|Region||South East Queensland|
|Area||3,000 km2 (1,158 sq mi)|
The Lockyer Valley is an area of rich farmlands that lies to the west of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and east of Toowoomba. The Lockyer Valley is rated among the top ten most fertile farming areas in the world as mentioned in page 13 of the Lockyer Valley Community Recovery Plan 2011. The intensively cultivated area grows the most diverse range of commercial fruit and vegetables of any area in Australia and is often referred to as "South East Queensland's Salad Bowl".
The valley is experiencing increasing urbanisation at both its eastern and western extremities. As commuters move into the area, its towns are becoming dormitory suburbs and satellite towns of the Brisbane-Ipswich conurbation in the east and Toowoomba in the west. Urban planning measures have been implemented to preserve the good quality agricultural land and rural feel of the valley. Such measures largely confine future development to non-arable land on the slopes of the hills.
The valley is enclosed on either side by the Great Dividing Range and lies within the Lockyer Valley Region local government area. The largest town in the Lockyer Valley is Gatton. Other centres include Laidley, Forest Hill, Grandchester, Grantham, Helidon, Withcott and Prenzlau.
Lockyer Creek and its tributaries drain the valley and forms a tributary of the Brisbane River that eventually empties into Moreton Bay. Many of the creeks in the valley are ephemeral. The valley has a number of small dams that serve local storage needs, including Atkinson Dam built in 1970, Bill Gunn Dam and Lake Clarendon. 12 different land types have been identified in the valley. The banks of waterways in the Lockyer Valley have been identified as the source of silt which caused problems for the Mount Crosby Pumping Station during the January 2013 Eastern Australia floods.
In January 2012, the Southern Queensland Correctional Centre near Gatton became operational.
In the 1840s the valley was settled and land clearing began. Gatton was gazetted in 1855, making it one of Queensland's earliest European settlements. The valley was populated by German immigrants under a scheme organised by Lutheran Pastor Heussler.
The first rail line in the valley was opened in 1865 when the Ipswich to Grandchester services began operation. A small town developed in the 1870s while a small timber industry grew at about the same time. Structures in the valley were damaged by a 4.4 magnitude earthquake that struck the area on November 17, 1960.
The Lockyer Valley typically experiences temperatures higher than the Brisbane region in summer, but colder in the winter. In November 2008, the valley experienced some of the worst flooding in its recorded history with farmers experiencing total crop failure. The flooding claimed the lives of livestock as well as an elderly female in the Forest Hill area, caught up in the flooding whilst driving.
This event was overshadowed by severe flooding in January 2011. The towns of Withcott and Grantham were particularly hard hit. Flood related deaths were recorded in the communities of Spring Bluff, Murphys Creek, Grantham and Postmans Ridge. Many council-owned bridges in the valley were either completely gone or partially destroyed. To repair roads and drains the Lockyer Valley Region local government area initially estimated the repair bill to be A$176 million.
In 2012, a solar powered, radar based, imaging system was installed to detect dramatic rises in creek water levels. The cameras monitor conditions from atop a five to six metre high pole to avoid damage during floods. An LED spotlight is used to take photos at night. When a flood event is detected the system enters a mode where images are taken more frequently. Real time data is transmitted to the council's disaster centre. The council spent $40,000 on the system.
The valley's main agricultural activities are intensive horticulture, cropping and grazing. Major crops grown in the areas include grains, vegetables and lucerne. Most of the water used in agriculture is sourced from below the surface.
The valley contains fertile black soils which support a $160 million-a-year vegetable industry. However the viability of agriculture in the Lockyer Valley has been questioned after unreliable rains during drought, pest outbreaks and crop damage during severe weather have led to a decrease in agricultural productivity. Some farmers have instigated the use of laser measurements to ensure irrigation systems are optimally configured and yields are high.
Nearly all the nation's processing beetroot is grown in the Lockyer Valley. In 2002, the number of beetroot farmers had reduced to just eight farms. Golden Circle sources vegetables from the Lockyer Valley.
- Galbraith, R. (2009). Living in the Landscape: the Lockyer Valley. A guide to property and landscape management. Brisbane: South East Queensland Catchments Limited. pp. 6–13. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- Tony Moore (22 March 2013). "Urgent meetings over water sediment threat". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Terry Ryder (2009-02-05). "Lockyer food bowl banks on diversification". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. p. 62. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
- Daniel Hurst (2008-04-24). "Qld earthquake risk real". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
- "Lockyer Valley flash floods death toll now at 13, after five more bodies found, dozens still missing". The Courier Mail. Queensland Newspapers. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- "Valley damage bill more than $176m". The Chronicle (Toowoomba Newspapers). 23 February 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Melanie Maeseele (2 February 2011). "Lockyer to face $1b flood bill". Queensland Times. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Fidelis Rego (24 July 2012). "Cameras to keep watch on Lockyer flood threat". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- John McCarthy and Peter Morley (2009-02-07). "Lockyer Valley growers urged to move north where there's more rain". The Courier Mail. Queensland Newspapers. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Pip Courtney (2002-10-13). "United team on quest for better beets". Landline. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Lockyer Valley Tourism & Development Association
- Lockyer Valley Community Recovery Plan 2011. Lockyer Valley Regional Council.