Lombard regional election, 2005

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Lombard regional election, 2005
Lombardy
2000 ←
April 3, 2005
→ 2010

All 80 seats to the Regional Council of Lombardy
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Roberto Formigoni Riccardo Sarfatti
Party Forza Italia The Olive Tree
Last election 51 seats, 62.4% 26 seats, 31.5%
Seats won 52 28
Seat change Increase1 Increase2
Popular vote 2,841,883 2,278,173
Percentage 53.9% 43.2%
Swing Decrease8.5% Increase11.7%

President before election

Roberto Formigoni
Forza Italia

President-elect

Roberto Formigoni
Forza Italia

The Lombard regional election of 2005 took place on 3–4 April 2005. The 8th term of the Regional Council was chosen.

Roberto Formigoni (Forza Italia) was re-elected for the third time in a row President, defeating Riccardo Sarfatti.

Electoral law[edit]

Lombardy uses national Tatarella Law of 1995 to elect its Council, not having wrote its own legislation. Sixty-four councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists; remained seats and votes are grouped at regional level where a Hare quota is used, and then distributed to provincial party lists.

Sixteen councillors are elected at-large using a general ticket: parties are grouped in alliances, and the alliance which receives a plurality of votes elects all its candidates, its leader becoming the President of Lombardy. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 8 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 72; if the winning alliance receives less than 50% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.

Council apportionment[edit]

According to the official 2001 Italian census, the 64 Council seats which must be covered by proportional representation were so distributed between Lombard provinces.

 BG   BS   CO   CR   LC   LO   MN   MI   MB   PV   SO   VA  total
7 8 4 2 2 1 3 21 5 4 1 6 64

It must be underlined that this allocation is not fixed. Remained seats and votes after proportional distribution, are all grouped at regional level and divided by party lists. The consequent division of these seats at provincial level usually change the original apportionment. Only 37 seats were directly assigned at provincial level, and the final distribution between provinces changed in this way.

 BG   BS   CO   CR   LC   LO   MN   MI   MB   PV   SO   VA  total
+1 +1 -1 = = = -1 +2 -1 -1 -1 = -1

As it can be seen, the Province of Sondrio remained without representation.

Results[edit]

2005 election led to the return to the guide of the Region, for its third consecutive term, Communion and Liberation's Roberto Formigoni, supported by the center-right coalition.

If the mechanisms of electoral law generated a Regional Council very similar to the incumbent one, popular vote marked a significant reduction in the gap between the two sides, which was almost halved. The same plurality party, Forza Italia, decreased of more than four hundred preferences. The election was also the test for a list that led, within two years, to the national foundation of a new political entity, the Democratic Party.

Forza Italia was confirmed as the largest party in the region with 26.0% of the vote, despite a decline in term of votes, while Lega Nord took the 15.8% and The Olive Tree, an alliance comprising The Daisy and the Democrats of the Left, the 27.1%.

Candidates Regional lists Provincial lists Total
votes % seats Parties votes % swing seats party group
Roberto Formigoni 2,841,883 53.86 16 Forza Italia 1,137,621 25.95 Decrease7.8 18 25 52
Lega LombardaLega Nord 693,464 15.82 Increase0.4 11 15
National Alliance 380,962 8.69 Decrease1.0 5 8
Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 166,761 3.80 Decrease0.3 2 3
Socialist Party New PSI 36,616 0.84 - - 0
Secular Pole (Liberal Democrats–PRIPLI) 11,196 0.26 - - 0
Riccardo Sarfatti 2,278,173 43.17 1 The Olive Tree 1,186,848 27.07 Increase6.9 19 20 28
Communist Refoundation Party 248,703 5.67 Decrease0.7 3 3
Federation of the Greens 128,060 2.92 Increase1.0 2 2
Pensioners' Party 115,481 2.63 Increase1.0 1* 1
Party of Italian Communists 104,481 2.38 Increase0.5 1 1
Italy of Values 61,431 1.40 Increase1.4 1 1
Gianmario Invernizzi 142,807 2.71 - Social Alternative 54,937 1.25 Increase1.3 - 0 -
Lega Padana Lombardia 39,012 0.89 - - 0
Pensions & Work 7,409 0.17 - - 0
Marco Marsili 14,008 0.27 - Liberal Democrats 11,579 0.26 - - 0 -
Total candidates 5,276,871 100.0 17 Total parties 4,384,561 100.00 = 63 80 80

* Pensioners gave a seat to Sarfatti. Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]