Local enterprise partnership
In England, local enterprise partnerships (LEPs) are voluntary partnerships between local authorities and businesses set up in 2011 by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to help determine local economic priorities and lead economic growth and job creation within the local area. They carry out some of the functions previously carried out by the regional development agencies which were abolished in March 2012. To date there are 39 local enterprise partnerships in operation.
The abolition of regional development agencies and the creation of local enterprise partnerships were announced as part of the June 2010 United Kingdom budget. On 29 June 2010 a letter was sent from the Department for Communities and Local Government and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to local authority and business leaders, inviting proposals to replace regional development agencies in their areas by 6 September 2010. On 7 September 2010, details were released of 56 proposals for local enterprise partnerships that had been received. On 6 October 2010, during the Conservative Party Conference, it was revealed that 22 had been given the provisional 'green light' to proceed and others might later be accepted with amendments. 24 bids were announced as successful on 28 October 2010.
LEPs were set up on a volunteer basis without any public funding and struggled to make progress. A report by Michael Heseltine in October 2012, No Stone Unturned, was largely accepted by Government, and proposed delegating funds from central government to LEPs, including • a share of a £1,400m Local Growth Fund to generate growth, allocated through competitive bidding; • getting LEPs to draw up plans for local growth as the basis for negotiation on the money in the Fund • realigning the management of the EU Structural and Investment Funds in England to follow the plans made by LEPs.
LEP Network - ready for business
The Local Enterprise Partnership Network is a collection of 9 LEP chairs and a CEO set up to co-ordinate LEP input on national strategic issues and to share best practice. Following the recent appointments of a Chair for the Network Management Board, Alex Pratt OBE and its Chief Executive, Alison Porter, the organisation works with the 39 individual LEPs on key issues.
According to the latest annual report from the LEP Network (previously run by BCC) on the economic performance and characteristics of Local Enterprise Partnership areas, it is clear LEPs have continued to mature; for example setting clear strategic objectives, forging wider partnerships, administering new funding arrangements and promoting enterprise zones. Over the past year every LEP has invested in well-evidenced plans and strategies to drive local growth, providing a firm foundation from which they can respond to the economic opportunities and threats ahead.
At the end of March all 39 LEPs submitted their Strategic Economic Plans to Central Government for a share of a £2bn pot of national investment for the development of jobs and business growth. This injection of funding into local hands provides an opportunity to unleash local ambitions by devolving resources and responsibilities in return for strong local economic leadership in pursuit of growth.
The LEP areas of Greater Birmingham and Solihull, Greater Manchester, Leeds City Region, North Eastern, Sheffield City Region, and West of England were included in the first wave of 'city deals' in 2012.
List of LEPs
Local enterprise partnership areas are allowed to overlap so a local authority is permitted to be part of more than one local enterprise partnership.[note 1] To date there are 39 local enterprise partnerships in operation:
|Local enterprise partnership||Local authority areas|
|Black Country||West Midlands (part): Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall, Wolverhampton|
|Buckinghamshire Thames Valley[note 2]||Buckinghamshire (all)|
|Cheshire and Warrington||Cheshire East (unitary)
Cheshire West and Chester (unitary)
|Coast to Capital[note 2]||Brighton and Hove (unitary)
East Sussex: Lewes
Greater London (part): Croydon
Surrey (part): Epsom and Ewell, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Tandridge
West Sussex (all)
|Cornwall and Isles of Scilly||Cornwall (unitary)
Isles of Scilly
|Coventry and Warwickshire||Warwickshire (all)
West Midlands (part): Coventry
|"D2N2" (Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham and Nottinghamshire)[note 2]||Derby (unitary)
