Logan's Raid

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Battle of Springfield
Part of the Northwest Indian War
Date October 1786
Location near Springfield, Ohio
Result American victory
Belligerents
Shawnee Kentucky Kentucky militia
Commanders and leaders
Moluntha General Benjamin Logan
Strength
Unknown 790
Casualties and losses
10 killed
31 captured [1]+1 killed later {Moluntha}

Logan's Raid was a military expedition early in the Northwest Indian War. In the fall of 1786, under orders from George Rogers Clark, General Benjamin Logan led a force of Federal soldiers and mounted Kentucky militia against several Shawnee towns[2] in the Ohio Country along the Mad River, protected primarily by noncombatants while the warriors were raiding settlements in Kentucky. Logan's force burned the Indian towns and food supplies, and killed or captured a considerable number of Indians, including the chief of the Mekoche division of the tribe, Moluntha, who was soon murdered by one of Logan's men,[3] reportedly in retaliation for the Battle of Blue Licks in the American Revolutionary War. Moluntha had recently signed the Treaty of Fort Finney at the beginning of the year, and had raised an American flag over his lodge. When the Logan's force attacked, he had calmly surrendered himself and his family, holding a copy of the treaty as a testament to his peaceful relationship with the United States.[4] Militia Colonel Hugh McGary had participated in the Battle of Blue Licks in August 1782, and when the weak resistance offered by the Shawnee villagers had ended, he approached the elderly chief and asked if he had been present at the battle. "Moluntha had not been there, but he misunderstood the question and seemed to indicate otherwise. McGary, a hotheaded soldier whose irresponsibility had been a cause of that defeat, angrily felled the old chief with a hatchet and, as he tried to regain his feet, killed him with a second blow and scalped him."[5] Logan's Raid and the death of their chief angered the Shawnees, who retaliated by further increasing their attacks on the whites, escalating the war.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michigan Historical Collections pp.37-38
  2. ^ Esarey, Logan, and William F. Cronin. History of Indiana from Its Exploration to 1922. Dayton: Dayton Historical, 1922, 107.
  3. ^ Roosevelt, Theodore. The Winning of the West. Kessinger Publishing's Rare Reprints. Whitefish: Kessinger, 2004, 53.
  4. ^ Richard White, The Middle Ground: Indians, Europeans, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991) 440.
  5. ^ John Sugden, Blue Jacket: Warrior of the Shawnees (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000) 75.

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