Lockheed L-100 Hercules
|A Tepper Aviation L‑382 taking off from Mojave Spaceport, California|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||April 20, 1964|
|Introduction||September 30, 1965|
|Primary users||Indonesian Air Force
Lynden Air Cargo
|Developed from||C-130 Hercules|
The Lockheed L‑100 Hercules is the civilian variant of the prolific C‑130 military transport aircraft made by the Lockheed Corporation. Its first flight occurred in 1964. Longer L‑100‑20 and L‑100‑30 versions were developed. L‑100 production ended in 1992 with 114 aircraft delivered.
In 1959, Pan American World Airways ordered 12 of Lockheed's GL‑207 Super Hercules to be delivered by 1962, to be powered by four 6,000 eshp Allison T61 turboprops. The Super Hercules was to be 23 ft 4 in (7.11 m) longer than the C‑130B; a variant powered by 6,445 Rolls‑Royce Tynes and a jet-powered variant with four Pratt & Whitney JT3D‑11 turbofans were also under development. Both Pan American and Slick Airways (which had ordered six) cancelled their orders and the other variants did not evolve past design studies.
Lockheed decided to produce a commercial variant based on a de-militarised version of the C‑130E Hercules. The prototype L‑100 (registered N1130E) first flew on April 20, 1964 when it carried out a 1-hour, 25-minute flight. The type certificate was awarded on 16 February 1965. Twenty-one production aircraft were then built with the first delivery to Continental Air Services on September 30, 1965.
Slow sales led to the development of two new, longer versions, the L‑100‑20 and L‑100‑30, both of which were larger and more economical than the original model. Deliveries totaled 114 aircraft, with production ending in 1992. Several L-100-20 aircraft were operated on scheduled freight flights by Delta Airlines between 1968 and 1973.
An updated civilian version of the Lockheed Martin C-130J‑30 Super Hercules was under development, but the program was placed on hold indefinitely in 2000 to focus on military development and production. On February 3, 2014, Lockheed Martin formally relaunched the LM-100J program, saying it expects to sell 75 aircraft. Lookheed sees the new L-100J as an ideal replacement for the existing civil L-100 fleets.
Civilian variants are equivalent to the C‑130E model without pylon tanks or military equipment.
- L‑100 (Model 382)
- One prototype powered by four Allison 501‑D22s and first flown in 1964
- L‑100 (Model 382B)
- Production variant
- L‑100‑20 (Model 382E and Model 382F)
- Stretched variant certified in 1968 with a new 5 ft (1.5 m) section forward of the wing and 3 ft 4 in (1.02 m) section aft of the wing.
- L‑100‑30 (Model 382G)
- A further stretched variant with an addition 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) fuselage section.
- LM‑100J (Model 382J)
- An updated civilian version 
In July 2009 a total of 36 Lockheed L‑100 Hercules aircraft were in commercial service. Operators include Safair (9), Lynden Air Cargo (6), Transafrik (5), Libyan Arab Air Cargo (3), First Air (2), and other operators with fewer numbers of the type.
In January 2009, 35 Lockheed L‑100s were in use with military operators, including:
- Indonesian Air Force (10 ordered, 8 current with 6 in service)
- Philippine Air Force (4)
- Libyan Air Force (5)
- Algerian Air Force (3)
- Ecuadorian Air Force (1)
- Kuwait Air Force (3 – L‑100‑30)
- Peruvian Air Force (3)
- Royal Saudi Air Force (3 L‑100‑30 for Royal Flight)
Other users with fewer aircraft.
- Gabon Air Force (2 – 1 L‑100‑20 and 1 L‑100‑30)
- United Arab Emirates Air Force (1 – L‑100‑30)
- Argentine Air Force (1 – L‑100‑30 – LV‑APW, later TC‑100)
- Free Libyan Air Force (1 L-100 following Libyan civil war)
Accidents and incidents
- On September 23, 1994, a Heavylift Cargo Service[a] L‑100‑30, PK‑PLV leased from Pelita Air Service, crashed off Kai Tak International Airport after the number four propeller oversped, killing six of 12 on board.
- Crew: 3-4: (two pilots, navigator, flight engineer/loadmaster)
- Payload: 51,050 lb (23,150 kg)
- Length: 112 ft 9 in (34.35 m)
- Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.4 m)
- Height: 38 ft 3 in (11.66 m)
- Wing area: 1,745 ft² (162.1 m²)
- Empty weight: 77,740 lb (35,260 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (70,300 kg)
- Powerplant: 4 × Allison 501‑D22A turboprops, 4,510 shp (3,360 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 308 knots (354 mph (570 km/h)) at 20,000 ft (6,100 m)
- Cruise speed: 292 kn (336 mph (541 km/h))
- Range: 1,334 nmi (1,535 mi (2,470 km))
- Ferry range: 4,830 nmi (5,554 mi (8,938 km))
- Service ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,830 ft/min (9.3 m/s)
- Related development
- C-130 Hercules
- C-130J Super Hercules
- AC‑130 Spectre/Spooky
- Lockheed DC-130
- Lockheed EC-130
- Lockheed HC-130
- Lockheed LC-130
- Lockheed MC-130
- Lockheed WC-130
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Now defunct UK company, not to be confused with current Australian company
- Frawley, Gerald. The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003/2004. Fishwick, Act: Aerospace Publications, 2003. ISBN 1‑875671‑58‑7.
- Lockheed L-100 Hercules. airliners.net
- "Lockheed-Martin to Update Civilian Version of the Hercules". Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "World Airliner Census". Flight International, 18–24 August 2009.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2009 Aerospace Source Book. Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2009.
- US notifies Congress of potential Libyan C-130J sale - Flightglobal.com, 11 June 2013
- ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules PK-PLV Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG)
- Donald, David, ed. "Lockheed C‑130 Hercules". The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Barnes & Nobel Books, 1997. ISBN 0‑7607‑0592‑5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lockheed L-100 Hercules.|
- Lockheed L‑100 Hercules. airliners.net
- Lockheed L‑100 Hercules specifications compared next to other air cargo aircraft