Logan family (historical)

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The Logan family is a group of Americans descended from Warren Logan and his wife Adella Hunt Logan.

He was born into slavery in Virginia in 1857,[1] and described in 1877 as a Tuskegee Normal School teacher in a party who tried unsuccessfully to exercise their first-class train tickets between Montgomery and Selma, Alabama[2] He became the first treasurer of Tuskegee Institute in 1882, and is described as the closest confidante of institute's head, Booker T. Washington. His granddaughter, Adele, describes her memories of knowing him, apparently in his 80s around 1940.[1]

His wife was born Adella Hunt May 5, 1863 in Sparta, Georgia, graduated from Atlanta University in 1881 with some financial help from her white farmer father, became a teacher at Tuskegee in 1883,[3] and succeeded Olivia A. Davidson as Lady Principal when, in 1885, Davidson married Washington. Hunt and Logan were married in 1888. She is remembered for her essay, published in 1902 and titled

What Are the Causes of the Great Mortality Among the Negroes of the Cities of the South, and How Is That Mortality to Be Lessened?[4][5]

In 1915, she was hospitalized for depression, returned to the institute in response to news of Washington's illness (of which he died on November 14), and killed herself by jumping from one of the school buildings' top floor on December 12.

Warren and Adella had had nine children; six survived into adulthood.

  • The youngest of these was Arthur C. Logan (c. 1905 -1973). He became a surgeon, personal physician to Duke Ellington from 1937 on,[6] and to Billy Strayhorn. He was the one most specifically honored by Strayhorn's composition "U.M.M.G. (Upper Manhattan Medical Group)", among the founders and partners of the ground-breaking clinic the tune was named for.
  • Marian Bruce (1919- November 25, 1993),[6] who became the wife of Arthur, was a cabaret singer and recording artist, then NAACP activist, Board member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Democratic campaign worker, and head of the New York City Commission on Human Rights in 1977-'79. (She appears and speaks in the American Experience 1991 documentary film Duke Ellington: Reminiscing in Tempo)[7]
  • Arthur and Marian had one child, a son, Warren Arthur (born 1963).[8] Adele Logan Alexander is the daughter of Arthur Logan and Wenonah Bond Logan, his wife in a previous marriage.


  1. ^ a b Adele Logan Alexander, "Keynote Address - The American Way of Education and My Own History", pp. 6, 8-9, and 10 (PDF pages 3-5) in Founder’s Day - May 2, 2003, Ethical Culture Fieldston School, 2003
  2. ^ "Railroads and the Making of Modern America", University of Nebraska-Lincoln transcription of "Outrage in Alabama", New York Freeman, April 21, 1877
  3. ^ African-American Registry
  4. ^ Mrs. Warren Logan on Southern African American Urban Mortality - 1902
  5. ^ Culp, Daniel Wallace (1902). Twentieth century Negro literature; or, A cyclopedia of thought on the vital topics relating to the American Negro. Atlanta: J.L. Nichols & Co. p. 199. 
  6. ^ a b GoogleBooks excerpt from Composer's voices from Ives to Ellington: an Oral History of American Music, p. 404, Vivian Perlis & Libby Van Cleve, 2005, Yale Univ. Press.
  7. ^ Quotes from her appearance are in "Review/Television; The Duke Ellington Behind Closed Doors", New York Times, December 9, 1991 and GoogleBooks excerpt from Listen to the Stories: Nat Hentoff on Jazz and Country Music, Nat Hentoff, Da Capo Press, 2000, pp. 10-11.
  8. ^ a b "Julie Lizabeth Wagman Is Married To Warren Arthur Logan in New York", New York Times, September 15, 1991