FC Lokomotiv Moscow
|Full name||Футбо́льный клуб "Локомоти́в" Москва́
(Football Club Lokomotiv Moscow)
Parovozy (Steam Locomotives)
|Founded||12 August 1923|
|Ground||Lokomotiv Stadium, Moscow|
|Head Coach||Igor Cherevchenko (caretaker)|
|League||Russian Premier League|
|2014–15||Russian Premier League, 7th|
|Website||Club home page|
FC Lokomotiv Moscow (FC Lokomotiv Moskva, Russian: Футбо́льный клуб "Локомоти́в" Москва́ [fʊdˈbolʲnɨj klup ləkəmɐˈtʲif mɐˈskva], English: Locomotive) is a Russian football club based in Moscow. Lokomotiv Moscow won the Russian Premier League two times and the Russian Cup five times.
Lokomotiv won the Russian Premier League in 2002 (ending Spartak Moscow domination) and in 2004, the USSR Cup in 1936 and 1957, and the Russian Cup in 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2007 and 2015. The club was the league runner-up in 1959, 1995, 1999, 2000 and 2001, and finished third in 1994, 1998, 2005, 2006 and 2014. Lokomotiv was the Russian Super Cup holder in 2003 and 2005.
- 1 History
- 2 Performances in Europe
- 3 Players
- 4 League positions
- 5 Honours
- 6 Stadium
- 7 League and Cup history
- 8 Notable players
- 9 Club records
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Lokomotiv was originally founded as Kazanka (Moskovskaya-Kazanskaya Zh.D) in 1922. In 1924, the club united the strongest football players of several roads of the Moscow railway junction as KOR (Club of the October Revolution). In 1931, the club was again renamed to Kazanka (Moskovskaya-Kazanskaya Zh.D) and in 1936, it was eventually renamed to as it is known today, Lokomotiv. During the Communist rule, Lokomotiv Moscow club was a part of the Lokomotiv Voluntary Sports Society and was owned by the Soviet Ministry of Transportation through the Russian Railways.
When the Lokomotiv Voluntary Sports Society was created in 1936, its football team featured the best players of Kazanka, and a number of strong Soviet footballers of that time such as Valentin Granatkin, Nikolay llyin, Alexey Sokolov, Pyotr Terenkov, Mikhail Zhukov, llya Gvozdkov and Ivan Andreev. Lokomotiv debuted in the first ever Soviet football club championship with a game against Dynamo Leningrad on 22 May 1936. In the first two seasonal championships (spring and autumn), Lokomotiv finished fifth and fourth respectively. The first Lokomotiv success arrived shortly as in 1936, the railwaymen rose up to the occasion to beat Dynamo Tbilisi by 2 goals to nil in the Soviet Cup Final, and thus proclaim the first ever Soviet Cup.
The following years were rather successful as Lokomotiv were consistent in the national championships. However, performances after World War II suffered and actually in the space of five year Lokomotiv were relegated to the Soviet First League twice. In 1951, Lokomotiv came second and eventually won the promotion to the Soviet Top League. This kicked off the second Lokomotiv's resurgence and till the beginning of the sixties, the Lokomotiv competed for the highest trophies. Actually in 1957, Lokomotiv won the cup for the second time, and two years later, Lokomotiv won the silver medals of the Soviet League. Eventually the second place was the highest position ever obtained by Lokomotiv in Soviet era.
Another important trademark for Lokomotiv was the authorization of playing friendly matches against foreign opposition. This because up to the late fifties, international sports contacts of the Soviet teams were extremely rare. However, since in 1955 Lokomotiv became an original football ambassador of the Soviet Union abroad, Lokomotiv were allowed to play friendly matches in various parts of the world such as Europe, Asia, Africa and even North America. This resulted to be a great era for Lokomotiv and the squad included some of the finest Russian footballers of all time such as Vladimir Maslachenko, Gennady Zabelin, Eugeny Rogov, Valentin Bubukin, Victor Sokolov, Victor Voroshilov, Igor Zajtsev, Zaur Kaloyev, Yuri Kovalyov and Vitaly Artemyev. When Lokomotiv’s strongest players abandoned the club, Lokomotiv fell again from grace. A swing between the first and second division followed. This lasted until the end of the 80s.
In the beginning of the 1990s, Lokomotiv was considered the "weakest link" among top Moscow clubs. It lacked both results on the pitch and fans' support in the stands. However, head coach Yuri Semin and president Valeri Filatov were able to put the club's progress on a right track and thus installing Lokomotiv as the fifth wheel of the Moscow cart. Historically Lokomotiv wasn't considered to be a big club as Spartak, CSKA, Dynamo and Torpedo. With the former Soviet republics and their clubs gone, Lokomotiv took the opportunity to shine.
Solid performances in domestic league and several memorable campaigns in European Cups made Lokomotiv a superclub by Russian scales and brought back fans and supporters back to the stands. In 2002, a new stadium resembling a traditional, compact English one was built. The arena, still considered as being one of the most, if not the best and comfortable in Eastern Europe gave a huge boost to a club's fan growth rate. Eventually in 2009, the average attendance at the stadium was the second highest in Moscow.
