Logic forms are simple, first-order logic knowledge representations of natural language sentences formed by the conjunction of concept predicates related through shared arguments. Each noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition and conjunction generates a predicate. Logic forms can be decorated with word senses to disambiguate the semantics of the word. There are two types of predicates: events are marked with e, and entities are marked with x. The shared arguments connect the subjects and objects of verbs and prepositions together. Example input/output might look like this:
Input: The Earth provides the food we eat every day. Output: Earth:n_#1(x1) provide:v_#2(e1, x1, x2) food:n_#1(x2) we(x3) eat:v_#1(e2, x3, x2; x4) day:n_#1(x4)
- Vasile Rus (2002). Logic Form for WordNet Glosses. Ph.D. thesis, Southern Methodist University.
- Vasile Rus and Dan Moldovan (September 2002). "High performance logic form transformation". International Journal for Tools with Artificial Intelligence. IEEE Computer Society, IEEE Press 11 (3): 437–454.
- Dan Moldovan and Vasile Rus (2001). "Logic Form transformation of wordNet and its Applicability to question answering". "Proceedings of ACL 2001, Toulouse, France".
- Jerry R. Hobbs (1986). "Overview of the TACITUS project". "Computational Linguistics". pp. 12(3).
- Vasile Rus (2004). "A First Evaluation of Logic Form Identification Systems" (PDF). "SENSEVAL-3: Third International Workshop on the Evaluation of Systems for the Semantic Analysis of Text".