in That Hagen Girl trailer (1947)
|Born||Lois Ruth Hooker
14 February 1927
Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
|Died||29 September 2007
Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia
|Cause of death||Bowel Cancer|
|Other names||Lois Maxwell-Marriott|
|Spouse(s)||Peter Churchill Marriott
(1957–1973) (his death)
Maxwell began her film career in the late 1940s, and won a Golden Globe Award for the New Actress of the Year for her performance in That Hagen Girl (1947). Following a number of small film roles, Maxwell grew dissatisfied and travelled to Italy where she worked in films from 1951 until 1955, and following her marriage, she moved to the United Kingdom where she appeared in several television productions.
She was the first actress to play the role of Miss Moneypenny in the James Bond film series, playing the character from Dr. No in 1962 until her final performance of the character in the 1985 film A View to a Kill.
As Maxwell's career declined, she lived in Canada, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, until she was diagnosed with bowel cancer in 2001. She moved to Perth, Western Australia where she lived with her son until her death in 2007, at the age of eighty.
Life and career 
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
Early life 
Born Lois Ruth Hooker in Kitchener, Ontario to parents who were a nurse and a teacher, she grew up in Toronto and attended Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute. Dissatisfied with the yields of baby sitting jobs, Lois set her sights on something more lucrative and landed her first job working as a waitress at Canada's largest and most luxurious summer resort, Bigwin Inn, on Bigwin Island in Lake of Bays, Ontario. During World War II, she ran away from home at the age of fifteen to join the Canadian Women's Army Corps, a unit formed to release men for combat duties. CWAC personnel were secretaries, vehicle drivers and mechanics, and performed all conceivable non-combat duties. Maxwell quickly became part of the Army Show in Canada, and later as part of the Canadian Auxiliary Services Entertainment Unit she was posted to the United Kingdom, performing music and dance numbers to entertain the troops, often appearing with Canadian comedians Wayne and Shuster. The truth about her age was discovered when the group reached London, and in order to avoid repatriation to Canada she was discharged and then enrolled at the prestigious Royal Academy of Dramatic Art where she became friends with fellow student Roger Moore.
Travelling to Hollywood at the age of twenty, she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star Of The Year - Actress for her role in the Shirley Temple comedy That Hagen Girl, and she participated in a 1949 Life Magazine photo layout in which she posed with another up-and-coming actress named Marilyn Monroe. It was at this time that she changed her surname to Maxwell, a name she borrowed from a ballet dancer friend. The rest of her family also adopted the name Maxwell.
Most of her work was minor roles in B movies. Having tired of Hollywood, she moved back to Europe, living in Rome for five years from 1950 to 1955. There she made a series of films, and at one point became an amateur racing driver. One of her Italian films was a 1953 adaptation of the opera Aida in which Maxwell played a leading role, lip-synching to another woman's opera vocals and appearing in several scenes with a pre-stardom Sophia Loren, who also performed to another person's singing. While on a trip to Paris, she met her future husband, television executive Peter Marriott; they were married in 1957 and moved to live in London. Their daughter Melinda (born 1958) and son Christian (born 1959) were both born in London. Marriott, a former commander of the Viceroy of India's household troops, had himself been screen-tested by Cubby Broccoli as a potential James Bond.
During the 1960s, she appeared in many other television series and movies both in Britain and Canada, and was the star of Adventures in Rainbow Country later that decade. She guest starred in episodes of The Saint and The Persuaders! which both starred Roger Moore. Maxwell also had a secondary role in Stanley Kubrick's Lolita. She provided the voice of Atlanta for the science fiction children's series Stingray in 1963. In 1965, Maxwell made a guest appearance in the "Something for a Rainy Day" episode of the ITC series The Baron, playing an insurance investigator. She also portrayed Moneypenny in a 1967 made-for-television special (produced by Eon Productions) titled Welcome to Japan, Mr. Bond.
Miss Moneypenny 
Maxwell lobbied for the role in the James Bond film Dr. No, as her husband had had a heart attack and they needed the money. Director Terence Young, who once had turned her down on the grounds that she looked like she "smelled of soap", offered her either Moneypenny or the recurring Bond girlfriend, Sylvia Trench, but she was uncomfortable with a revealing scene in the screenplay. The role as M's secretary guaranteed just two days' work at £100 a day; Maxwell supplied her own clothes. The Trench character, however, was eliminated after From Russia With Love.
