Place de l'Église
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Antoine Gabrièle|
|Area1||8.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||99/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||29134 / 29180|
|Elevation||38–280 m (125–919 ft)
(avg. 145 m or 476 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The place name
The village's name means the "hermitage of Ronan", after the eponymous founder Saint Ronan. It has previously been known as Saint-René-du-Bois.
Saint Ronan is greatly venerated in Brittany. He was a Celtic (possibly Cornish or Irish) Christian missionary of the 6th century who came to the region to teach the people. As his association with Locronan is close, some of his relics are kept in the parish church.
Locronan is a small town built at the foot of a hill. It was granted town status in 1505 by Anne of Brittany, who went there on a pilgrimage.
Since the 15th century, hemp has naturally grown in the area. It was cultivated and processed in a hemp industry in the town at the time, and it was widely used. The town was quite prosperous. Its hemp was exported internationally, as it was used for rigging the ships, both commercial and military, that operated from Brittany's many ports. The Saint Ronan church was built in this period, as well as the small chapel of Penity.
Inhabitants of Locronan are called in French Locronanais.
The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on November 23, 2007 to revive the Breton language.
Troménie is a pilgrimage festival that includes a large procession, whose participants carry the banners of participating parishes. Held every six years between the second and third Sundays in July, the Grande Troménie is a pilgrimage of about 12 km., traversing the wider sacred area around Locronan.
In the intervening five years, the Petite Troménie is held on the second Sunday in July. It is based in the town and church of Locronan. These are among the major pardons or ceremonies of the traditional Breton festal calendar.
Locronan has been used as a setting in films:
- Tess (1979), directed by Roman Polanski
- A Very Long Engagement, directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet
- Chouans!, directed by Philippe de Broca
A notable image of the Deposition of Christ in the church at Locronan.
The banner of St Corentin of Quimper at Locronan.
Altar of the Rosary.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Locronan.|
- (French) Official site
- (French) Official site of the Office de Tourisme
- Gallery of Images on Treakearth
- (French) French Ministry of Culture list for Locronan