Lomonosov Gold Medal

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The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. It is the Academy's highest accolade.

Lomonosov Gold Medal


Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal[edit]

1959[edit]

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa 
cumulatively, for works in physics of low temperatures.

1962[edit]

Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov 
accumulatively for works in chemistry.

1964[edit]

Olga Arsenievna Oleinik 
for her work on boundary-layer theory in mathematics
Sin-Itiro Tomonaga (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, president of the Scientific Council of Japan) 
for substantial scientific contributions to the development of physics.
Hideki Yukawa (member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Basic Research at the University of Kyoto) 
for outstanding merits in the development of theoretical physics.

1965[edit]

Nikolai Vasilevich Belov 
accumulatively for works in crystallography.
Sir Howard Walter Florey (professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine.

1967[edit]

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm 
for outstanding achievements in the theory of elementary particles and other domain of theoretical physics
Cecil Frank Powell (professor, member of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of elementary particles.

1968[edit]

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Engelgardt 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and molecular biology.
István Rusznyák (president of the Academy of Sciences of the Hungarian People's Republics) 
for outstanding achievements in medicine.

1969[edit]

Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov 
for outstanding achievements in chemical physics.
Giulio Natta (professor, Italy) 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of polymers

1970[edit]

Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov 
for outstanding studies in mathematics.
Arnaud Denjoy (member of the Académie française) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1971[edit]

Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian 
for outstanding achievements in astronomy and astrophysics.
Hannes Alfvén (professor, member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden) 
for outstanding achievements in physics of plasma and astrophysics.

1972[edit]

Nikoloz Muskhelishvili 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
Max Steenbeck (full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of plasma and applied physics.

1973[edit]

Aleksandr Pavlovich Vinogradov 
for outstanding achievements in geochemistry.
Vladimír Zoubek (full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in geology.

1974[edit]

Aleksandr Ivanovich Tselikov 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
Angel Balevski (full member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.

1975[edit]

Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics, mechanics and space research.
Maurice Roy (full member of the Académie française) 
for outstanding achievements in mechanics and its applications.

1976[edit]

Semyon Isaakovich Volfkovich 
for outstanding achievements in chemistry and the technology of phosphorus and the development of scientific foundations of chemicalization of agriculture in the USSR.
Herman Klare (full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic) 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry and technology of man-made fibers.

1977[edit]

Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrentiev 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
Linus Carl Pauling (member of the US National Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in chemistry and biochemistry.

1978[edit]

Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov 
for outstanding achievements in nuclear science and technology.
Alexander Robertus Todd (professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in organic chemistry.

1979[edit]

Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.
Béla Szőkefalvi-Nagy (full member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1980[edit]

Boris Yevgenevich Paton 
for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
Jaroslav Kožešník (full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in applied mathematics and mechanics.

1981[edit]

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kotelnikov 
for outstanding achievements in radiophysics, radio engineering and electronics.
Pavle Savich (full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Socialst Federativ Republic of Yugoslavia) 
for outstanding achievements in chemistry and physics.

1982[edit]

Julii Borisovich Khariton 
for outstanding achievements in physics.
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (professor, member of the London Royal Society) 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and crystal chemistry.

1983[edit]

Andrei Lvovich Kursanov 
for outstanding achievements in physiology and biochemistry of plants.
Abdus Salam (professor, Pakistan) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1984[edit]

Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics and theoretical physics.
Rudolf Mössbauer (professor, Federal Republic of Germany) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1985[edit]

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky 
for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.
Guillermo Haro (professor, Mexico) 
for outstanding achievements in astrophysics.

1986[edit]

Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov 
for outstanding achievements in ophthalmology and eye microsurgery.
Josef Řiman (academician, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences) 
for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.

1987[edit]

Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov 
for outstanding achievements in physics.
John Bardeen (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1988[edit]

Sergei Lvovich Sobolev (posthumously) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
Jean Leray (professor, France) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1989[edit]

Nikolai Gennadievich Basov 
for outstanding achievements in physics.
Hans Bethe (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in physics.

1993[edit]

Dmitri Sergeevich Likhachev 
for outstanding achievements in the humanities.
John Kenneth Galbraith (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in economic and social sciences.

