Lobnya

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Lobnya (English)
Лобня (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Lobnya is located in Moscow Oblast
Lobnya
Lobnya
Location of Lobnya in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 56°01′N 37°29′E / 56.017°N 37.483°E / 56.017; 37.483Coordinates: 56°01′N 37°29′E / 56.017°N 37.483°E / 56.017; 37.483
Coat of Arms of Lobnya (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Lobnya (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Lobnya Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Lobnya Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of September 2008)
Urban okrug Lobnya Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Lobnya Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Sergey Sokol[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 74,252 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 216th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1902[citation needed]
Town status since 1961[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 141730
Dialing code(s) +7 495[citation needed]
Official website
Lobnya on WikiCommons

Lobnya (Russian: Ло́бня) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 27 kilometers (17 mi) north of Moscow. Population: 74,252 (2010 Census);[3] 61,567 (2002 Census);[6] 60,475 (1989 Census);[7] 30,000 (1970).

History[edit]

Lobnya was founded in 1902 and granted town status in 1961.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Lobnya Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Lobnya Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Lobnya Urban Okrug.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The environs are rich in architectural monuments, such as the Neo-Gothic estate of Marfino located 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) to the northeast, which was laid out by Field Marshal Pyotr Saltykov in the 1770s but was extensively modernized by Count Panin in 1837–1839. The palace is Gothic in style, scored to resemble a medieval castle; a flight of stairs connects it with a white-stone wharf by the river, decorated with statues of griffins. To the west from the palace stands the Petrine Baroque church of the Virgin's Nativity (1701–1707). There are also a Gothic bridge, stables, and two English parks with picturesque rotundas.

Within two kilometers from Marfino is the manor of Nikolskoye-Prozorovskoye, which contains a Neo-Baroque country house of Field Marshal Prozorovsky and a Neoclassical church of St. Nicholas, built in the 1790s. Nearby is Rozhdestveno-Suvorovo, where the five-domed church of the Virgin's Nativity was built by Princes Baryatinsky at the turn of the 18th century. In 1773, the estate passed to Alexander Suvorov's father, Vasily Suvorov, a general-in-chief who is buried in the church.

The oldest building in the vicinity is the five-domed four-pillared apseless Trinity Church in Chashnikovo (four kilometers from Lobnya). Its elegant Italianate decor, reminiscent of the Chudov Monastery cathedral, dates the church to the early years of the 16th century, when such Italian architects as Aloisio the New were active in Russia. The church was first documented in 1585, when Chashnikovo was owned by Nikita Romanov, grandfather of Tsar Mikhail I. By the end of the 17th century, the estate had passed to Lev Naryshkin, maternal uncle of Peter the Great, who added a bell tower and had the church's decor updated to answer his own Naryshkin Baroque tastes.

Other well-known villages in the vicinity of Lobnya are Zhostovo (seven kilometers to the northeast) and Fedoskino (ten kilometers to the east), renowned for their traditional folk crafts of Zhostovo painting and Fedoskino miniature, respectively. The village of Krasnaya Polyana, now located in Lobnya, was the place of closest advance by the German army to Moscow in 1941.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #21/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №138/2014-ОЗ от 6 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #138/2014-OZ of November 6, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №21/2005-ОЗ от 19 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Лобня», в ред. Закона №133/2008-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Лобня"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №22, 8 февраля 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #21/2005-OZ of January 19, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Lobnya Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #133/2008-OZ of September 23, 2008 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Lobnya Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]