Lomcovak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lomcevak)
Jump to: navigation, search

A Lomcovák is a family of extreme aerobatic maneuvers where the aircraft, with almost no forward speed, rotates on chosen axes[1] due to the gyroscopic precession and torque of the rotating propeller.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The word originates from the Czech aerobatic pilot Ladislav Bezák's mechanic at the 1958 air show in Brno, Czechoslovakia. When asked by journalists what Bezák's tumble maneuvers were, jokingly called them Lomcovaks explaining it means headache.[3]

The expression Lomcovák is commonly used in Moravia to describe the rotating motions of one who has had one drink too many of its famous alcoholic drink slivovitz.

In the 1940s Czech aerobatic pilots called this a Talířek which means a small saucer, after the horizontal rotary movement of the aircraft.[4]

Description[edit]

The Lomcovak is a family of freestyle maneuvers performed at airshows. It is not in the Aresti catalogue and therefore may not be flown in competition.[2]

Lomcovaks are very disorienting but otherwise fairly gentle for the pilot. However they are highly stressful on the aircraft structure and should only be performed by aeroplanes built for aerobatics. The worst effects are on the engine mounts, crankshaft and propeller. There have been quite a few cases of major damage to these components during Lomcovaks.[2]

The Aermacchi MB-339 was declared in 2012 the only jet airplane in the world that could perform a true Lomcovák.[5]

Flying techniques[edit]

Flying a Lomcovak will vary in technique from aeroplane to aeroplane and pilot to pilot.[3] Perhaps the most difficult thing about flying them is to use the throttle not as a speed control, but as a control of the gyroscopic precession and torque. There are at least five basic Lomcovaks, each one with several derivatives.[1] These are the three most common types:

The Main Lomcovak

Intention: tumble the airplane continuously with each tumble's plane turned relative to the previous one. Enter from a near vertical climb then let the airspeed decay to near zero and initiate a snap roll by using full down elevator and, for a clockwise rotating engine, full left rudder. The aircraft will rotate on all three axes and perform three end-over-end negative "g" tumbles, each tumble being at about 45° to the plane of the last.[1] The maneuver ends when it runs out of momentum and the aircraft begins falling with enough speed for the airflow past the tail feathers to stop the tumbling. Neutralise all controls and the aircraft will recover nose down.[2]

The Cap Lomcovak

Intention: execute a outside loop of 360° with the lateral axis vertical to the earth.[1] Enter from a Hammerhead (Stall Turn) and as the fuselage reaches knife-edge flight at the top give it full down elevator. The resulting will be the aircraft will pivot about its wing tip in a perfect pirouette.[2] Use the throttle as the control to make the wing remain vertical.

The Conic Lomcovak

Intention: make the fuselage trace a cone inclined at 15° to the vertical. The Positive variant uses the nose of the aircraft as the focal point and has the tail describe a full horizontal circle. The bottom of the wing is tangent to the surface of the cone during the entire maneuver.[2] Close the throttle as soon as rotation starts and opened it to recover. Exit using a Hammerhead or a Tailslide.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Williams, Neil (2003) [First published 1975]. Aerobatics. Marlborough, UK: Crowood Press. ISBN 9780950454306. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f What is Lomcovak? Djaerotech.com Questions. Retrieved 2013-06-05
  3. ^ a b Souter, Gerry; Souter, Janet (2010). The Chicago Air + Water Show. The History Press. p. 118. ISBN 9781596298378. 
  4. ^ Miroslav A. Liškutín, Czechoslovak fighter pilot and RAF Personnel No. 787 424/158 235
  5. ^ Lomcovák: Frecce Tricolori and Al Fursan at Jesolo Air Extreme Aviation Club video of Jesolo Air Extreme on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-05

External links[edit]