Locronan

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Locronan
Lokorn
Place de l'Église
Place de l'Église
Locronan is located in France
Locronan
Locronan
Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Châteaulin
Canton Châteaulin
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Antoine Gabrièle
Area
 • Land1 8.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 800
 • Population2 density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 29134 / 29180
Elevation 38–280 m (125–919 ft)
(avg. 145 m or 476 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Locronan (Lokorn in Breton) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France, with a population of 800.

Locronan is a member of the Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The most beautiful villages of France") association.[1]

The place name[edit]

The village's name means the "hermitage of Ronan", after the eponymous founder Saint Ronan. It has previously been known as Saint-René-du-Bois.

Saint Ronan is greatly venerated in Brittany. He was a Celtic (possibly Cornish or Irish) Christian missionary of the 6th century who came to the region to teach the people. As his association with Locronan is close, some of his relics are kept in the parish church.

History[edit]

The St Ronan church at Locronan.

Locronan is a small town built at the foot of a hill. It was granted town status in 1505 by Anne of Brittany, who went there on a pilgrimage.

Since the 15th century, hemp has naturally grown in the area. It was cultivated and processed in a hemp industry in the town at the time, and it was widely used. The town was quite prosperous. Its hemp was exported internationally, as it was used for rigging the ships, both commercial and military, that operated from Brittany's many ports. The Saint Ronan church was built in this period, as well as the small chapel of Penity.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Locronan are called in French Locronanais.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 768 —    
1800 691 −10.0%
1806 691 +0.0%
1821 664 −3.9%
1831 797 +20.0%
1836 805 +1.0%
1841 773 −4.0%
1846 865 +11.9%
1851 832 −3.8%
1856 719 −13.6%
1861 700 −2.6%
1866 638 −8.9%
1872 683 +7.1%
1876 759 +11.1%
1881 783 +3.2%
1886 766 −2.2%
1891 759 −0.9%
1896 778 +2.5%
1901 733 −5.8%
1906 720 −1.8%
1911 716 −0.6%
1921 760 +6.1%
1926 749 −1.4%
1931 924 +23.4%
1936 872 −5.6%
1946 794 −8.9%
1954 777 −2.1%
1962 715 −8.0%
1968 672 −6.0%
1975 686 +2.1%
1982 704 +2.6%
1990 796 +13.1%
1999 799 +0.4%
2008 800 +0.1%

Breton language[edit]

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on November 23, 2007 to revive the Breton language.

Events[edit]

Troménie is a pilgrimage festival that includes a large procession, whose participants carry the banners of participating parishes. Held every six years between the second and third Sundays in July, the Grande Troménie is a pilgrimage of about 12 km., traversing the wider sacred area around Locronan.

In the intervening five years, the Petite Troménie is held on the second Sunday in July. It is based in the town and church of Locronan. These are among the major pardons or ceremonies of the traditional Breton festal calendar.

Popular culture[edit]

Locronan has been used as a setting in films:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]