Lockheed XB-30

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Lockheed XB-30
Lockheed XB-30.jpg
Scale model of the Lockheed XB-30 bomber concept.
Role Heavy bomber
Manufacturer Lockheed Corporation
First flight n/a
Status Design only
Primary user United States Army Air Forces
Number built 0
Developed from L-049 Constellation

The Lockheed XB-30 (company model L-249)[1] was the design submitted by Lockheed after the request by the United States Army Air Forces for a very heavy bomber, the same request that led to the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, the Douglas XB-31 and Consolidated B-32 Dominator.

Design and development[edit]

Around 1938, General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, the head of the Army Air Force, was growing alarmed at the possibility of war in Europe and in the Pacific. Hoping to be prepared for the long-term requirements of the Air Force, Arnold created a special committee chaired by Brigadier General Walter G. Kilner; one of its members was Charles Lindbergh. After a tour of Luftwaffe bases, Lindbergh became convinced that Nazi Germany was far ahead of other European nations.

In a 1939 report, the committee made a number of recommendations, including development of new long-range heavy bombers. When war broke out in Europe, Arnold requested design studies from several companies on a Very Long-Range bomber capable of traveling 5,000 miles (8,000 km). Approval was granted on 2 December 1939.

Based on the design of the Lockheed L-049 (adopted by the Army Air Force as the C-69), the L-249 never progressed past the design stage, mainly because Boeing had a huge head start with its Boeing B-29 Superfortress, using the same Wright Duplex-Cyclone radials as the XB-30 was intended to use. Only a scale model was built. Retaining the wings and tail surfaces of the Model 49, the Model 249-58-01 was to have had a new fuselage with up to six gun turrets (one in the nose, two above and two below the fuselage, and one in the tail) housing 10 .50-caliber guns—twinned up in each turret for the nose, dorsal, and ventral emplacements; and one 20-mm cannon for the tail defensive position. Ventral bomb bays were to accommodate eight 2,000-lb. (907 kg.) bombs.

Specifications (as proposed)[edit]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 8× .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns in four fuselage turrets
    • 2× .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns and
    • 20 mm cannon in remotely aimed tail turret
  • Bombs: 16,000 lb

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Stringfellow and Bowers 1992, p. 31.
Bibliography
  • Stringfellow, Curtis K., and Peter M. Bowers. Lockheed Constellation. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks, 1992.

External links[edit]