Local and/or General

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For the radio program, see Local and/or General (radio program).
Local and/or General
Studio album by Models
Released October 1981
Recorded Farmyard Studios, Bucks, United Kingdom
Genre New wave
Label Mushroom
Producer Stephen Tayler , Models
Models chronology
Cut Lunch
(1980)
Local and/or General
(1980)
Pleasure of your Company
(1983)
Singles from Local and/or General
  1. "Local and/or General"
    Released: November 0, 1981 (1981-11-00)
  2. "Unhappy"
    Released: December 0, 1982 (1982-00-00)

Local &/or General is the second studio album by Australian new wave rock band Models,[1] which peaked at #30 on the Australian albums chart.[2] It was released in October 1981 on Mushroom Records with Stephen Tayler producing.[3] Prior to flying to United Kingdom to record the album, Models had made some demo recordings, which proved successful enough to be released as an EP, Cut Lunch in June.[1] One track, "Man o' Action", from that EP was re-recorded for Local &/or General.[1] The album provided two singles, "Local and/or General" in November and "Unhappy" in 1982, neither peaked into the Australian Top 50 singles chart.[2]

Background[edit]

Models had formed in Melbourne in 1978 by members from Teenage Radio Stars and JAB, after some line-up changes they were Andrew Duffield on keyboards, Mark Ferrie on bass guitar, Janis Friedenfelds (aka Johnny Crash) on drums and percussion, and Sean Kelly on vocals and lead guitar.[1][3] Their first release in October 1979 was a give-away, shared single, "Early Morning Brain (It's Not Quite the Same as Sobriety)" backed with The Boys Next Door's "Scatterbrain".[1] Friction within the band led to their break-up in November, ex-The Easybeats members, Vanda & Young who were now record producers/songwriters asked Models to cut some demos - so they reformed at the end of December.[1]

Their second single, "Owe You Nothing" appeared in August 1980, both singles were released on independent labels[3] and did not chart on the Top 40 Australian singles chart according to the Kent Music Report.[2]

In November 1980, the Duffield, Ferrie, Friedenfelds and Kelly line-up released Models' first album, Alphabravocharliedeltaechofoxtrotgolf, on Mushroom Records.[3] It peaked at #43 on the Australian albums chart.[2] The album was well received by audiences on the live pub circuit. No singles were released commercially from the album, although "Two People Per km²" and "Uncontrollable Boy" were on a 12-inch disc released to radio stations,[1][3] and a music video was made for "Two People Per km²". The band performed extensively both locally and interstate, they supported Ramones and Midnight Oil on a national tour.[1]

Early in 1981, Friedenfelds was replaced on drums by Mark Hough (aka Buster Stiggs) from New Zealand band The Swingers.[3] In June, Models released a 10" album, Cut Lunch, which consisted of demo tracks produced by Tony Cohen and Models except "Atlantic Romantic" produced by Split Enz keyboard player Eddie Rayner and Models.[1][3] After recording Cut Lunch, Models travelled to United Kingdom to record, Local &/or General, with Steve Tayler producing.[1][3]

Track listing[edit]

  1. "Local and/or General" ( Sean Kelly)[4] - 3:20
  2. "Truth About Truth About Scientists" (Andrew Duffield, Kelly)[5] - 2:22
  3. "Unhappy" (Mark Ferrie, Duffield)[6] - 3:22
  4. "Telstar" (Joe Meek)[7] - 0:55
  5. "Dying for My Country at the War" (Kelly)[8] - 3:39
  6. "Drive and Reflex"(Duffield, Kelly)[9] - 5:00
  7. "Bantam Had" (Kelly)[10]- 4:04
  8. "Man O' Action" (Kelly, Mark Hough)[11] - 3:40
  9. "Drunk in the House" (Kelly, Duffield, Ferrie, Hough)[12] - 3:06
  10. "Tearing Hair Out" (Kelly)[13] - 3:33
  11. "Rate of Change"(Duffield, Kelly)[14] - 3:16

Credits[edit]

Credited to:[15]

Models members

Production details

Art work

  • Artwork — Roy Snell
  • Photography — Anton Corbijn

In pop culture[edit]

The album gives its title to the name of a radio program focussing on new Australian music on Melbourne radio station Triple R.

Television music quiz program RocKwiz has a round on general music knowledge titled "Local and/or General" after the album.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Encyclopedia entry for 'Models'". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-768-2. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  2. ^ a b c d Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  NOTE: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1970 until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Holmgren, Magnus; Baird, Paul; Aubrey, Lisa; Acosta. "The Models". Australian Rock Database. Passagen.se (Magnus Holmgren). Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  4. ^ ""Local &/or General" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  5. ^ ""Truth About Truth About Scientists" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  6. ^ ""Unhappy" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  7. ^ ""Telstar" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  8. ^ ""Dying for My Country at the War" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  9. ^ ""Drive and Reflex" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  10. ^ "Local &/or General". Discogs. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  11. ^ ""Man o' Action" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  12. ^ ""Drunk in the House" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  13. ^ ""Tearing Hair Out" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  14. ^ ""Rate of Change" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  15. ^ "Local and/or General album credits". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-02-27.