Loganair

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Loganair
Loganair.png
IATA
LM
ICAO
LOG
Callsign
LOGAN
Founded 1962
AOC # 2105
Hubs Glasgow International Airport
Focus cities Edinburgh Airport
Inverness Airport
Kirkwall Airport
Sumburgh Airport
Stornoway Airport
Aberdeen Airport
Campbeltown Airport
Norwich Airport
Frequent-flyer program Rewards4all
Airport lounge Flybe Executive Lounge
Subsidiaries Suckling Airways
Fleet size 28
Destinations 31
Headquarters Glasgow International Airport, Scotland, UK
Key people Scott Grier OBE - President
Website www.loganair.co.uk

Loganair Limited is a Scottish airline with its registered office on the grounds of Glasgow International Airport in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland.[1] Its tag line is Scotland's Airline. Loganair operates scheduled services under a Flybe franchise in mainland Scotland and Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles, and to Donegal Airport in Ireland. It also provides services for the Scottish Air Ambulance Service and night mail services on behalf of Royal Mail. In addition to its main base at Glasgow, the airline has hubs at Edinburgh Airport, Inverness Airport, Dundee Airport and Aberdeen Airport.[2]

The company holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence. It is permitted to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats.[3] Loganair was founded in 1962 and, despite the ownership of the company changing hands on several occasions, it has always operated under the same name and callsign making it the United Kingdom's oldest operating airline.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Loganair was established on 1 February 1962 as the air taxi service of the Logan Construction Company Ltd, operating a single Piper Aztec from Edinburgh to the city of Dundee. Almost immediately, it was apparent that there was a demand for scheduled services in addition to the primary role as an air taxi, and Loganair's fleet grew accordingly. As the network expanded to take in more remote islands and communities, Loganair's scheduled network began to emerge.

In 1964 Loganair commenced an inter-island scheduled network in Orkney, and a similar network in Shetland began in 1970.[citation needed] In 1966, after Renfrew Airport closed, the airline established its head office at Glasgow Airport.[4] The airline's strong association with these island communities continues today. Air ambulance services were established in 1967 covering Coll, Colonsay, Oronsay, Mull and Oban. Loganair continued to maintain its relationship with the Scottish Ambulance Service and continued to provide air ambulance cover with dedicated Britten-Norman Islander aircraft at Glasgow, Kirkwall and Lerwick. However, this aspect of operations ceased on 31 March 2006 when a new contract was awarded to Gama Aviation.

Under the ownership of the Royal Bank of Scotland between 1968 and 1983, the Loganair network developed its now familiar shape in serving the Highlands and Islands. The growth was spurred by the rationalisation program that British Airways commenced in 1975 with the transfer of "thin" routes[clarification needed] to Loganair. Loganair's scheduled network grew, and Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles were served comprehensively from Glasgow and Edinburgh, and mainland routes were now firmly established. In 1979, Loganair launched an air service between Glasgow and Derry, with Northern Ireland becoming the focus of expansion, as the stage was now set for the next major step forward — a hub of business routes.

Firmly established as Scotland's Airline, new horizons were sought, and in 1980 Loganair took over the Belfast to Edinburgh route from British Airways (BA). In 1981, Loganair faced the might of the flag carrier BA and competed on the Glasgow to Belfast route, stealthily managing to win market share by transferring its operations to Belfast City Airport. Manchester, England then became the focus of attention as Loganair commenced daily services to Edinburgh, Belfast City and Glasgow.

With business traffic representing an ever-increasing proportion of Loganair's annual passenger carryings, Loganair acquired larger aircraft: the Shorts 360 and Fokker Friendship. In September 1983, the British Midland Group took a controlling interest in Loganair and, riding a wave of success and optimism, the time came for Loganair to enter the jet market. The BAe 146-200 jet, known as the "Whisper Jet", was at the forefront of short-haul aircraft technology, providing a high level of passenger comfort and load-carrying capacity, and two jets were brought into the fleet to expand the growing network to include services to the Channel Islands and mainland Europe. In December 1983 it became a subsidiary of the Airlines of Britain Group.

The fleet continued to grow with the acquisition of BAe Jetstream 31, BAe Jetstream 41, and BAe ATP aircraft, and in the late 1980s Loganair had a comprehensive schedule and charter network. Loganair became the second busiest airline at Manchester, the dominant carrier at Belfast City airport, and a significant player in the development of scheduled services at Southampton. With aircraft utilisation being such a vital factor, Loganair also secured contracts with the Post Office for the night movement of mail and datapost.

However, the promising Eighties gave way to the turbulent Nineties, and a reorganisation of British Midland Group activities in 1994 saw the transfer of Loganair's cross-border services and associated aircraft to Manx Airlines (Europe). This consolidation of services led to the formation of a new airline, British Regional Airline (BRA Ltd). July 1994 also saw the significant forging of a relationship between Loganair and British Airways in Scotland, as Loganair became British Airways' second franchise operator, with the residual Scottish internal routes being flown in British Airways livery. Whilst the company was still under the ownership of the British Midland Group, a further transfer of the main internal Scottish services took place in 1996.

The route network and operations that were left under the control of Loganair, with aircraft including one de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and five Britten Norman Islanders, were subject to a management buy-out in 1997.

In June 2005, Loganair was awarded a contract from the Irish Government to operate a daily return service from Knock, County Mayo to Dublin. This public service obligation route operated for a period of three years as British Airways, with effect from 22 July 2005. The operation ceased in July 2008, the contract having been lost to Aer Arann.

