|Elevation||647 m (2,123 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Santali|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Lohardaga is a town and the district headquarters of Lohardaga district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, west of Ranchi, the state capital. Earlier (early 1900s) Lohardaga was the commissionary headquarters for Chotanagpur. (See:) It was only later that the commissionary of Chotanagpur was shifted to Ranchi. The commissioner's office still exists and it houses the Lohardaga Municipality office.
As of 2001[update] India census, Lohardaga had a population of 46,204. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lohardaga has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 66%. In Lohardaga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Government administration structure
The Deputy Commissioner is the head of the district administration and is ex officio chairman of various societies, agencies that are involved in the development of the district. Various societies and the Governmental agencies which are in the direct control of the Deputy Commissioner are DRDA, MESO, Central Sponsored Social Sector Schemes, Welfare Schemes, Total Literacy Mission and Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Various Societies constituted for Health Services. Among NGOs PRADAN<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PRADAN> and LGSS are active in the District. PRADAN works with over 8,000 families around issus of micro-irrigation, decentralised poultry, dairy, commercial agriculture, etc. and has been active in this district since 1992
No panchayat elections have been held in the State after 72/73rd amendments in the Constitution of India. Therefore as per the direction of the Government, Deputy Commissioner is ex officio Chairman of District Rural Development Agency which plans, implements, supervises and monitors various Central Sponsored and State Sponsored Schemes. The DDC is ex officio Managing Director of DRDA as well as Chief Executive Officer. There are five blocks in the district. On the block level BDOs are involved in developmental works of the respective blocks. Under the BDOs, there are Panchayatsewak and Jansewaks at the panchayat level.
Besides the agencies which have been described above there are various line departments which also plan, implement, supervise and monitor the schemes as per the instructions of their department. They are Agriculture, Soil Conservation, Forest, Welfare, Fisheries, Education, P.H.E.D., R.E.O., P.W.D.(Road), Minor Irrigation, Co-operative, Electricity, Telecommunication, Industries and Mining. Also there is a Meso office to implement various developmental schemes for the tribals. All these line departments though work under their respective controlling officer of the department, they are indirectly under control of the District Administration. Almost every line departments has a divisional office at the district level. There is also a 20-Point programme implementation committee at the district level under the Chairmanship of Minister of the State Government, who is appointed by the State Government. Deputy Commissioner is ex officio secretary of the committee. This committee supervises, monitors, the implementation of the schemes of the line department.
Lohardaga has been a land of intellectuals and great leaders. It has produced freedom fighters, thinkers, intellectuals,businessmen, teachers and visionaries. Some of the eminent personalities include Late Shiv Prasad Sahu politician and businessman, Late Sri Lalit Oraon a very good leader, Anamol Kumar Lal an extraordinary teacher and mathematician, Harikrishna Lal a freedom fighter, ex MLC, ex VC Ranchi University.. The people of Lohardaga have always contributed to the intellectual, social and economic state of Jharkhand. Especially the work done by Shri Sitaram Sharma in the area of public service is exemplary. Lohardaga is the birthplace of 1857 Mutity hero pandey Ganpat Roy, who fought against the British under the leadership of Thakur vishwanath shahdeo, the rebel landlord of jagannathpore, Ranchi. Babu kunwar singh visited lohardaga frequently to his sister's in-laws and encouraged local freedom fighters, including his brother in law Thakur Jagannath shahdeo, a prominent freedom fighter, martyred in 1858 fighting against the British in Kakrang valley in Lohardaga. It has been the workplace of Tana Bhagat's freedom movement, inspired by Gandhism.
Some renowned schools of Lohardaga include
- Gandhi Memorial +2 High School, Maradih, Kuru
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir
- Lievens Academy
- DAV Public School
- Nadia Hindu Ucch Vidyalaya
- Sen's Triveni Public School
- Greater Triveni Public school
- Triveni Tiny Task
- Triveni Girls Convent
- Ursuline Convent
- Chunni Lal High School
- WhiteHat IITS
Divine spark public school
Chunni lal high school is one of the first high schools opened in lohardaga with its first visionary principal being late shri Haicharan Sahu. Saraswati shishu and vidya mandir is the best two school in the town in every aspect like education, discipline.Since its induction is the city, it has been coming to nurture its student careers.Many students from Saraswati vidya mandir are now doctors, engineers, in army and civil services. DAV Public School and Sen's Triveni Public School are the two good schools in Lohardaga. DAV Public School and Sen's Triveni Public School are English-medium school.
Lohardaga has two colleges, B.S. College and Women's College. M.L.A Women's College has been imparting education to the girls of this tribal dominated backward district since 1981,but still awaits Govt's favour and facilities. B.S College offers higher educations in Science, Arts and Commerce stream but fails to perform up to the marks in all the three faculties. Dr.(Mrs) Mukul Rani Singh one of the eminent educationists in Jharkhand was amongst the first few ladies to come to Lohardaga in the early 1960s. She served with B.S. College as Head of Department till the mid 1990s. Her stay in Lohardaga made a significant impact on the psyche of the locals and promoted girl deucation in the region. Dr. (Mrs) Mukul Rani Singh, died of cancer in the year 1994. That's why most of the students of Lohardaga who are keen to pursue higher studies move to Ranchi, the state capital, which houses a number of good schools and colleges offering higher education.
The nearest airport is at the state capital Ranchi, 70 km away. Lohardaga is connected to the state capital, Ranchi, by road and rail. Lohardaga Station is the Railway station serving the city of Lohardaga. The 68 km railway track was converted from metre gauge to broad gauge in 2005. The track is planned to be extended 44 km more to connect with Tori railway station in Chandwa district. This would reduce the railway distance between Ranchi and Delhi and the railway travel time by three hours. However the construction of a tunnel under the hill between Lohardaga and Tori has not been completed even in a decade. The track has been laid only for 14 km from Lohardaga to Barkichampi and laying of the track on the remaining 30 km running through dense forests has been delayed by terrorist actions of maoists.
Lohardaga, being a very small and unnoticed district, faces a plethora of problems that are an impediment to the progress of this district. The biggest problem that Lohardaga faces is the lack of quality education. With a few private schools imparting satisfactory education, most of the government schools lack even a decent infrastructure, leave apart the quality of teachers. The government schools face many other problems like unavailability of good faculty and irregularities on the part of teachers, lack of good facilities (e.g. good labs and libraries), and lack of competitiveness among schools. The second prominent problem that Lohardaga faces is that of an extremely poor electrical supply. The main reason behind this is the lack of government attention towards Lohardaga's development. Lack of proper electricity supplies also weakens Lohardaga's economic scenario. The third major problem is lack of pure and quality drinking water. This is the main cause of lots of water borne diseases. The fourth major challenge that Lohardaga faces is of lack of opportunities. This has created a massive unemployment in and around the district headquarters and has given rise to problems such as Naxalism and Excessive Politicism. Unemployed youth finding no ways to earn their bread and butter jump into antisocial practices like naxalism or they jump into politics without any specific purpose just to make money. This has led to the factionalisation of Lohardaga. These youths when become politicians and come in power still lack in ethics and values and lead to big scams in all the public works.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Lohardaga
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.