Lolland

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Lolland
Fuglsang 2008.jpg
Fuglsang Manor, now a major cultural centre on the island
Location map Lolland.svg
Geography
Location Baltic Sea
Coordinates 54°46′10″N 11°25′28″E / 54.76944°N 11.42444°E / 54.76944; 11.42444Coordinates: 54°46′10″N 11°25′28″E / 54.76944°N 11.42444°E / 54.76944; 11.42444
Area 1,243 km2 (480 sq mi)
Country
Region Region Zealand
Municipality Lolland Municipality, Guldborgsund Municipality
Largest settlement Nakskov (pop. 13.886)
Demographics
Population 62,578 (as of 2013)
Density 52.9 /km2 (137 /sq mi)

Lolland (formerly spelled Laaland) is the fourth largest island of Denmark, with an area of 1,243 square kilometers (480 sq. miles). Located in the Baltic sea, it is part of Region Sjælland (Region Zealand). As of 1 January 2013, it has 62,578 inhabitants.[1]

Overview[edit]

Lolland is also known as the "pancake island" because of its flatness: the highest point of the entire island is 25 m (82 ft) high, just outside the village of Horslunde. The island has been an important communication highway, among others for Nazi Germany during World War II. Historically, sugar beet has been grown in Lolland. Sugar is still a major industry, visible from the large number of sugar beet fields.

The largest town of Lolland is Nakskov, with 15,500 residents. Other main towns are Maribo (6,000 residents), which hosts the seat of the Diocese of Lolland and Falster, Sakskøbing (3,500 residents) and Rødby (2,500 residents).

The governments of Denmark and Germany plan to connect Lolland with the German island Fehmarn, by a future Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link. Route E47 from Copenhagen crosses the Guldborgsund strait between Lolland and Falster via a modern tunnel, but the motorway currently terminates at Rødbyhavn where a ferry carries vehicles to Fehmarn. Two older bridges also span the strait between Lolland and Falster, the Frederick IX Bridge and Guldborgsund Bridge at the northern end of the strait. Falster is directly to the east of Lolland.

Since January 1, 2007, Lolland has been administered by two municipalities, Lolland covering the western two thirds, and Guldborgsund uniting the eastern third with the neighbouring island Falster.

Demography[edit]

  • 1901 - 68,331
  • 1906 - 69,738
  • 1911 - 74,063
  • 1916 - 78,193
  • 1921 - 83,188
  • 1925 - 86,544
  • 1930 - 87,534
  • 1935 - 85,607
  • 1940 - 86,307
  • 1945 - 87,230
  • 1950 - 86,490
  • 1955 - 84,781
  • 1960 - 83,170
  • 1965 - 81,760
  • 1970 - 78,934
  • 1976 - 77,957
  • 1981 - 77,431
  • 1986 - 75,278
  • 1990 - 73,191
  • 1995 - 71,610
  • 1998 - 70,994
  • 1999 - 70,747
  • 2000 - 70,640
  • 2001 - 70,383
  • 2002 - 70,201
  • 2003 - 69,796
  • 2004 - 69,360
  • 2005 - 68,751
  • 2006 - 68,224
  • 2007 - 67,908
  • 2008 - 67,306
  • 2009 - 66,655
  • 2010 - 65,764
  • 2011 - 64,730
  • 2012 - 63,678
  • 2013 - 62,578
  • 2014 - 61,563


Towns and villages[edit]

Nakskov 12,866
Maribo 5,933
Sakskøbing 4.539
Sundby 2.847
Rødby 2,092
Rødbyhavn 1,634
Søllested 1,458
Holeby 1,423
Nysted 1,336
Bandholm 678
Horslunde 671
Toreby 628
Guldborg 572
Kettinge 539
Nørreballe 532
Nagelsti 497
Stokkemarke 440
Dannemare 434
Hunseby 418
Sandby 386
Grænge 380
Langø, Lolland 319
Errindlev 298
Hillested 284
Ullerslev 276
Frejlev 264
Branderslev 229
Radsted 215


Attractions[edit]

Trebuchet ready for firing at Middelaldercentret.

Among the attractions of the island are Fuglsang Manor build in the second half of the 19th century, and Fuglsang Art Museum next to it, which opened in 2008. Knuthenborg Safari Park north of Maribo is the largest safari park in Northern Europe and the holiday resort Lalandia is a giant indoor water-fun-land. Furthermore Middelaldercentret is an open-air museum on the most eastern part of the island just outside Nykøbing Falster. The Centre is an experimental living history museum and it contains a reconstructed part of a medieval town from around 1400. It is among the most authentic places in Europe within the medieval period and holds both the largest and the oldest trebuchets in the world.

Lolland has many sandy beaches and areas with summer houses, which are primarily visited by German tourists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  • Tageo.com, "VESTSJAELLAND DENMARK Geography Population" (coordinates), 2007, webpage: Tageo-index.
  • Denmark Postal codes, webpage: Postnumre-DK.
  • Tele.dk Denmark detailed road map, webpage: Tele-DK-Danmark.

External links[edit]