1994[edit]

Nikolai Konstantinovich Kochetkov 
for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of carbohydrates and organic synthesis.
James D. Watson (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in molecular biology.

1995[edit]

Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg 
for outstanding achievements in theoretical physics and astrophysics.
Anatole Abragam (professor, France) 
for outstanding achievements in physics of condensed state and methods of research in nuclear physics.

1996[edit]

Nikolai Nikolaevich Krasovsky 
for outstanding achievements in the mathematical theory of control and the theory of differential games.
Friedrich Hirzebruch (professor, Federal Republic of Germany)  
for outstanding achievements in algebraic geometry and algebraic topology.

1997[edit]

Boris Sergeyevich Sokolov 
for outstanding achievements in the studies of the early biosphere of the Earth, the discovery of the ancient Wend geological system and classical works in fossil corals.
Frank Press (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in the physics of solid Earth.

1998[edit]

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 
for an outstanding contribution into the development of Russian literature, Russian language and Russian history.
Yosikazu Nakamura (professor, Japan) 
for an outstanding contribution to the study of Slavistics and the popularization of Russian literature and culture in Japan.

1999[edit]

Valentin Lavrentevich Yanin 
for achievements in the archaeological studies of medieval Russia.
Michael Müller-Wille (professor, Germany)
for achievements in the study of foreign relations of early medieval Russia.

2000[edit]

Andrei Viktorovich Gaponov-Grekhov 
for fundamental works in the fields of electrodynamics, plasma physics and physical electronics.
Charles Hard Townes (professor, United States)
for fundamental works in quantum electronics leading to the development of the maser and laser.

2001[edit]

Alexander Sergeevich Spirin 
for achievements in the study of the structure of nucleic acids and the functions of ribosomes.
Alexander Rich (professor, United States) 
for achievements in the study of the structure of nucleic acids and the functions of ribosomes.

2002[edit]

Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
Lennart Carleson (professor, Sweden) 
for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

2003[edit]

Evgeny Chazov 
for outstanding achievements in cardiology.
Michael E. DeBakey (professor, United States) 
for outstanding achievements in cardiology.

2004[edit]

Gury Ivanovich Marchuk 
for his outstanding contribution to the creation of new models and methods of solving problems of nuclear-reactor physics, atmosphere and ocean physics.
Edward N. Lorenz (professor, United States)
for major achievements in developing the theory of general circulation of the atmosphere and the theory of chaotic attractors of dissipative systems.

2005[edit]

Yuri Andreevich Ossipyan 
for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.
Peter Hirsch (professor, Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.

2006[edit]

Nikolay Pavlovich Laverov 
for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.
Rodney Charles Ewing (professor, United States) 
for his research on the nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear waste management.

2007[edit]

Andrey Anatolyevich Zaliznyak 
for outstanding achievements in research in linguistics.
Simon Franklin (professor, Great Britain) 
for outstanding achievements in research in Russian history and culture.

2008[edit]

Evgenii Maksimovich Primakov 
for outstanding contributions in the development of the social sciences.
Hélène Carrère d’Encausse (professor, France) 
for outstanding achievements in research of political and social processes in soviet and postsoviet periods of Russia.

2009[edit]

Vadim Tikhonovich Ivanov 
for outstanding contributions in the development of bioorganic chemistry.
Ryōji Noyori (professor, Japan)
for outstanding contributions in the development of organic chemistry and catalytic asymmetric synthesis.

2010[edit]

Spartak Timofeevich Belyaev 
for outstanding contributions in physics.
Gerardus 't Hooft (professor, Netherlands)
for outstanding contributions in physics.

2011[edit]

Vladimir Alexandrovich Tartakovsky 
for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
Roald Hoffmann (professor, United States)
for outstanding contributions in chemistry.

2012[edit]

Gleb Vsevolodovich Dobrovolsky 
for outstanding contribution in the field of soil science.
Richard Warren Arnold (professor, United States)
for his outstanding contribution to the development of theoretical and applied soil science and modeling the behavior of soils in different landscapes of the world.

2013[edit]

Ludvig Dmitrievich Faddeev
or outstanding contribution to quantum field theory and the theory of elementary particles.
Peter David Lax (professor, United States)
for outstanding contribution to the theory of hydrodynamic solitons

See also[edit]

External links[edit]