Lomba de São Pedro

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Coordinates: 37°50′49″N 25°18′54″W / 37.84694°N 25.31500°W / 37.84694; -25.31500
Lomba de São Pedro
Civil Parish
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Lomba de São Pedro
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Ribeira Grande
Localities Lomba de Baixo, Lomba de Cima
Center Lomba de São Pedro
 - elevation 196 m (643 ft)
 - coordinates 37°50′49″N 25°18′54″W / 37.84694°N 25.31500°W / 37.84694; -25.31500
Highest point
 - location Espigão das Oveiras
 - elevation 853 m (2,799 ft)
 - coordinates 37°47′28″N 25°16′29″W / 37.79111°N 25.27472°W / 37.79111; -25.27472
Lowest point Sea Level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
Area 8.25 km2 (3 sq mi)
 - urban .17 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 284 (2011)
Density 34 / km2 (88 / sq mi)
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Estrada Regional
 - elevation 140 m (459 ft)
 - coordinates 37°51′7″N 25°18′58″W / 37.85194°N 25.31611°W / 37.85194; -25.31611
President Junta Márcio Manuel da Ponte Amaral
President Assembleia Fábio Rogério Canejo
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9625-204
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XX XX XX
Patron Saint São Pedro
Wikimedia Commons: Lomba de São Pedro (Ribeira Grande)
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[1] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Lomba de São Pedro is a civil parish in the municipality of Ribeira Grande in the Portuguese in the archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 284,[2] in an area of 8.25 km².[3] Lomba de São Pedro is the least-populated parish in Ribeira Grande.

History[edit]

Lomba de São Pedro was a historically part of Fenais da Ajuda, until being elevated to the status of civil parish by regional decree 24/80/A, on 15 September 1980.[4]

The parish of Lomba de São Pedro is the most distant parish in the municipality of Ribeira Grande.[4] Its foundation and settlement has been lost historically, to the point that the Azorean chronicler Gaspar Frutuoso does not refer to it in his detailed descriptions of the area.[4]

The parochial church, dedicated to Saint Peter, was constructed in the 19th century by Dr. José Maria.[4] The interior of the temple includes an image of the patron saint, donated by António José de Lima, and an altar decorated in gilded woodwork and surmounted with royal coat-of-arms.[4]

Geography[edit]

The parish is located along the Regional E.R.1-1ª roadway linking the municipalities of Ribeira Grande and Nordeste: Lomba de São Pedro is situated between Salga and Fenais da Ajuda.[4] This parish is a long strip that extends from the Atlantic into the interior. The region's toponymy derives literally refers to its geographic position, situated on the lomba (hullock or plateau) dividing two ravines, and associated with the religious veneration of Saint Peter in that area.[4]

Architecture[edit]

  • Church of São Pedro (Portuguese: Igreja de Lomba de São Pedro/Igreja de São Pedro), based on a hermitage from the 16th century, this temple was constructed in the mid-19th century;[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  3. ^ Eurostat
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Junta de Freguesia, ed. (2013), Históra (in Portuguese), Ribeira Grande (Azores), Portugal: Junta de Freguesia da Lomba de São Pedro, retrieved 2 April 2014 
  5. ^ Faria, João; Noé, Paula (2014), SIPA, ed., Igreja de Lomba de São Pedro/Igreja de São Pedro (IPA.00032575/PT072105130024) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 4 April 2012