Log Cabin Republicans

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Log Cabin Republicans
Log Cabin Republicans Logo.jpg
Abbreviation LCR
Motto Inclusion Wins
Formation 1977 (1977)
Type Republican, LGBT
Headquarters Washington, D.C.[1]
Region served United States
Executive Director Gregory T. Angelo
Affiliations Republican Party
Website logcabin.org

The Log Cabin Republicans (LCR) is an organization that works within the Republican Party to advocate equal rights for gays and lesbians in the United States. The group's constituency supports the Republican Party and advocates for the rights of gay and lesbian Americans.[2][3]

On February 15, 2013, the National Board of Directors named Gregory T. Angelo as Executive Director.[4]

History[edit]

Log Cabin Republicans was founded in 1977 in California as a rallying point for Republicans opposed to the Briggs Initiative, which attempted to ban homosexuals from teaching in public schools. In addition to sanctioning the termination of openly gay and lesbian teachers, the proposed legislation authorized the firing of those teachers that supported homosexuality.[5]

While mounting his imminent presidential campaign, Ronald Reagan publically expressed his opposition to the discriminatory policy. Reagan’s contention of the bill—epitomized in an op-ed piece in a California newspaper—played an influential role in the eventual defeat of the Briggs Initiative.[6]

In the midst of this victory, gay conservatives in California created the Log Cabin Republicans. The group initially proposed to name themselves Lincoln Club, but found that name was already in use by another California Republican organization. Thus, the name Log Cabin Republicans was chosen as an alternative title. This designation calls attention to the first Republican president, Abraham Lincoln. The Log Cabin Republicans suggest that Lincoln founded the Republican Party on the philosophies of liberty and equality. These principles, Log Cabin argue, are consistent with their platform of an inclusive Republican Party.[7]

1992 presidential election[edit]

The 1992 Log Cabin Republican convention was held in Spring, Texas, a Houston exurb. The main point of discussion was whether or not LCR would endorse the re-election of President George H. W. Bush. The group voted to deny that endorsement because Bush did not denounce anti-gay rhetoric at the 1992 Republican National Convention.[8]

1996 presidential election[edit]

In August 1995, the campaign of Republican presidential candidate, Bob Dole, returned the LCR's $1,000 campaign contribution.[9] The campaign returned the contribution after openly lesbian columnist, Deb Price, of the Detroit News, asked about it after she saw it on a public report from the Federal Elections Commission. The campaign sent a written statement to Price saying that Dole was in "100% disagreement with the agenda of the Log Cabin Republicans."[10] The finance office of the campaign had solicited the contribution from LCR. At the event where it was given, Dole had personally spoken with LCR's then-executive director, Rich Tafel, about the group and about AIDS legislation it was promoting in the Senate. Weeks earlier, Dole agreed to co-sponsor the legislation after a meeting with Tafel at the campaign's headquarters.[11] It resulted in a front-page story in The New York Times, penned by Richard L. Berke, then-chief political reporter for the daily.[12]

As reporters, including Berke, were seeking confirmation of the story before it broke, Dole's finance chairman, John Moran, asked Tafel not to speak to the press and that Tafel's "steadfastness and statesmanship at this moment will be handsomely appreciated in the long run by the campaign." Tafel refused.[13]

Pundits accused Dole of being a "flip-flopper and a hypocrite."[14] Editorials ran in major newspapers, including the Washington Post, The New York Times, the Boston Globe, the Atlanta Journal Constitution, and the Times of London, condemning Dole's action, joined by radio commentators Rush Limbaugh and Don Imus.[15][16] Under the pressure, Dole admitted during an October 1995 press briefing on Capitol Hill that he regretted the decision to return the check, and that his campaign was responsible for it without consulting him.[17] "I think if they'd have consulted me, we wouldn't have done that, wouldn't have returned it," Dole said.[18] Dole later told Washington Post editor and author Bob Woodward that the LCR episode was a "mistake" because the decision to return the check "gets into Bob Dole the person. It's not so much about Bob Dole the candidate. It's the person. Is he tolerant? Does he tolerate different views? Tolerate someone with a different lifestyle?" He added, "This is basic, this is what people ought to know about you. Are you going to just do this because it sounds good politically?"[19]

LCR's leadership met with Dole's coalitions manager to discuss an endorsement after Dole's reversal.[20] Among various items, Tafel demanded there be no gay bashing in the speeches from the podium of the 1996 Republican National Convention, nor any anti-homosexual signs on the convention floor. He also wanted to see a gay person address the convention and a public request from Dole's campaign for the LCR nod.[21] On the closing night of the Convention, Stephen Fong, then-president of the San Francisco chapter, spoke at the dais as part of a series of speeches from "mainstreet Americans," but was not publicly identified as gay.[22] Nevertheless, his presence on the podium for the organization and for the gay and lesbian community "was something that would have been unimaginable four years earlier," Tafel later wrote.[22] Two days later, Dole spokesperson Christina Martin told a reporter that the campaign "welcomed the endorsement of the Log Cabin Republicans."[22] LCR voted to endorse Dole for President, and then-Republican National Committee chairman Haley Barbour approved the use of the RNC's press briefing room for Tafel, LCR's convention delegates and officers of its national board to announce their decision.[22]

