Loganair

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Loganair
Loganair.png
IATA
LM[1]
ICAO
LOG
Callsign
LOGAN
Founded 1962
AOC # 2105
Hubs Glasgow International Airport
Focus cities Edinburgh Airport
Inverness Airport
Kirkwall Airport
Sumburgh Airport
Stornoway Airport
Aberdeen Airport
Campbeltown Airport
Norwich Airport
Frequent-flyer program Rewards4all
Airport lounge Flybe Executive Lounge
Fleet size 28
Destinations 31
Headquarters Cirrus Building, 9 Marchburn Drive, Paisley, PA3 2SJ, Scotland, UK
Key people Stewart Adams - CEO
Website www.loganair.co.uk

Loganair Limited is a Scottish airline with its registered office on the grounds of Glasgow International Airport in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland.[2] Its tag line is Scotland's Airline. Loganair operates scheduled services under a Flybe franchise in mainland Scotland and Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles, and to Donegal Airport in Ireland. It also provides services for the Scottish Air Ambulance Service and night mail services on behalf of Royal Mail. In addition to its main base at Glasgow, the airline has hubs at Edinburgh Airport, Inverness Airport, Dundee Airport and Aberdeen Airport.[3]

The company holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence. It is permitted to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats.[4] Loganair was founded in 1962 and, despite the ownership of the company changing hands on several occasions, it has always operated under the same name and callsign making it the United Kingdom's oldest operating airline.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Loganair was established on 1 February 1962 by the Logan Construction Company Ltd, operating as its air charter arm[5] with a Piper PA-23 Aztec based at Edinburgh.

In 1967 Loganair began flights between the Orkney islands,[6] and started operating in the Shetlands in 1970.[citation needed] In 1966, after Renfrew Airport closed, the airline established its head office at Glasgow Airport.[7][8] This aspect of Loganair's operations ceased on 31 March 2006 when the new contract for air ambulance work was awarded to Gama Aviation.

Between 1968 and 1983 the company was owned by the Royal Bank of Scotland.

Loganair bought Shorts 360 and Fokker F27 aircraft. The company brought jets into the fleet with two British Aerospace 146es. In December 1983 it became a subsidiary of the Airlines of Britain Group.

Further aircraft were added to the fleet: BAe Jetstream 31, BAe Jetstream 41, and BAe ATP aircraft. In the late 1980s Loganair was the fastest growing scheduled operator at Manchester airport, and, in terms of number of flights, was was the airport's second busiest carrier.[9]

After a restructure of British Midland Group in 1994, Loganair's routes outside Scotland and the aircraft used operate them were transferred to Manx Airlines. This consolidation of services led to the formation of a new airline, British Regional Airline (BRA Ltd).

In 1997, with Loganair now consisting of six aircraft (one de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and five Britten Norman Islanders) and 44 staff, a management buy-out occurred.[10]

In June 2005, Loganair was awarded a contract from the Irish Government to operate a daily return service from Knock, County Mayo to Dublin. This public service obligation (PSO) route operated for a period of three years as British Airways, with effect from 22 July 2005. The operation ceased in July 2008, the contract having been lost to Aer Arann.

The airline bought routes from Citiexpress in March 2004.[5] It flew BA's BAe ATPs on them until 28 May 2005, when further Saab 340 aircraft were purchased to replace them.

There were also services to Belfast City Airport and to Birmingham, England from Dundee, which ended on 2 December 2012.[11]

On 8 July 2011, it was announced that Loganair had agreed to purchase Cambridge based ScotAirways. ScotAirways continued to trade as a separate entity (using its original name of Suckling Airways) and holding its own licences and approvals until April 2013.[12] [13]

After CityJet had terminated its services between Dundee and London City Airport in January 2014, Loganair took over the route with the support of a PSO agreement.[14]

Twin Otter landing on the beach at Barra Airport

Franchise operation[edit]

A Loganair Saab 340 in Flybe livery

Until October 2008 Loganair was a British Airways franchisee, operating flights sold through BA using BA flight codes. Loganair's inter-island operations between the Orkney and Shetland Islands carried out using Britten-Norman Islanders was removed from the franchise agreement in 2004. The flights have since been marketed under Loganair's own name, rather than British Airways'.

Loganair became a franchise airline of Flybe, operating in the Flybe colours on all routes.[15][16] Flights are also operated under a codeshare agreement with British Airways connecting flights from Scotland to London.

