Lonafarnib

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Lonafarnib
Lonafarnib.png
Identifiers
CAS number 193275-84-2 N
PubChem 148195
ChemSpider 130645 YesY
KEGG D04768 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL298734 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C27H31Br2ClN4O2
Molar mass 638.82164
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Lonafarnib is a farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) that is being investigated in a human clinical trial as a potential treatment for progeria.[1]

Lonafarnib is a synthetic tricyclic derivative of carboxamide with antineoplastic properties.[2] As such, it is used primarily for cancer treatment. For those with progeria, research has shown that the drug reduces the prevalence of stroke and transient ischemic attack, and the prevalence and frequency of headaches while taking the medication.[3] A phase II clinical trial was completed in 2012, which showed that a cocktail of drugs that included lonafarnib and two other drugs, met clinical efficacy endpoints that improved the height and diminished the rigidity of the bones of progeria patients.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu G, Marrinan CH, Taylor SA et al. (2007). "Enhancement of the antitumor activity of tamoxifen and anastrozole by the farnesyltransferase inhibitor lonafarnib (SCH66336)". Anticancer Drugs 18 (8): 923–31. doi:10.1097/CAD.0b013e3280c1416e (inactive 2014-03-23). PMID 17667598. 
  2. ^ "Lonafarnib". NCI Drug Dictionary. National Cancer Institute. 
  3. ^ Ullrich, N. J.; Kieran, M. W.; Miller, D. T.; Gordon, L. B.; Cho, Y.-J.; Silvera, V. M.; Giobbie-Hurder, A.; Neuberg, D.; Kleinman, M. E. (2013). "Neurologic features of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome after lonafarnib treatment". Neurology 81 (5): 427–30. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31829d85c0. PMC 3776537. PMID 23897869. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]