Logroño

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For the town in Ecuador, see Logroño, Ecuador.
Logroño
Skyline of Logroño
Flag of Logroño
Flag
Official seal of Logroño
Seal
Logroño is located in Spain
Logroño
Logroño
Location in Spain.
Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556
Country Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja
Comarca Rioja Media
Government
 • Mayor Concepción Gamarra (PP)
Area
 • Total 79.57 km2 (30.72 sq mi)
Elevation 384 m (1,260 ft)
 • Density 1,821/km2 (4,720/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2)
Website http://www.logro-o.org
336 km (209 mi) to Madrid; Fuero given in 1095

Logroño (Spanish pronunciation: [loˈɣɾoɲo]) is a city in northern Spain, on the Ebro River. It is the capital of the autonomous community of La Rioja, formerly known as La Rioja Province.

The population of the city in 2008 was 153,736 while the metropolitan area included nearly 197,000 inhabitants. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted, and also produces wood, metal, and textile products.

Geography[edit]

Logroño is located in the northern region of La Rioja, on the river Ebro, 384 metres (1,260 feet) above sea level. The Camino de Santiago passes through the city. The geographical coordinates of the city are: 42° 27´ N, 2° 29´ W.

The city lies 152 kilometres (94 mi) from Bilbao, 172 kilometres (107 mi) from Zaragoza, 336 kilometres (209 mi) from Madrid and 468 kilometres (291 mi) from Barcelona.

Climate[edit]

The city's weather is moderated by its location in the valley of the river Ebro, and its weather conditions are typical of the continental Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperature is 13.5 °C (56 °F). The temperature in winter can drop to about five degrees below zero, while in summer it can exceed thirty-five degrees. The average annual precipitation is 400 mm (15.75 in).[1] The winds that affect the city are as follows: the northerly Cierzo, the southerly Ábrego, the easterly Solano, and the westerly Castellano. Intermediate winds are the northeasterly Navarrico, the northwesterly Regañón, the southwesterly Burgalés and the southeasterly Soriano.

History[edit]

Puente de Piedra.

Logroño was an old settlement, first of the Romans, under the name of Vareia,[2] a commercial port, and then of the Celts. From the 10th century, possession of Logroño was disputed between the kings of Navarre and those of Castile; the region was finally annexed to Castile. Alfonso VI of Castile granted Logroño in 1095 a charter of rights that served as a model for other Spanish cities. In 1609 and 1610 Logroño was the main seat of the Basque witch trials, part of the Spanish Inquisition.

Famous people from Logroño include Manuel Bretón de los Herreros, Fausto Elhúyar, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Rafael Azcona, Ramón Castroviejo, Pedro J. Ramírez, Navarrete "El Mudo".

Economy[edit]

Con-catedral de Santa María de la Redonda.

Logroño is the shopping and financial capital of La Rioja. Its economy is heavily reliant on wine. It is twinned with Dunfermline, Fife, Darmstadt, Libourne, Dax, Hagunia, Rancagua, Ciudad de La Rioja, Brescia. The new airport Logroño-Agoncillo connects the city with Madrid and Barcelona.

Food[edit]

Logroño has one of the most distinguished culinary traditions in Spain. There are over 50 taperías (tapas restaurants) located within a 4 block area, near the town center. The traditional tapas restaurants often serve only one tapa [such as seta (mushroom), served as pincho - pintxo in Basque - meaning one serving, or media ración ("half portion"), a small plate of tapas], but offer different wines by the glass, usually all from the Rioja D.O..

Places of interest[edit]

Façade of Parliament of La Rioja in Logroño.
Santa María de Palacio Church.

Recreation (plazas and parks)[edit]

  • Paseo del Príncipe de Vergara (El Espolón): Located in the financial center of the capital and positioned in the center by the statue of General Espartero.
  • Town Square: Located on the Avenue of Peace, the modern Town Hall of Logroño, designed by architect Rafael Moneo, is in a large plaza where in years past it has seen numerous public acts, festivals, expositions, concerts, and in the last few years, during Christmas, a life size reconstruction of the nativity scene.
  • Carmen Park: Located near the bus station, this park is one of the most beautiful of the city with its variety of flora and fauna including several ducks and birds.
One of the Palaces of Espolón.
  • Plaza del Mercado: Located somewhere near Calle Portales, one of the most famous avenues of the city, at the foot of the Round Cathedral. This is where the nightly festivals of Logroño occur, near Calle Mayor (Marqués de San Nicolas Street).
  • Parque del Ebro: Located near the Ebro, an extensive park full of vegetation ideal for relaxing. Also has a bike path traversing through the park.
  • Parque de la Ribera: Next to Parque del Ebro, recently constructed. Here many gardens are found alongside the Plaza de Toros de la Ribera). Also: Riojaforum

Palacio de Congresos y Auditorio de La Rioja

  • Parque de San Miguel
Parque del Ebro.

Social life[edit]

Calle del Laurel, known as "the path of the elephants" and Calle San Juan are typical streets where various restaurants and tapas bars offer some of the best pinchos and tapas in northern Spain. Calle Portales is the main street in the old town, where people like to walk and sit in the terraces to eat a meal or drink wine. Calle Marqués de San Nicolás (otherwise known as Calle Mayor) is the main area where people spend weekend nights.

Broadcasting stations[edit]

Southwest of Logroño, at 42°26'34"N 2°30'43"W, there is a mediumwave broadcasting station with a transmission power of 20 kW. There may exist a longwave transmitter with 300 metres tall masts at Logroño with 300 metres tall masts transmitting RNE Todo Noticias on 207 kHz.

Sports[edit]

Triple jumper Carlota Castrejana is from the city. David Lopez Moreno, the Brighton & Hove Albion midfielder is from Logroño.

Festivals and traditions[edit]

The patron saint of Logroño is Santa María de la Esperanza.

The most important festivals are:

  • San Bernabé (Saint Barnabas), celebrated on June 11, commemorating the victory and resistance of Logroño against French invaders under Francis I that besieged the city in May and June 1521. During this celebration, fried trout is typically served by the Fish Brotherhood, along with bread and wine, allegedly the only foodstuffs available in Logroño during the siege.
  • San Mateo, celebrated between September 20 and September 26. Since 2006 the celebrations start the Saturday before September 21 (the day of Saint Matthew) and last for a week.

During the first week of January there is a cultural festival known as "ACTUAL" with music, theater and art.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns—sister cities[edit]

Logroño is twinned with:

Transport[edit]

The city is served by the new Logroño railway station.

In popular culture[edit]

In the 4th season of the HBO television series True Blood, the witch Antonia is from Logroño. She refers to herself as Antonia Gavilan de Logroño.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Weather in Logroño". Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Keay, S., R. Mathisen, H. Sivan, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 246729 (Vareia?)". Pleiades. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  4. ^ A-Z Twinning and Networking (. Accessed 2010-11-02.)
  5. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]