Destinations[edit]

Main article: Loganair destinations

Fleet[edit]

Loganair Saab 340A in the airline's own livery

The Loganair fleet includes the following aircraft (at June 2014):[17][18]

Loganair Fleet
Aircraft Passengers Total
Britten-Norman Islander 8 2
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 19 2
Dornier 328 32 5
Saab 340A Freighter N/A 2
Saab 340B 34 14
Saab 2000 50 3
Total 28

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 12 June 1986, a DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft with 16 people on board[19] struck high ground on the island of Islay in poor weather. The pilots had mistakenly identified the coastal village of Laphroaig as the town of Port Ellen, near Islay's Glenegedale Airport. There was one fatality, a pilot.[20]
  • In 1996, a Britten-Norman Islander was destroyed in Shetland. The accident occurred during a night time recovery to the aircraft's home base following a medical evacuation flight. The aircraft crashed short of the runway whilst attempting to land after a previous discontinued approach in strong gusting cross winds. The pilot had exercised his discretion to extend the period for which he was allowed to fly that day. The pilot's medical certificate had expired nineteen days earlier thus invalidating his pilot's licence. The pilot was killed in the crash. The doctor was seriously injured. A nurse seated at the rear of the aircraft sustained minor physical injuries.[21][8]
  • On 27 February 2001, a Short 360 operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast serial number G-BNMT, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730GMT. Both crew members were killed, but there were no passengers on board. An Air Accidents Investigation Branch(AAIB) inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines for the crash. Protective covers had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.[22][23]
  • On 23 March 2001, the pilot of a Britten-Norman Islander aircraft was incapacitated in flight following his exposure to an improperly used hazardous chemical. The aircraft was landed safely when the single pilot on board recovered sufficiently, but he required hospitalisation. Loganair did not submit an accident report to the AAIB as required, but did submit an account to the Civil Aviation Authority. Loganair acknowledged that its report "contains errors" and that a corrected report would be submitted. This was not done. The case features in the report of the Parliamentary Select Committee for Transport.[24]
  • On 18 December 2010, a Britten-Norman Islander carried out a visual approach to land at Kirkwall Airport. During the final stages of the approach, the pilot lost visual references as the aircraft was enveloped in a snow shower. Although he could not see the runway, the pilot elected to continue the landing. The aircraft landed 20m away from the runway.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IATA Code search, selecting "airline name" as the search parameter and "Loganair" as the search term. Search conducted 17 February 2015
  2. ^ "Contacts: Statutory Information". Loganair. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 106. 
  4. ^ "Type A Operating Licence Holders". United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Scots carrier Loganair lands seven BA routes". The Scotsman. 28 November 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Loganair is like no other airline – where dogs scurry under seats for take-off, geese scatter across runways and the view from the window catches at the heart". The Scotsman (Johnston Press). 29 April 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Hutchison, Iain. The Story of Loganair. Kea Publishing, 1987. 82. Retrieved from Google Books on 30 June 2010. ISBN 0-906437-14-8, ISBN 978-0-906437-14-8.
  8. ^ a b c "Two missing after air ambulance crash". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). 15 March 2005. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  9. ^ Imrie, Ian (18 May 1989). "Loganair joins airport protest". The Herald (Newsquest). Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  10. ^ Ranscombe, Peter (16 January 2013). "Adams lands chief executive’s job at Loganair while Harrison pilots board". The Scotsman (Johnston Press). Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  11. ^ Argo, Andrew (25 October 2012). "Loganair/Flybe withdrawal is a major blow for Dundee Airport". The Courier. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Loganair acquires UK charter specialist Suckling Airways" (Press release). Loganair. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Glasgow-based Loganair buys Cambridge charter Suckling". BBC News. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Loganair to link to Dundee to London with daily flights". BBC News (BBC). 6 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair" (Press release). Flybe. 14 January 2008. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. 
  16. ^ "Loganair ties up deal with Flybe". The Scotsman (Johnston Press). 14 January 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "CAA Aircraft Database: GINFO Search Results Summary". United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  18. ^ Griffiths, Rosalind (25 September 2013). "Loganair adds larger planes to fleet". Shetland Times. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Review of General Aviation Fatal Accidents 1985-1994". CAA. March 1997. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  20. ^ Aviation-Safety.net database entry
  21. ^ AAIB Bulletin: 11/96
  22. ^ "Air Accidents Investigation: 2/2003 G-BMNT". AAIB. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Plane crash crew found dead". BBC News. 27 February 2001. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  24. ^ Transport Select Committee written evidence, 2006
  25. ^ http://www.aaib.gov.uk/publications/formal_reports/2_2006__g_bomg.cfm
  26. ^ AAIB Bulletin: 4/2011

External links[edit]