|Enterprise M3[note 2]||Hampshire (part): Basingstoke and Deane, East Hampshire, Hart, New Forest, Rushmoor, Test Valley, Winchester
Surrey (part): Elmbridge, Guildford, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Waverley, Woking
|Greater Birmingham and Solihull[note 2]||Staffordshire (part): Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Tamworth
West Midlands (part): Birmingham, Solihull
Worcestershire (part): Bromsgrove, Redditch, Wyre Forest
|Greater Cambridge and Greater Peterborough[note 2]||Cambridgeshire (all)
Essex (part): Uttlesford
Hertfordshire (part): North Hertfordshire
Norfolk (part): King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Suffolk (part): Forest Heath, St Edmundsbury
|Greater Lincolnshire[note 2]||Lincolnshire (all)
North Lincolnshire (unitary)
North East Lincolnshire (unitary)
|Greater Manchester||Greater Manchester (all)|
|Heart of the South West||Devon (all)
|Hertfordshire[note 2]||Hertfordshire (all)|
|Humber[note 2]||East Riding of Yorkshire (unitary)
Kingston upon Hull (unitary)
North East Lincolnshire (unitary)
North Lincolnshire (unitary)
Blackburn with Darwen (unitary)
|Leeds City Region[note 2]||South Yorkshire (part): Barnsley
North Yorkshire (part): Craven, Harrogate, Selby
West Yorkshire (all)
|Leicester and Leicestershire||Leicester (unitary)
|Liverpool City Region||Halton (unitary)
Merseyside (all) which includes, purely alphabetically, Knowsley, Liverpool, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral
|London Enterprise Panel[note 2][note 3]||Greater London (all)|
|New Anglia[note 2]||Norfolk (all)
|North Eastern||County Durham (unitary)
Tyne and Wear (all)
|Northamptonshire[note 2]||Northamptonshire (all)|
|Oxfordshire[note 2]||Oxfordshire (all)|
|Sheffield City Region[note 2]||Derbyshire (part): Bolsover, Chesterfield, North East Derbyshire
Nottinghamshire (part): Bassetlaw
South Yorkshire (all)
|Solent[note 2]||Hampshire (part): East Hampshire, Eastleigh, Fareham, Gosport, Havant, New Forest, Test Valley, Winchester
Isle of Wight (unitary)
|South East[note 2]||East Sussex (all)
|South East Midlands[note 2]||Bedford (unitary)
Buckinghamshire (part): Aylesbury Vale
Central Bedfordshire (unitary)
Milton Keynes (unitary)
Northamptonshire (part): Corby, Daventry, Kettering, Northampton, South Northamptonshire
Oxfordshire (part): Cherwell
|Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire[note 2]||Staffordshire (all)
|Swindon and Wiltshire||Swindon (unitary)
|Tees Valley||Darlington (unitary)
Redcar and Cleveland (unitary)
|Thames Valley Berkshire||Bracknell Forest (unitary)
West Berkshire (unitary)
Windsor and Maidenhead (unitary)
|The Marches||Herefordshire (unitary)
Telford and Wrekin (unitary)
|West of England||Bath and North East Somerset (unitary)
North Somerset (unitary)
South Gloucestershire (unitary)
|Worcestershire[note 2]||Worcestershire (all)|
|York North Yorkshire and East Riding[note 2]||North Yorkshire (all)
East Riding of Yorkshire (unitary)
- The local authority areas in two LEPs are Aylesbury Vale, Barnsley, Bassetlaw, Bolsover, Bromsgrove, Cannock Chase, Cherwell, Chesterfield Corby, Craven, Croydon, Daventry, East Hampshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, East Staffordshire, Forest Heath, Harrogate, Kettering, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, Lewes, Lichfield, New Forest, North East Derbyshire, North East Lincolnshire, North Hertfordshire, North Lincolnshire, Northampton, Redditch, Selby, South Northamptonshire, St Edmundsbury, Tamworth, Test Valley, Uttlesford, Winchester, Wyre Forest, and York
- Overlaps with other LEPs
- Advisory role only; economic functions are the responsibility of the Mayor of London
- Mark Hoban (22 June 2010). Budget 2010. HM Treasury. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- "Local enterprise partnerships". Department of Communities and Local Government. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (7 September 2010). "New Local Enterprise Partnerships criss-cross the country". News Distribution Service. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- Allister Hayman (6 October 2010). "LEPs: 22 bald men fighting over a comb?". Local Government Chronicle. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- "Live blog: Sub-national economic growth white paper". 28 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Allister Hayman (7 September 2010). "The geography of LEPs: final list". Local Government Chronicle. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- Colin Marrs (27 August 2010). "Array of LEP proposals emerge in Yorkshire". Regen.net. Retrieved 7 October 2010.