Lolland municipality (on the island of Lolland) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in Region Sjælland in Denmark. According to Municipal And Regional Key Figures (www.noegletal.dk) it covers an area of 885.40 km² (341.85 square miles) and has a population of around 43,000 (2014). Guldborgsund Municipality occupies the eastern part of the island (Østlolland).
The city hall and the seat of the mayor of Lolland municipality is in Maribo while the largest town is Nakskov. There are 31 members - including the mayor - of the municipal council. The current mayor - elected for the 2014-17 term - is a Socialdemocrat, the 1st deputy mayor is from the agrarian liberal Venstre and the 2nd deputy mayor is from Dansk Folkeparti.
On Monday 1 January 2007 Lolland municipality was created as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipal Reform" of 2007), covering the former municipalities of Holeby, Højreby, Maribo, Nakskov, Ravnsborg, Rudbjerg and Rødby. The local politicians' original plan was to create two new municipalities: Maribo Kommune (Midtlolland: middle of the island) (Holeby, Højreby, Maribo, Rødby) and: Nakskov Kommune (Vestlolland: western part of the island) (Nakskov, Rudbjerg, Ravnsborg), but in a local referendum Wednesday 18 May 2005 it was decided by the voters to combine all of the 7 municipalities into one (the results were 51.6% for in Midtlolland and 54.6% for in Vestlolland).
Lolland municipality is a countryside municipality largely dependent on its agricultural industry featuring an open and intensively farmed landscape. The island has been renowned for its large sugar beet production.Despite the official vision of creating an ecologically sustainable economy agriculture is mainly conventional and focusing on cash crops like wheat, sugar beets, rapeseed and an intensive production. The sugar beets are refined in up to date processing facilities in Nakskov, the main industrial center.
The focus on green technologies has resulted in another landscape feature, the many windmills dotting the island.
The shipyard Nakskov Skibsværft founded in 1916 by East Asiatic Company'sH. N. Andersen, who was born in Nakskov, was the largest single workplace in the area with 1.500 employees. It closed January 1, 1987. Other large industrial production sites within the municipality have concentrated their efforts on specialised parts of the production, design for instance, but all factory jobs - the majority of the jobs - have been lost, i.e. MAN B&W Diesel A/S (founded as Holeby Dieselmotorfabrik A/S in 1919) in Holeby.
In the census taken (date?) 1965 (not based on a computerised digital register) the municipalities within the area covering the present municipality had 61,879 inhabitants, and 1 January 1985 (registerbased) 55,897 inhabitants. In 2013 alone, population numbers fell by 2%, from 44,436 to 43,528 inhabitants. From 1965 to 1 April 2014, this represents a fall of 18,470 in the population number, which comes to 29.85%. Nakskov municipality alone had 17,390 inhabitants in 1965 (1998:15,549;2002:15,152) and Maribo, the second most populous municipality in 1965 in the area had 12,517 (1998:11,280;2002:11,039), Ravnsborg had 8,708 (1999:5,780;2002:5,677), Rødby 8,198 (1999:6,809;2002:6,763), Højreby 5,114 (1997:4,257;2002:4,175), Holeby 4,993 (1996:4,269;2002:4,149), and Rudbjerg 4,959 (1999:3,584;2002:3,564) inhabitants.