|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
|Neighborhood of Philadelphia|
Central High School in Logan
|Area code(s)||Area code 215|
Logan is a neighborhood in the upper North Philadelphia section of the city of Philadelphia, in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Majority of the neighborhood falls within the 19141 zip code, but some of it falls within 19120. The neighborhood is sometimes confused with the Olney neighborhood of Philadelphia. Olney Avenue extends from both the Olney and Logan neighborhoods of the city. Olney Transportation Center is actually located in Logan. The transportation center is named after Olney Avenue.
The area was once part of the plantation of James Logan, adviser to William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. Modern transportation formed the community: the Broad Street Subway, which opened in 1928, and a thriving network of streetcar and bus routes, allowed development of what was then considered one of the earliest suburban communities in Philadelphia, though the area is considered urban today. The transportation network still provides Logan residents easy access to the rest of the city.
Logan had been a predominantly Jewish neighborhood until the 1970s. 11th Street was a center of commerce with two bakeries, a deli, and a dairy store. Broad Street had three movie theaters. In the 1970s, Korean people began moving into Logan and established businesses. By the mid-1980s Koreans began moving out of Logan and into sections such as Olney in Philadelphia, and nearby suburbs such as Cheltenham as the area began to gentrify, as African-Americans and Hispanics, which accompanied the migration of Koreans into the neighborhood from the previous decade, began to populate the area, as Koreans began to migrate out of the Logan section and into the nearby suburbs further from Philadelphia.
The neighborhood is bordered by the Hunting Park (north philly) neighborhood to the south, the Germantown (NW philly section) neighborhood to the west, Olney (north philly) to the east, West Oak Lane (NW philly section) to the North, and Fernrock (North philly)to the northeast. The terrain is generally flat. Wingohocking Creek flows under Wingohocking Street along Logan's southern border.
The population of about 5,700 people live predominantly in single-family homes of row and semi-detached houses arranged along a rectangular grid of streets. The area has seen economic decline, and there is an approximately 20% vacancy rate in housing units.
As of the census of 2010, the racial makeup of Logan is 59.7% African American, 29.1% Hispanic, 5.4% Asian, 3.9% white, and 2% from other races. The neighborhood is mainly made up of African Americans and Puerto Ricans. The population of Logan decreased by 14% between the 1990 and 2000 censuses, in large part because of the razing of numerous row homes, which were sinking into the landfill on which they were built.
Primary and secondary schools
It is a part of the School District of Philadelphia.
Elementary schools: Birney Elementary School, Jay Cooke Elementary School,Logan Elementary,Thurdgood Marshall Elementary, and the St. Vincent dePaul School.
College: La Salle University, a private, co-educational, Roman Catholic university founded in 1863 by the Christian Brothers religious order. La Salle is home to the Explorers.
The principal hospital is Albert Einstein Medical Center (AEMC), also a significant employer in the region. As of Autumn 2008, Quality Community Health Care has opened the Cooke Family Health Center. CFHC is open to residents of Logan and the surrounding area located within Jay Cooke Elementary School.
In the past factories were clustered in a few areas; historically they were diverse, and included Mrs. Smith's Pies on Lindley Avenue and the Fleer Baseball Card Gum Company near 10th Street and Lindley. Four block commercial districts of retailers and neighborhood businesses stretch along Broad Street and the parallel Old York Road.
Logan Redevelopment Area, in the southern part of the Logan neighborhood, is a 21-acre (85,000 m2) area that was completely demolished due to unsafe subsidence caused by engineering deficiencies and poor foundation issues with the original construction. The city condemned about 957 homes in this large area and demolished them in the mid-1980s, leaving only a ghostly grid of rectangular streets as a reminder of the former urban landscape. The area is slated for commercial redevelopment. As of January 28, 2013 the City of Philadelphia has abandoned those redevelopment plans, and this area remains an eyesore to passing drivers on the Roosevelt Boulevard express way.
Notable Logan residents
- The late David Goodis, author of many noir novels of the Forties and Fifties, including Dark Passage and Shoot the Piano Player
- Kaufman, Marc. "'Koreatown': From Logan Into Olney." The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 13, 1986. 1. Retrieved on July 31, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Logan Redevelopment Area Plan." Philadelphia City Planning Commissiom. May 2002. 1 (document page 3). Retrieved on August 2, 2011. "The neighborhood is generally defined as including the area from Wingohocking Street north to Olney Avenue and from Broad Street east to the railroad right-of-way east of Marshall Street. Logan extends west to 16th Street north of Lindley Avenue, where Wakefield Park forms the boundary."
- "Logan Branch." School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on October 19, 2012.
- Logan Redevelopment Area Plan. Philadelphia: PA: Philadelphia City Planning Commission, May, 2002.
- 1976 Bulletin Almanac. Philadelphia, PA: Evening and Sunday Bulletin, 1976.
- Finkel, Kenneth (ed) (1995). Philadelphia Almanac and Citizens' Manual (1995 edition ed.). Philadelphia: Library Company of Philadelphia. pp. 156–170. ISBN 0-914076-89-2.
- "Logan & Wagner," Ryan Caviglia, New Colonist
- Aerial perspective from Virtual Earth including northern edge of the Logan Redevelopment Area
- Aerial perspective from Virtual Earth of Broad St & Lindley Avenue
- Logan Redevelopment Area Plan