London, Texas

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London, Texas
TXMap-doton-London.png
Coordinates: 30°40′37″N 99°34′35″W / 30.67694°N 99.57639°W / 30.67694; -99.57639Coordinates: 30°40′37″N 99°34′35″W / 30.67694°N 99.57639°W / 30.67694; -99.57639
Country United States
State Texas
County Kimble
Elevation 1,703 ft (519 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 325
FIPS code 48-43540[1]
GNIS feature ID 1361636[2]

London is an unincorporated community in Kimble County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 180 in 2000.[3]

Geography[edit]

London is located at 30°40′37″N 99°34′35″W / 30.67694°N 99.57639°W / 30.67694; -99.57639 (30.6768485, -99.5764516). It is situated approximately 18 miles northeast of Junction along U.S. Highway 377 in northeastern Kimble County, at the south end of FM 1221.[4]

History[edit]

Len L. Lewis, a horse trader and former Union Army officer, helped establish the community in the late 1870s or early 1880s. After marrying a local widow, Lewis purchased a half-section of land and proceeded with plans to build a town that he hoped would become a trade center for the region.[3] Ed, Tom, and Robert Stevenson opened a store in 1881 and Lewis laid out a town site that included forty lots and a town square – he hoped that the town would eventually serve as the seat of government for a new county. When a post office was established in 1882, the site was named London.

The community continued to grow and by 1896, the population had grown to approximately 100. The number of residents reached an estimated 360 in 1930. The Great Depression caused a brief decline in London, but by 1943, the population had grown to 400. In the years after World War II, the community again suffered a decline in the number of people and businesses. The low point was reached in the early 1970s, when only around 110 people were living in the community. In the latter years of the twentieth century, the population rose to approximately 180.[4]

The London Town Square was designated a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark in 1971, Marker number 2988.[5]

Although London is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 76854.[6]

Education[edit]

Public education in the community of London is provided by the Junction Independent School District.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, London has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "London, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  4. ^ a b "London, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  5. ^ "London Town Square - London, Kimble County, Texas". Recorded Texas Historic Landmark. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Zip Code Lookup
  7. ^ Climate Summary for London, Texas

External links[edit]