Lombard regional election, 2010
The Lombard regional election of 2010 took place on 28–29 March 2010. The 9th term of the Regional Council was chosen.
Roberto Formigoni, who was the longest-serving President of Region in Italy along with Giancarlo Galan of Veneto, obtained a historic fourth consecutive term. His opponent was Filippo Penati, a Democrat, who was President of the Province of Milan from 2004 to 2009. Lega Lombarda, that is to say the regional section of Lega Nord in Lombardy, backed Formigoni in return of the support granted by The People of Freedom to Lega Nord candidates in Veneto (Luca Zaia) and Piedmont (Roberto Cota).
Minor candidates who were running were Savino Pezzotta for the Union of the Centre, Vito Crimi for Beppe Grillo's movement, Vittorio Agnoletto for the Communist Refoundation Party and Gianmario Invernizzi for New Force. Marco Cappato for the Italian Radicals did not gain enough signatures to back his candidature.
Lombardy uses national Tatarella Law of 1995 to elect its Council, not having wrote an own legislation. Sixty-four councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists; remained seats and votes are grouped at regional level where a Hare quota is used, and then distributed to provincial party lists.
Sixteen councillors are elected at-large using a general ticket: parties are grouped in alliances, and the alliance which receives a plurality of votes elects all its candidates, its leader becoming the President of Lombardy. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 8 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 72; if the winning alliance receives less than 50% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
According to the official 2001 Italian census, the 64 Council seats which must be covered by proportional representation are so distributed between Lombard provinces.
The allocation is not fixed. Remaining seats and votes after proportional distribution, are all grouped at regional level and divided by party lists. The consequent division of these seats at provincial level usually change the original apportionment. Only 43 seats were directly assigned at provincial level, and the final distribution between provinces changed in this way.
As it can be seen, the landslide victory of Formigoni's Alliance caused the distribution of seven more seats to the oppositions at provincial level. Bergamo and Brescia received two new seats, Lecco and Milan and Sondrio one each.
Controversies on Formigoni's candidature
Formigoni's candidature, which allowed him a 4th mandate, has been contested by academics and left-wing politicians, as in disregard of Law n. 165/2004, that put a limit of two subsequent mandates to directly-elected Region Presidents. Formigoni was indirectly elected in 1995, but then directly elected in 2000 and 2005. He defends himself stating that the law was not in action when he was first directly elected in 2000, so he should be allowed a 4th mandate. After re-election, his mandate may be overturned by judges later on.
Formigoni also sparked controversies when agreeing to put in his majority-premium list, granting her safe election, Nicole Minetti, former showgirl and actual dental hygienist of Silvio Berlusconi, who asked for a political seat for her.
If the mechanisms of electoral law generated a Regional Council very similar to the incumbent one speaking about coalitions, the most relevant change was the five new seats conquered by the League, which obtained its best performance ever. More, the League was strangely penalized by the electoral law, having conquered less seats than as it would be with a proportional representation.
|Candidates||Regional lists||Provincial lists||Total|
|Roberto Formigoni||2,704,364||56.1||8||The People of Freedom||1,355,133||31.8||3.1||23||29||49|
|Lega Lombarda–Lega Nord||1,117,227||26.2||10.4||18||20|
|Filippo Penati||1,603,666||33.3||1||Democratic Party||976,111||22.9||4.2||21||22||28|
|Italy of Values||267,954||6.3||4.9||4||4|
|Left Ecology Freedom||59,112||1.4||new||1||1|
|Federation of the Greens||35,060||0.8||2.1||-||-|
|Italian Socialist Party||13,415||0.3||0.5||-||-|
|Savino Pezzotta||225,849||4.7||-||Union of the Centre||164,078||3.8||0||3||3||3|
|Vito Crimi||144,585||3.0||-||Five Star Movement||99,390||2.3||new||-||-||-|
|Vittorio Agnoletto||113,754||2.4||-||Federation of the Left||87,220||2.0||3.7||-||-||-|
|Gianmario Invernizzi||27,670||0.6||-||New Force||11,281||0.3||2.2||-||-||-|
|Total candidates||4,819,587||100.0||9||Total parties||4,263,025||100.0||=||71||80||80|
- UDC runs without allies (it.)
- Vito Crimi's blog (it.)
- Cappato's nomination for Radicals (it.)
- Vittorio Angiolini, professore ordinario di Diritto costituzionale dell'Università di Milano; Margherita Raveraira, Università di Perugia Il limite del doppio mandato alla immediata rielezione del Presidente della giunta regionale: una questione complessa, Federalismi.it
- Michele Ainis, La terza via di Errani e Formigoni, La Stampa, 25 gennaio 2010
- Running for Parliament, the Italian showgirl who made Silvio Berlusconi smile again, Mail Online, 19 febbraio 2010