In 2002 a "golden match" was needed to decide who will be the champion, as Lokomotiv Moscow and PFC CSKA Moscow both finished with the same amount of points after Gameweek 30. The game was played at Dynamo in front of a sold-out crowd. Lokomotiv took an early lead thanks a low drive from captain Dmitry Loskov, and eventually the goal turned out to be enough for Lokomotiv to claim the first title in the club's history.
Two years later, Lokomotiv Moscow won again the Russian Premier League by a single point over city rivals CSKA Moscow. Lokomotiv won the championship by defeating Shinnik Yaroslavl 2–0 in Yaroslavl, a week after CSKA slipped up against city rivals Dynamo Moscow at home.
In 2005 their head coach for many years, Yuri Semin, left them to coach the Russian national team and was replaced by Vladimir Eshtrekov. During that same year, although leading the league for most of the year, Lokomotiv, under Estrekhov stumbled in the last games and eventually let CSKA to overtake them and claim the title. Ultimately, with Lokomotiv finishing 3rd. Estrekhov was sacked and Slavoljub Muslin was called in to replace him. This was Loko's first foreign manager in the club's history. After a poor start, Lokomotiv recovered and finished third. Despite a respectable performance, Muslin was sacked. Anatoly Byshovets took the helm and Yury Semin returned to Lokomotiv as a president. This brought little success to Lokomotiv and the season was rather a disappointing one as Lokomotiv finished in the 7th place. The only bright point was the winning of the Cup. These poor performances prompted the Board of Directors to sack both coach Anatoly Byshovets and president Semin. Subsequently Rinat Bilyaletdinov acted as a caretaker coach. This lasted until 6 December 2006 as Lokomotiv brought Rashid Rakhimov from Amkar on a three year contract. However, this resulted to be yet another false move from the board as Lokomotiv were only capable of finishing 7th in 2008 and starting poorly the 2009 season. Unsurprisingly on 28 April 2009, Lokomotiv fired Rakhimov. Long-time serving player Vladimir Maminov was installed as a caretaker manager. A month later, Semin was brought back to the club to take charge. This appointment delivered immediate success to Lokomotiv as after a really poor start, Lokomotiv recovered and finished the season on a high, claiming fourth place in the process.
Before the 2011/12 league season, Semin left the club and was replaced by former PFC Spartak Nalchik manager, Yuri Krasnozhan. On 4 June 2011, rumours spread that Lokomotiv chairman Olga Smorodskaya suspected Krasnozhan of throwing away the home league game against FC Anzhi Makhachkala, played on 27 May and finished 1–2, and decided to fire him on the grounds of the suspicion. Lokomotiv was 5th in the table at that moment, just one point away from first-placed CSKA. On 6 July, after Lokomotiv Committee of Directors meeting, Krasnozhan's contract was officially terminated on the basis of "negligence in his job". Russian Football Union subsequently refused to investigate the case. Assistant manager Maminov once again took over on a caretaker basis until a replacement was found. This lasted about three weeks as José Couceiro became the new manager. However, Couceiro only lasted a year in the role as his contract was not renewed by the club. As Croatia head coach Slaven Bilić announced he would step down after Euro 2012, Loko acted quickly to sign him to a three year contract. However, Bilić's first season at the helm brought another disappointment, as Loko finished 9th claiming the lowest place in all history of its participation in Russian championships. So, before 2013-14 season club sacked Bilić and agreed contract with new head coach Leonid Kuchuk.
Performances in Europe
Lokomotiv reached the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final twice (in 1997/98 and 1998/99). The club also played in the 2nd group stage of the Champions league in 2002/03 season and lost by the away goal in the Champions League last 16 tie against AS Monaco in 2004. These were the best achievements of the club in the European cups so far.
Players loaned out
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Runners-up (1): 2008
- Runners-up: none
- 1974, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1987
- Runners-up (1): 1963
Lokomotiv play their home games at Lokomotiv Stadium. Its total seating capacity is 28,800 seats, all covered. The stadium was opened after reconstruction in 2002.
- Highest attendance recorded: 32,333 people
- Address: 107553, Moscow, Bolshaya Cherkizovskaya, 125
- Telephone: +7 (495) 161-4283
- Fax: +7 (495) 161-9977
League and Cup history
Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Lokomotiv.
- "Красножан может быть уволен из "Локо" (Krasnozhan may be fired from Loko)" (in Russian). Sport Express. 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Lokomotiv Moscow fires coach who reportedly is suspected of match-fixing". The Canadian Press. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Lokomotiv Moscow dismiss head coach Yuri Krasnozhan over alleged match fixing". sports.ru. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Официальная формулировка увольнения Красножана – "упущения, допущенные при работе" (Official wording of Krasnozhan's dismissal reason is "neglect of duties")" (in Russian). sports.ru. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Title contenders Lokomotiv Moscow sack coach". Eurosport. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Фурсенко: РФС не собирается вмешиваться в дела "Локомотива" (Fursenko: RFU won't interfere in Lokomotiv affairs)" (in Russian). championat.ru. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Leonid Kuchuk – New Head Coach of Lokomotiv". FC Lokomotiv Moscow. 18 June 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FC Lokomotiv Moscow.|
- (Russian) Official site
- (English) Official site
- (English) Fans' Organization "UnitedSouth"
- (Italian) Italian Blog