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The area was once part of the plantation of James Logan, adviser to William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. Modern transportation formed the community: the Broad Street Subway, which opened in 1928, and a thriving network of streetcar and bus routes, allowed development of what was then considered one of the earliest suburban communities in Philadelphia, though the area is considered urban today. The transportation network still provides Logan residents easy access to the rest of the city.
Logan had been a predominantly Jewish neighborhood until the 1970s. 11th Street was a center of commerce with two bakeries, a deli, and a dairy store. Broad Street had three movie theaters. In the 1970s, Korean people began moving into Logan and established businesses. By the mid-1980s Koreans began moving out of Logan and into sections such as Olney in Philadelphia, and nearby suburbs such as Cheltenham as the area began to gentrify, as African-Americans and Hispanics, which accompanied the migration of Koreans into the neighborhood from the previous decade, began to populate the area, as Koreans began to migrate out of the Logan section and into the nearby suburbs further from Philadelphia.
Centered approximately on the intersection of Broad Street and Lindley Avenue, the neighborhood is bordered by the Hunting Park neighborhood to the south, Ogontz to the west, Feltonville to the east, and Olney to the north. It is bordered in the south by Wingohocking Street, in the west by Broad Street, in the north by Fisher Avenue, and in the east by Front Street. The terrain is generally flat. Wingohocking Creek flows under Wingohocking Street along Logan's southern border.
The population of about 5,700 people live predominantly in single-family homes of row and semi-detached houses arranged along a rectangular grid of streets. The area has seen economic decline, and there is an approximately 20% vacancy rate in housing units.
As of the census of 2010, the racial makeup of Logan is 59.7% African American, 29.1% Hispanic, 5.4% Asian, 3.9% white, and 2% from other races. The neighborhood is mainly made up of African Americans and Puerto Ricans. The population of Logan decreased by 14% between the 1990 and 2000 censuses, in large part because of the razing of numerous row homes, which were sinking into the landfill on which they were built.
Primary and secondary schools
It is a part of the School District of Philadelphia.
Principal public schools are the Birney Elementary School at 9th Street and Lindley Avenue and (formerly Jay Cooke Junior High School) Jay Cooke Elementary School at 13th and Louden Streets And Logan Elementary (currently in a different region as defined by the School District of Philadelphia) and Thurdgood Marshall Elementary.
St. Vincent dePaul School is a private school.
The principal hospital is Albert Einstein Medical Center (AEMC), also a significant employer in the region. As of Autumn 2008, Quality Community Health Care has opened the Cooke Family Health Center. CFHC is open to residents of Logan and the surrounding area located within Jay Cooke Elementary School.
In the past factories were clustered in a few areas; historically they were diverse, and included Mrs. Smith's Pies on Lindley Avenue and the Fleer Baseball Card Gum Company near 10th Street and Lindley. Four block commercial districts of retailers and neighborhood businesses stretch along Broad Street and the parallel Old York Road.
Logan Redevelopment Area, in the southern part of the Logan neighborhood, is a 21-acre (85,000 m2) area that was completely demolished due to unsafe subsidence caused by engineering deficiencies and poor foundation issues with the original construction. The city condemned about 957 homes in this large area and demolished them in the mid-1980s, leaving only a ghostly grid of rectangular streets as a reminder of the former urban landscape. The area is slated for commercial redevelopment. As of January 28, 2013 the City of Philadelphia has abandoned those redevelopment plans, and this area remains an eye sore to passing drivers on the Roosevelt Boulevard express way.
Notable Logan residents
- The late David Goodis, author of many noir novels of the Forties and Fifties, including Dark Passage and Shoot the Piano Player
- Kaufman, Marc. "'Koreatown': From Logan Into Olney." The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 13, 1986. 1. Retrieved on July 31, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Logan Redevelopment Area Plan." Philadelphia City Planning Commissiom. May 2002. 1 (document page 3). Retrieved on August 2, 2011. "The neighborhood is generally defined as including the area from Wingohocking Street north to Olney Avenue and from Broad Street east to the railroad right-of-way east of Marshall Street. Logan extends west to 16th Street north of Lindley Avenue, where Wakefield Park forms the boundary."
- "Logan Branch." School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on October 19, 2012.
- Logan Redevelopment Area Plan. Philadelphia: PA: Philadelphia City Planning Commission, May, 2002.
- 1976 Bulletin Almanac. Philadelphia, PA: Evening and Sunday Bulletin, 1976.
- Finkel, Kenneth (ed) (1995). Philadelphia Almanac and Citizens' Manual (1995 edition ed.). Philadelphia: Library Company of Philadelphia. pp. 156–170. ISBN 0-914076-89-2.
- "Logan & Wagner," Ryan Caviglia, New Colonist
- Aerial perspective from Virtual Earth including northern edge of the Logan Redevelopment Area
- Aerial perspective from Virtual Earth of Broad St & Lindley Avenue
- Logan Redevelopment Area Plan