Later in the campaign, Tafel met with Dole's chief aide Sheila Burke, and the remaining demands LCR made for their endorsement were met. In a statement released by LCR, and confirmed to reporters by the campaign, Dole had pledged to maintain an executive order prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in the federal workforce and full funding for AIDS programs.[22]

2004 presidential election[edit]

Due to his support of the Federal Marriage Amendment, the group declined to endorse the reelection of George W. Bush in 2004.[8] The proposed amendment would have constitutionally defined marriage as exclusively between one man and one woman.[23] Bush's defense of the FMA led the group to vote 22 to 2 against an endorsement of his reelection.[24] The Palm Beach County chapter in Florida did endorse him, resulting in the revocation of their charter.[25]

2008 presidential election[edit]

In September 2008, LCR voted to endorse the John McCain-Sarah Palin ticket in the 2008 presidential election. LCR President Patrick Sammon said the most important reason for their support was McCain's opposition to the proposed constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage.[26]

2012 presidential election[edit]

On 23 October 2012, LCR officially endorsed Mitt Romney despite Mr. Romney's commitment to a constitutional amendment barring gays and lesbians from marriage nationwide and the objection to the repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell.[27] In a public statement, LCR said it supported Romney due to the "gravity of the economic and national security issues currently at stake." Moreover, LCR expressed its hope that Romney would reconsider his opposition to the Employment Non-Discrimination Act but he did not.[28]

Log Cabin Republicans v. United States[edit]

A lawsuit filed by LCR in federal court challenging the "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell" (DADT) policy, which excludes homosexuals from openly serving in the U. S. military, went to trial on July 13, 2010, presided by Judge Virginia Phillips. LCR argued that the policy violates the rights of homosexual military members to free speech, due process and open association.[29] The government argued that DADT was necessary to advance a legitimate governmental interest.[30] LCR introduced several admissions by President Barack Obama, including that DADT "doesn’t contribute to our national security," "weakens our national security," and that reversing DADT is "essential for our national security". Rather than address plaintiff's claims or bring evidence to support their own claims of national interest, the government relied exclusively on the policy's 1993 legislative history.[31]

On September 9, 2010, Phillips ruled in favor of plaintiffs, finding that DADT violates the First and Fifth Amendments to the United States Constitution.[32][33]

On September 29, 2011, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit vacated the district court's decision, ruling that the legislative repeal of "don't ask, don't tell" by President Barack Obama and the outgoing Democratic congressional majority in December 2010 rendered the case moot. The dismissal left the lower court ruling without value as precedent.[34]

Platform[edit]

LCR acts under the statement: "We are loyal Republicans. We believe in limited government, strong national defense, free markets, low taxes, personal responsibility, and individual liberty. Log Cabin Republicans represents an important part of the American family—taxpaying, hard working people who proudly believe in this nation’s greatness. We also believe all Americans have the right to liberty and equality. We believe equality for LGBT Americans is in the finest tradition of the Republican Party. We educate our Party about why inclusion wins. Opposing gay and lesbian equality is inconsistent with the GOP’s core principles of smaller government and personal freedom."[35]

On social issues, LCR either dissents from socially conservative Republican views or is neutral. On matters relating to gay and lesbian rights, LCR advocates for same-sex marriage, tax equity for domestic partner benefits, and the permanent repeal of the estate tax.[36] The LCR website also contains an 'Equality Map' giving information on state laws in areas from employment discrimination and relationship recognition to hate crimes protections and anti-bullying laws.[37]

LCR takes no official position on abortion.[38]

On the issue of national defense: "Log Cabin Republicans believe in a confident foreign policy and a strong national defense. As the world’s sole military superpower, it is vital that the United States remain ready and able to shoulder its responsibilities in the global arena while standing as a beacon of freedom. Log Cabin Republicans call attention to the cruel and abusive treatment of gays and lesbians worldwide, particularly as it coincides with authoritarian regimes renowned for supporting terrorism and disregarding other basic human rights."[39]

Membership[edit]

Chapters[edit]

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger addresses Log Cabin Republicans.

