Local education authority
A local education authority (LEA) is a local authority in England and Wales that has responsibility for education within its jurisdiction. Since the Children Act 2004 each local education authority is also a children's services authority and responsibility for both functions is held by the director of children's services.
In Greater London the London borough councils and the Common Council of the City of London are the local authorities responsible for education; in the metropolitan counties it is the metropolitan borough councils; and in the non-metropolitan counties it is the county councils or, where there is no county council, the councils of the unitary authorities. The Council of the Isles of Scilly is an education authority.
Local education authorities have some responsibility for all state schools in their area.
- They are responsible for distribution and monitoring of funding for the schools
- They are responsible for co-ordination of admissions, including allocation of the number of places available at each school
- They are the direct employers of all staff in community and VC schools
- They have a responsibility for the educational achievement of looked-after children, i.e. children in their care
- They have attendance and advisory rights in relation to the employment of teachers, and in relation to the dismissal of any staff
- They are the despondent owners of school land and premises in community schools.
Until recently, local education authorities were responsible for the funding of students in higher education (for example undergraduate courses and PGCE) whose permanent address is in their area, regardless of the place of study. Based on an assessment of individual circumstances they offer grants or access to student loans through the Student Loans Company.
The term was introduced by the Education Act 1902 (2 Edw.7, c. 42). The Act designated each local authority; either county council and county borough council; would set up a committee known as a Local Education Authority (LEA). The councils took over the powers and responsibilities of the school boards and technical instruction committees in their area. Municipal boroughs with a population of 10,000 and urban districts with a population of 20,000 were to be local education authorities in their areas for elementary education only. The LEAs' role was further expanded with the introduction of school meals in 1906 and medical inspection in 1907.
In 1904 the London County Council became a local education authority, with the abolition of the London School Board. The metropolitan boroughs were not education authorities, although they were given the power to decide on the site for new schools in their areas, and provided the majority of members on boards of management.
The system continued unchanged until 1965, when the London County Council was replaced by the Greater London Council. The twenty outer London boroughs became local education authorities, while a new Inner London Education Authority, consisting of the members of the GLC elected for the inner boroughs covering the former County of London was created.
In 1974 local government outside London was completely reorganised. In the new metropolitan counties of England, metropolitan boroughs became LEAs. In the non-metropolitan counties the county councils were the education authorities, as they were throughout Wales.
In 1986, with the abolition of the Greater London Council, a directly elected Inner London Education authority was formed. This, however, only existed until 1990, when the 12 inner London boroughs assumed responsibility for education.
A Local educational authority award is an award given to the local educational authority, as opposed to an award given by the LEA.
There are currently 152 local education authorities in England and 22 in Wales. Below they are listed alphabetically by region.
 See also
- Children Act 2004 c. 31
- "A Guide to the Law for School Governors". Department for Children, Schools and Families. p. 67. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "A Guide to the Law for School Governors". Department for Children, Schools and Families. p. 86. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "A Guide to the Law for School Governors". Department for Children, Schools and Families. p. 79. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- Bryne, T., Local Government in Britain, (1994)
- Saint, A., Politics and the people of London: the London County Council (1889-1965), (1989)
- Redcliffe-Maud & Wood, B., English Local Government Reformed, (1974)
- Jones, B. et al., Politics UK, (2004)
- Department for Education and Skills - LA Contact Details