The airline continued to expand, and in November 2003 it announced its intention to purchase a tranche of routes from British Airways' Citiexpress subsidiary with effect from March 2004.[5] The seven routes acquired from British Airways Citiexpress were Glasgow - Stornoway, Glasgow - Benbecula, Glasgow - Belfast, Glasgow - Isle of Man, Glasgow - Aberdeen, Aberdeen - Shetland and Edinburgh - Belfast. Loganair continued to operate BA's BAe ATPs on these services until 28 May 2005, when further Saab 340 aircraft were purchased to replace them.

There were also services to Belfast City Airport and to Birmingham, England from Dundee, which ended on 2 December 2012.[6]

On 8 July 2011, it was announced that Loganair had agreed to purchase Cambridge based ScotAirways. ScotAirways continued to trade as a separate entity (using its original name of Suckling Airways) and holding its own licences and approvals until April 2013.[7] [8]

World's shortest scheduled flight[edit]

Loganair operates the world's shortest scheduled flight, Loganair Flight 353, taking only two minutes to hop between Westray Airport and Papa Westray Airport.

Beach landing[edit]

Twin Otter landing on the beach at Barra Airport

Services to Barra are dependent on the tide, as the Twin Otter aircraft used on the route land on the beach. The Twin Otters continue to be used by the company due to their ability to land and depart on this unique 'runway' environment.

Franchise operation[edit]

A Loganair Saab 340 in Flybe livery

Until October 2008 Loganair was a British Airways franchisee, operating flights sold through BA using BA flight codes. Loganair participated in BA's Executive Club and BA Miles programme, and was an affiliate member of Oneworld. Loganair's inter-island operations between the Orkney and Shetland Islands carried out using Britten-Norman Islanders was removed from the franchise agreement in 2004. The flights have since been marketed under Loganair's own name, rather than British Airways'.

Loganair became a franchise airline of Flybe, operating in the Flybe colours on all routes.[9] Flights are also operated under a codeshare agreement with British Airways connecting flights from Scotland to London.

Destinations[edit]

Main article: Loganair destinations

Fleet[edit]

Loganair Saab 340A in the airline's own livery

The Loganair fleet includes the following aircraft (at June 2014):[10][11]

Loganair Fleet
Aircraft Passengers Total
Britten-Norman Islander 8 2
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 19 2
Dornier 328 31/32 5
Saab 340A Freighter 2
Saab 340B 34 14
Saab 2000 50 3
Total 28

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 12 June 1986, a DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft with 16 people on board[12] struck high ground on the island of Islay in poor weather. The pilots had mistakenly identified the coastal village of Laphroaig as the town of Port Ellen, near Islay's Glenegedale Airport. There was one fatality, a pilot.[13]
  • In 1996, a Britten-Norman Islander was destroyed in Shetland. The accident occurred during a night time recovery to the aircraft's home base following a medical evacuation flight. The aircraft crashed short of the runway whilst attempting to land after a previous discontinued approach in strong gusting cross winds. The pilot had exercised his discretion to extend the period for which he was allowed to fly that day. The pilot's medical certificate had expired nineteen days earlier thus invalidating his pilot's licence. The pilot was killed in the crash. The doctor was seriously injured. A nurse seated at the rear of the aircraft sustained minor physical injuries.[14]
  • On 27 February 2001, a Short 360 operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast serial number G-BNMT, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730GMT. Both crew members were killed, but there were no passengers on board. An Air Accidents Investigation Branch(AAIB) inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines for the crash. Protective covers had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.[15][16]
  • On 23 March 2001, the pilot of a Britten-Norman Islander aircraft was incapacitated in flight following his exposure to an improperly used hazardous chemical. The aircraft was landed safely when the single pilot on board recovered sufficiently, but he required hospitalisation. Loganair did not submit an accident report to the AAIB as required, but did submit an account to the Civil Aviation Authority. Loganair acknowledged that its report "contains errors" and that a corrected report would be submitted. This was not done. The case features in the report of the Parliamentary Select Committee for Transport.[17]
  • On 18 December 2010, a Britten-Norman Islander carried out a visual approach to land at Kirkwall Airport. During the final stages of the approach, the pilot lost visual references as the aircraft was enveloped in a snow shower. Although he could not see the runway, the pilot elected to continue the landing. The aircraft landed 20m away from the runway.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statutory Information." Loganair. Retrieved on 20 May 2009. "Registered Office: St. Andrews Drive, Glasgow Airport PAISLEY Renfrewshire PA3 2TG"
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 106. 
  3. ^ "Type A Operating Licence Holders". United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Hutchison, Iain. The Story of Loganair. Kea Publishing, 1987. 82. Retrieved from Google Books on 30 June 2010. ISBN 0-906437-14-8, ISBN 978-0-906437-14-8.
  5. ^ "Scots carrier Loganair lands seven BA routes". The Scotsman. 28 November 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Argo, Andrew (25 October 2012). "Loganair/Flybe withdrawal is a major blow for Dundee Airport". The Courier. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.loganair.co.uk/loganair/press-office/117/loganair-acquires-uk-charter-specialist-suckling-airways
  8. ^ "Glasgow-based Loganair buys Cambridge charter Suckling". BBC News. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair". Flybe Press Office. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  10. ^ CAA Aircraft Database
  11. ^ Griffiths, Rosalind (25 September 2013). "Loganair adds larger planes to fleet". Shetland Times. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Review of General Aviation Fatal Accidents 1985-1994". CAA. March 1997. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  13. ^ Aviation-Safety.net database entry
  14. ^ AAIB Bulletin: 11/96
  15. ^ "Air Accidents Investigation: 2/2003 G-BMNT". AAIB. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Plane crash crew found dead". BBC News. 27 February 2001. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Transport Select Committee written evidence, 2006
  18. ^ http://www.aaib.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/2_2006__g_bomg.cfm
  19. ^ AAIB Bulletin: 4/2011

External links[edit]