Since 1977, LCR has expanded across the United States and has 34 chapters, representing 26 states and the District of Columbia:[40]

California[edit]

The California Log Cabin Republicans supported Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger during his term. The Log Cabin Republicans PAC raised $10,000 for "Californians for Schwarzenegger" in 2006.[41]

In late February, 2008, gay and lesbian activists led by Log Cabin Republican leaders lobbied Governor Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver to publicly oppose the Family Research Council's Anti-Gay Marriage initiative.[42]

Criticism[edit]

LCR has been criticized for failing to promote Republican principles. Focusing on "the battle for gay and lesbian civil rights" at its March–April 2005 convention and Liberty Education Forum National Symposium, panel topics included "Corporate Diversity"; "Family Fairness"; and "Is Sexual Orientation a Choice?" This caused two Washington Post opinion columnists to observe that "the Log Cabin Republicans are looking less and less Republican."[25]

At the same time the Log Cabin Republicans were criticized by advocates of gay rights and marriage equality for endorsing Republican candidates who advocated new limitations on the legal rights of gay Americans as well as the retention of current discriminatory laws and policies.[43]

Some in the LGBT community have expressed dissatisfaction with LCR, viewing LCR as a centrist organization and not an organization representing LGBT conservatives. In 2009, two former LCR members, Christopher R. Barron and Jimmy LaSalvia formed GOProud, an organization representing LGBT conservatives and libertarians.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Offices & Contact Information". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  2. ^ Log Cabin’s Guerriero Talks Aggressive Strategy[dead link]
  3. ^ About Us Log Cabin Republicans.
  4. ^ "Gregory T. Angelo Named Log Cabin Republicans Executive Director". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  5. ^ "Reagan and Milk". The American Spectator. 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  6. ^ "Our Hero". The Ronald Reagan Assemblies of Florida. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  7. ^ "Our History". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  8. ^ a b Anderson, Lisa (April 19, 2004). "Gays long loyal to GOP agonize over supporting Bush". Chicago Tribune. 
  9. ^ Barron, C. 2004. A Big Question For Republicans, Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide Vol. 11. P.27-29
  10. ^ Tafel, p. 167–168.
  11. ^ Tafel, p.164–166
  12. ^ Woodward, p. 251.
  13. ^ Tafel, p. 168.
  14. ^ Rich, Frank "The Log Cabin Lesson". New York Times, October 21, 1995. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
  15. ^ Tafel, p. 169–170.
  16. ^ Woodward, p. 251.
  17. ^ Tafel, p. 171.
  18. ^ Woodward, p. 284.
  19. ^ Woodward, p. 286.
  20. ^ Tafel, p. 172.
  21. ^ Tafel, p. 173
  22. ^ a b c d e Tafel, p. 174.
  23. ^ "Bush calls for ban on same-sex marriages". CNN. February 25, 2004. 
  24. ^ "Log Cabin nixes Bush, others endorse Kerry". PrideSource. 2004-09-16. 
  25. ^ a b Allen, Mike; Milbank, Dana (March 27, 2005). "Log Cabins Go Against the GOP Grain". The Washington Post. 
  26. ^ Jacobson, Louis (September 2, 2008). "Log Cabin Republicans Endorsing McCain Today". Roll Call. 
  27. ^ "We Are Americans First". Log Cabin Republicans. October 23, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Log Cabin Republicans Endorse Mitt Romney". Huffington Post. 2012-10-23. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  29. ^ Watson, Julie (July 13, 2010). "Log Cabin Republicans Challenge DADT". Huffington Post. 
  30. ^ Law.com: Constitutional Challenge to 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' Reaches Trial
  31. ^ Woods, Daniel (2010-07-23). "Closing arguments, Log Cabin Republicans v. United States of America" (PDF). Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  32. ^ "Judge: Military's ban on gays is unconstitutional". Associated Press. 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  33. ^ "Judge declares U.S. military's 'don't ask, don't tell' policy openly banning gay service members unconstitutional". The Los Angeles Times. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  34. ^ Levine, Dan (September 29, 2011). "U.S. court vacates ruling on gays in military". Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Log Cabin Republicans: What We Believe". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  36. ^ "LGBT Legislation". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  37. ^ "Equality Map". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  38. ^ "LOG CABIN REPUBLICANS ADOPT NEUTRAL POSITION ON ABORTION". THE PRO-LIFE ALLIANCE OF GAYS AND LESBIANS. August 27, 1999. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  39. ^ "National Defense". Log Cabin Republicans. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  40. ^ "Join a Chapter". logcabin.org. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  41. ^ "ElectionTrack: Californians For Schwarzenegger". Retrieved 2006-12-20. 
  42. ^ Davis, Ryan J. (April 15, 2008). "The Great California Gay Marriage Shift". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  43. ^ http://www.advocate.com/politics/marriage-equality/2012/10/21/romney-still-supports-federal-marriage-amendment

External links[edit]