Lodi (Pashtun tribe)
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Lodi (Pashto: لودي), also Lodhi or Ludin, is a Pashtun supertribe from the Bettani tribal confederacy mainly found in Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan. Member tribes of the Lodi confederacy include Sur, Marwat, Niazi, Dotani, and Kundi.
In the 15th century, the Lodi founded the Lodi dynasty, the last dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate. In the 16th century, the Sur Empire was founded in North India by Sher Shah Suri, a member of the Sur clan of the Lodi Pashtun confederacy. The Lodi are related to the Ghilji, another Bettani tribal confederacy.
The Lodi's were Afghans who ruled India from 1444-1526. The sultans of this dynasty were Buhlul Lodi, Sikandar Lodi and Ibrahim Lodi. They spread Islam in South Asia, in particular Sufism.
The Pashtun Lodi dynasty replaced the Turkic rulers in Northern India. The Lodis were part of a wave of Pashtuns who pushed east into what is today northern Pakistan. Often accompanying the Timurids who invaded Northern India. Legend has it that the tribe derives from a descendent of Qais Abdur Rashid (the legendary patriarch of all Pashtuns). The term Lodi is said to have evolved from the Pashto word loy da (meaning honored person).
Pashtun nationalism emerged following the rise of Pashto poetry that linked language and ethnic identity. Pashto has national status in Afghanistan and regional status in neighbouring Pakistan. In addition to their native tongue, many Pashtuns are fluent in Dari, Persian, Urdu and English. Throughout their history, poets, prophets, kings and warriors have been among the most revered members of Pashtun society. Early written records of Pashto began to appear around the 16th century.
Today, Lodhi are mainly found in Afghanistan and some parts of Pakistan (mainly Northern Pakistan).