Locarno (district)

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Locarno
Distretto di Locarno
District
Location of Locarno
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Ticino
Capital Locarno
Area[1]
 • Total 591.67 km2 (228.45 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 62,787
 • Density 110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 27

The district of Locarno (also called Locarnese) is a district of Canton Ticino, Switzerland. It has a population of 62,787 (as of 31 December 2012).[2]

Geography[edit]

The Locarno District has an area, as of 1997, of 551.08 square kilometers (212.77 sq mi). Of this area, 35.25 km2 (13.61 sq mi) or 6.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 320.45 km2 (123.73 sq mi) or 58.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 26.96 km2 (10.41 sq mi) or 4.9% is settled (buildings or roads), 12.76 km2 (4.93 sq mi) or 2.3% is either rivers or lakes and 133.75 km2 (51.64 sq mi) or 24.3% is unproductive land.

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 2.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.2%. Out of the forested land, 47.1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 3.0% is used for growing crops and 2.8% is used for alpine pastures. Of the water in the district, 0.5% is in lakes and 1.9% is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 14.7% is unproductive vegetation and 9.6% is too rocky for vegetation.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The Locarno District has a population (as of December 2012) of 62,787.[2] Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000), 8,831 speak German, 971 people speak French, 43,408 people speak Italian, and 83 people speak Romansh. The remainder (4,034 people) speak another language.[4]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. The population was made up of 21,828 Swiss men (35.1% of the population), and 7,688 (12.4%) non-Swiss men. There were 25,836 Swiss women (41.5%), and 6,847 (11.0%) non-Swiss women.[5]

In 2008 there were 397 live births to Swiss citizens and 104 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 483 deaths of Swiss citizens and 86 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 86 while the foreign population increased by 18. There were 29 Swiss men and 22 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 317 non-Swiss men and 269 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources) was an increase of 487 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 170 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.1%.[6]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in the Locarno District is; 5,081 children or 8.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 5,956 teenagers or 9.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 6,214 people or 10.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 7,768 people or 12.5% are between 30 and 39, 10,299 people or 16.6% are between 40 and 49, and 8,443 people or 13.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 8,344 people or 13.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 6,067 people or 9.8% are between 70 and 79, there are 4,027 people or 6.5% who are over 80.[5]

In 2000 there were 29,582 single family homes (or 45.4% of the total) out of a total of 65,150 inhabited buildings. There were 7,996 two family buildings (12.3%) and 20,959 multi-family buildings (32.2%). There were also 6,613 buildings in the district that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose).[7]

In 2000 there were 43,636 apartments in the district. The most common apartment size was the 3 room apartment of which there were 13,418. There were 3,749 single room apartments and 6,608 apartments with five or more rooms.[8] Of these apartments, a total of 26,170 apartments (60.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 16,398 apartments (37.6%) were seasonally occupied and 1,068 apartments (2.4%) were empty.[8]

The historical population is given in the following table:[9]

year population
1850 22,362
1880 24,361
1900 24,594
1950 33,218
1980 50,778
1990 52,286
2000 57,327

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 30.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (21.47%), the SP (18.43%) and the SVP (11.71%). In the federal election, a total of 16,768 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 42.5%.[10]

In the 2007 Ticino Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 39,570 registered voters in the Locarno District, of which 21,970 or 55.5% voted. 394 blank ballots and 50 null ballots were cast, leaving 21,526 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PLRT which received 4,711 or 21.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PPD+GenGiova (with 3,991 or 18.5%), the SSI (with 3,935 or 18.3%) and the PS (with 3,590 or 16.7%).[11]

In the 2007 Ticino Consiglio di Stato election, 242 blank ballots and 99 null ballots were cast, leaving 21,637 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PLRT which received 4,349 or 20.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PS (with 4,243 or 19.6%), the PPD (with 4,076 or 18.8%) and the LEGA (with 4,057 or 18.8%).[11]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 41,145 or 71.8% were Roman Catholic, while 6,229 or 10.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 7,244 individuals (or about 12.64% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 2,709 individuals (or about 4.73% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Education[edit]