In 1967, Maxwell angered Sean Connery for a time by appearing in the Italian spy spoof Operation Kid Brother with the star's brother Neil Connery and Bernard Lee. In 1971, Maxwell was nearly replaced for Diamonds Are Forever after demanding a pay raise; her policewoman's cap disguises hair she had already dyed for another role. However she continued in the role, as her former classmate Roger Moore took over the part of 007. In 1975, she played Moneypenny weeping for the death of James Bond in a short scene with Bernard Lee as M in the French comedy Bons baisers de Hong Kong. For the filming of A View to a Kill (1985), her final appearance, Bond producer Cubby Broccoli told her that the two of them were the only ones from Dr. No still working on the series. Maxwell asked that her character be killed off, but Broccoli recast the role instead. Her final Bond film was also Moore's last outing, and she was succeeded by Caroline Bliss during the Timothy Dalton era and later by Samantha Bond in the Pierce Brosnan films.
As Moneypenny, according to author Tom Lisanti, she was seen as an "anchor", with her flirtatious repartee with Bond lending the films realism and humanism. For Moneypenny, Bond was "unobtainable", freeing the characters to make outrageous sexual double entendres. At the same time, her character did little to imbue the series with changing feminist notions.
Later life 
In 1973, Maxwell's husband, who had long been ill following a serious heart attack in the early 1960s, died. Maxwell then returned to Canada, settling in Oakville, Ontario, where she wrote a column for the Toronto Sun under the Miss Moneypenny pseudonym and became a businesswoman working in the textile industry. In 1994, she returned to England once more in order to be near her daughter, and retired to a cottage in Frome, Somerset.
Later years and death 
Following surgery for bowel cancer in 2001, Maxwell moved to Perth, Australia to live with her son's family. She remained there, working on her autobiography, until her death at Fremantle Hospital, on 29 September 2007.
"It's rather a shock", long-time friend Roger Moore told BBC Radio 5 Live. "She was always fun and she was wonderful to be with and was absolutely perfect casting", he said of her role as Miss Moneypenny, going on to reference a comment attributed to Maxwell that she would have liked to have seen Moneypenny become the new M after Moore's retirement from the role. "It was a great pity that, after I moved out of Bond, they didn't take her on to continue in the Timothy Dalton films. I think it was a great disappointment to her that she had not been promoted to play M. She would have been a wonderful M."
- A Matter of Life and Death (1946) (uncredited film debut)
- That Hagen Girl (1947)
- Corridor of Mirrors (1948)
- Crime Doctor's Diary (1949)
- Aida (1953) (with Sophia Loren)
- Submarine Attack (1954)
- Satellite in the Sky (1956)
- Passport to Treason (1956)
- Time Without Pity (1957)
- Kill Me Tomorrow (1957)
- The Unstoppable Man (1960)
- Dr. No (1962)
- Lolita (1962)
- From Russia with Love (1963)
- The Haunting (1963)
- Goldfinger (1964)
- Thunderball (1965)
- You Only Live Twice (1967)
- Operation Kid Brother (1967)
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969)
- Diamonds Are Forever (1971)
- Endless Night (1972)
- Live and Let Die (1973)
- The Man with the Golden Gun (1974)
- Bons baisers de Hong Kong (From Hong Kong with Love) (1975)
- The Spy Who Loved Me (1977)
- Moonraker (1979)
- For Your Eyes Only (1981)
- Octopussy (1983)
- A View to a Kill (1985)
- The Fourth Angel (2001)
Television series 
- Danger Man (1960)
- Zero One (1962)
- The Avengers (1964)
- Ghost Squad (1964)
- Stingray (1964)
- Gideon's Way (1964)
- The Baron (1965)
- The Saint (1966)
- Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) (1969)
- Adventures in Rainbow Country (1969) - starring role
- Department S (1970)
- UFO (1971)
- The Persuaders! (1972)
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1987)
- "Bond star Lois Maxwell dies at 80". BBC News. 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- Tom Lisanti (2002). Film Fatales: Women in Espionage Films and Television, 1962-1973. Louis Paul. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-1194-5.
- Obituary, Telegraph, reprinted in The Age, 3 October 2007, Businessday, p. 13
- Alan Barnes (2000). Kiss Kiss Bang! Bang!: The Unofficial James Bond 007 Film Companion. Marcus Hearne. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. ISBN 0-7134-8645-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lois Maxwell|
- Lois Maxwell at the Internet Movie Database
- Lois Maxwell at Find a Grave
- Obituary in The Times, 1 October 2007
- Miss Moneypenny lives here, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 14 January 2005
(in Eon James Bond films)
1962 - 1985
1987 - 1989