31 August 1730
Gregorian and Bengali calendar of the year 1730
Kachua Dham, Basirhat, North 24 Parganas, West Begal, India
Barodi, Dhaka, Bengal, British India
Lokenath was born on or about 31 August 1730 (according to the Bengali calendar 18th Bhadra, 1137) on the holy day of Krishna Janmashtami in Kachua Dham North 24 Parganas. His father was Ramnarayan Ghoshal and his mother was Kamala Devi. Both his parents were devotional.
Baba Lokenath finished his meditations as he had attained Samadhi (highest meditation) meditating on the formless Brahman, rather than on any of the deities of the Hindu pantheon. He then went to the eastern part of India, and settled at a small town village called Barodi, near Dhaka in Bangladesh and started living at Dangu Kormokar’s house. Dangu Kormokar was a poor family, but after Baba Lokenath's stay with them, the family became quite affluent. When Baba Lokenath was new to the village, he was taunted by the villagers; though not long time after they found out his spiritual mastery and became his devotees. From this time on, his name went to many parts of India. His followers believe, at the age of 160, on June 1, 1890 C.E., Baba Lokenath took his mahasamādhi (intentional withdrawal of life).
Baba Lokenath said to his devotees: "রণে, বনে, জলে, জঙ্গলে যখনই বিপদে পড়িবে, আমাকে স্মরণ করিও, আমিই রক্ষা করিব ।" (“Whenever you are in danger, whether in war, forest, ocean or jungle, remember Me. I shall save you.”)
Baba Lokenath is almost a deity in Bengal comparable to the popularity of only Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, and his annual festival is held every year by millions of devotees and followers, in many ashrams and in millions of households through worship, keertan, yajna, food offerings and in many other religious ways on the 19th day of the Hindu month of Jyaishtha (falls mostly on June 2nd or 3rd).
First, Lokenath Baba's name was only heard in Bangladesh. Slowly it spread through various sources to different countries. The most notable among them is Nitya Gopal Saha(1900-1991) who came to India with a single picture of the deity and preached His name among men. He is so notable that a temple is built in his honor in Kachua Dham complex itself.
Controversy over Birthplace
There is a hud-to-hud competition (always!) between the birthplace of Lokenath Baba, i.e., Kachua Dham and his uncle's house, Chakla Dham. The people of Chakla Dham keep the fact that Lokenath Baba was born there and the people of Kachua Dham demand theirs. The controversy heated up in the first of 20th Century. Then, historians found a script written by Lokenath Baba writing:
"আমি লোকনাথ ব্রহ্মচারী. আমার বাড়ি চাকলায়." "I am Lokenath Brahmachari. I live in Chakla Dham."
Then, people begun to think that their 'God' had told them his living place but not his birthplace. Approximately in the first of the 20th Century, Nityagopal Saha came up with a case in the court associated with the birthplace of Lokenath Brahmachari. he won the case and from then on, Kachua Dham is known as the birthplace of Lokenath Baba.