In the Locarno District there was a total of 9,332 students (as of 2009). The Ticino education system provides up to three years of non-mandatory kindergarten and in the Locarno District there were 1,319 children in kindergarten. The primary school program lasts for five years and includes both a standard school and a special school. In the district, 2,781 students attended the standard primary schools and 148 students attended the special school. In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a two-year middle school followed by a two-year pre-apprenticeship or they attend a four-year program to prepare for higher education. There were 2,410 students in the two-year middle school and 37 in their pre-apprenticeship, while 947 students were in the four-year advanced program.

The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a full-time student or one and a half to two years as a part-time student).[12] There were 478 vocational students who were attending school full-time and 1,080 who attend part-time.

The professional program lasts three years and prepares a student for a job in engineering, nursing, computer science, business, tourism and similar fields. There were 132 students in the professional program.[13]

Circles and municipalities[edit]

Circolo di Locarno
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Locarno Locarno 15,483 19.27
Muralto Muralto 2,818 0.60
Orselina Orselina 761 1.94
Total

19,062

21.81
Circolo delle Isole
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Ascona Ascona 5,450 4.97
Brissago Brissago 1,848 17.79
Ronco sopra Ascona Ronco sopra Ascona 675 5.02
Losone Losone 6,414 9.53
Total

14,387

37.31
Circolo di Onsernone
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Onsernone Onsernone 264 29.86
Mosogno Mosogno 53 8.61
Vergeletto Vergeletto 55 40.79
Isorno Isorno 335 17.11
Gresso Gresso 35 11.08
Total

742

107.45
Circolo del Gambarogno
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Gambarogno Gambarogno 5,015 51.8
Total

5,015

51.8
Circolo della Melezza
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Centovalli Centovalli 1,192 51.1
Terre di Pedemonte 2,566 11.37
Total

3,758

62.47
Circolo della Verzasca
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Lavertezzo Lavertezzo 1,236 58.11
Vogorno Vogorno 276 23.88
Corippo Corippo 12 7.73
Brione (Verzasca) Brione (Verzasca) 188 48.56
Frasco Frasco 102 25.72
Sonogno Sonogno 97 37.52
Cugnasco-Gerra Cugnasco-Gerra 2,879 35.72
Total

4,790

237.24
Circolo della Navegna
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2012)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Tenero-Contra Tenero-Contra 2,660 3.69
Minusio Minusio 7,212 5.85
Mergoscia Mergoscia 212 12.14
Brione sopra Minusio Brione sopra Minusio 539 3.84
Gordola Gordola 4,410 7.04
Total

15,033

32.56

Mergers and name changes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Il Ticino in cifre, Edizione 2010
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed16 Septemeber 2013
  3. ^ Altitudine, superficie, secondo il genere di utilizzazione, rilevazione 1992/1997, e densità della popolazione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 25 October 2010
  4. ^ a b Popolazione residente, secondo la lingua principale e la religione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  5. ^ a b 01.02.03 Popolazione residente permanente (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ 09.02.01 Edifici (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  8. ^ a b 09.02.02 Abitazioni (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  9. ^ Popolazione residente, dal 1850 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  11. ^ a b Elezioni cantonali: Gran Consiglio, Consiglio di Stato (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  12. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). KANTONALE SCHULSTRUKTUREN IN DER SCHWEIZ UND IM FÜRSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN / STRUCTURES SCOLAIRES CANTONALES EN SUISSE ET DANS LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DU LIECHTENSTEIN (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  13. ^ Allievi e studenti, secondo il genere di scuola, anno scolastico 2009/2010 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  15. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. 2771. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/infothek/nomenklaturen/blank/blank/gem_liste/03.Document.128095.pdf. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  16. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 14 January 2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°10′N 8°48′E / 46.167°N 8.800°E / 46.167; 8.800