Loggia

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For the surname, see Loggia (surname). For the collections of religious sayings, see Logia.
The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznań served representative and communication purposes.

A loggia (UK /ˈlɒiə/, US /ˈlə/, Italian: [ˈlɔddʒa]) is an architectural feature that refers to an exterior gallery or corridor at ground level, sometimes higher, on the façade of a building and open to the air on one side, where it is supported by columns or pierced openings in the wall.

From the early Middle Ages, nearly every Italian comune had an open arched loggia in its main square which served as a "symbol of communal justice and government and as a stage for civic ceremony".[1]

Definition[edit]

The loggia of the Ospedale degli Innocenti, a 15th-century hospital in Florence, Italy.

The loggia can also be an alternative to the portico. In this form, it is mostly described as a recessed portico or an internal room with piercings along the outer wall making it open to the elements.

A "double loggia" occurs when a loggia is found on the second floor level above a loggia on the main floor.

Loggias were sometimes given significance on a façade by being surmounted by a pediment.

The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows access to the inside from the exterior and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. The loggia is accessed only from inside making it a place for leisure. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings.

Villa Godi by Palladio. A loggia is the focal point in place of a portico in the center and used again at each side of the structure as a corridor.

A classic use of both is that represented in the Mosaics of Basilica of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo of the Royal Palace.

A mosaic found in the chapel of the 6th-century Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy depicts a loggia.
Loggia shape serliana, Palazzo di Brera in Milan, Italy

Examples[edit]

  • In Italian architecture, loggias often take the form of a small often ornate summer house built on the roof of a residence to enjoy cooling winds and the view. They were especially popular in the 17th century and are prominent in Rome and Bologna, Italy.
  • At the archeological site of Hagia Triada on the Greek island of Crete, several loggias constructed around 1400 BC have been located and whose column bases still remain.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ackerman, James S. (1966). Palladio. Harmondsworth: Penguin. p. 120. 
  2. ^ Balcony improvements, Pro-Remont home-improvement site in Russian
  3. ^ Vasilakis, Antonis. Phaistos. Vasilis Kouvidis - Vasilis Manouras Editions, Iraklio, p. 118 ISBN 960-86623-6-2

References[edit]

  • Curl, James Stevens (2006). A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (paperback) (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 880. ISBN 0-19-860678-8. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of loggia at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Loggias at Wikimedia Commons