London Borough of Brent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
London Borough of Brent
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Brent
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Brent
Council logo
Motto: Forward Together
Brent shown within Greater London
Brent shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ Forty Lane, Wembley
Incorporated 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Brent London Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Labour)
 • Mayor Michael Adeyeye[1]
 • MPs Barry Gardiner
Glenda Jackson
Sarah Teather
 • London Assembly Navin Shah AM for Brent and Harrow
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 16.70 sq mi (43.24 km2)
Area rank 284th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 312,200
 • Rank 26th (of 326)
 • Density 19,000/sq mi (7,200/km2)
 • Ethnicity[2]

18% White British
4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
14.3% Other White
1.4% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.6% Other Mixed
18.6% Indian
4.6% Pakistani
0.6% Bangladeshi
1% Chinese
9.2% Other Asian
7.8% Black African
7.6% Black Caribbean
3.4% Other Black
3.7% Arab

2.1% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes HA, NW
Area code(s) 020
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website www.brent.gov.uk

The London Borough of Brent (About this sound pronunciation ) is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London. The major areas are Kilburn, Wembley and Willesden. It borders the boroughs of Harrow to the north-west, Barnet to the north-east, Camden to the east and Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Kensington and Chelsea to the south, and Westminster to the south-east. Most of the eastern border is formed by the Roman road Watling Street, now the modern A5. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Brent is home to Wembley Stadium, one of the country's biggest landmarks, as well as Wembley Arena. The local authority is Brent London Borough Council.

History[edit]

Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the borough.

Politics and local government[edit]

Wards[edit]

Brent is divided into 21 Electoral Wards. Some wards share a name with the traditional areas above, others include Barnhill, Dudden Hill, Fryent, Mapesbury and Welsh Harp.[3]

The Brent borough includes three parliamentary constituencies: Brent North, Brent Central, and Hampstead and Kilburn, which also includes part of the London Borough of Camden. Before the 2010 United Kingdom general election it was divided into three constituencies contained wholly within the borough - Brent South, Brent East and Brent North.

Political composition[edit]

Labour regained control of the borough at the Council elections held on Thursday 6 May 2010. The political composition of Brent Council following the 2010 local elections was:

The leader of the Council is Labour Councillor Muhammad Butt.

Demographics[edit]

Population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1801 2,022 —    
1811 2,690 +33.0%
1821 3,074 +14.3%
1831 3,991 +29.8%
1841 5,416 +35.7%
1851 5,646 +4.2%
1861 14,749 +161.2%
1871 23,852 +61.7%
1881 32,955 +38.2%
1891 67,674 +105.4%
1901 105,613 +56.1%
1911 164,833 +56.1%
1921 202,448 +22.8%
1931 248,656 +22.8%
1941 277,842 +11.7%
1951 310,457 +11.7%
1961 294,804 −5.0%
1971 280,009 −5.0%
1981 251,249 −10.3%
1991 248,569 −1.1%
2001 263,463 +6.0%
2011 311,200 +18.1%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 2,022. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 5,646 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1960s, when industry began to relocate from London.

In the 2001 Census, the borough had a population of 263,464 – of whom 127,806 were male, and 135,658 female. Of those stating a choice, 47.71% described themselves as Christian, 17.71% as Hindu, 12.26% as Muslim and 10% as having no religion. Of the population, 39.96% were in full-time employment and 7.86% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 23.17% owning their house outright, and a further 31.33% owning with a mortgage. 10.59% were in local authority housing, with a further 13.29% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.[4]

The borough of Brent is ethnically diverse. In the 2011 census, those who claimed a British white heritage made up 18% of the borough's population alongside 18% with other white heritage and 5% mixed heritage, with South Asian heritage about 33%, African and Caribbean heritage about 19% and other ethnic groups about 7%. About 4% of the population is White Irish, the highest in London and the highest in any local authority in England and Wales. The White ethnic group as a proportion was the largest in the Mapesbury, Brondesbury Park, Queen's Park and Kilburn wards; the Black counterpart in Stonebridge, Harlesden and Kensal Green wards; and Asian in Alperton, Wembley Central and Kenton wards.[5]

As of 2011, 41.5% identify themselves as Christian, 18.6% Muslim, 17.8% Hindu, and 10.6% irreligious.[6]

Geography[edit]

Major districts of Brent include: Kilburn, Willesden and Wembley.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[7]

Climate data for Borough of Brent, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
8
(46)
13.2
(55.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
8
(46)
6
(43)
4
(39)
7.1
(44.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 132
(5.2)
109
(4.3)
79
(3.1)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
64
(2.5)
80
(3)
89
(3.5)
89
(3.5)
145
(5.7)
150
(5.9)
155
(6.1)
1,255
(49.2)
Source: Weatherbase[8]

Economy[edit]

Diageo has its head office in Park Royal and in the London Borough of Brent,[9][10] on a former Guinness brewery property.[11] The brewery was closed in 2004; it had produced beer since 1936.[12] Diageo planned to move its head office to Brent from Central London when the lease on the Central London office expired in 2010.[11]

Brent is the joint fourth-worst Borough in London for levels of child poverty. Save the Children reported in 2011 that 11,000 children are impoverished.[13]

Amenities and culture[edit]

Diversity[edit]

Brent is very ethnically diverse, having large chunks of populations from various ethnic groups. There is a large Indian community, residing mainly in the west in the Wembley area. The Ealing Road between Wembley and Alperton contains numerous Indian businesses, such as traditional clothing stores. There is also a large Black Caribbean population, focusing on Harlesden. There are a lot of Caribbean restaurants in Harlesden's central area. The Irish population as a percentage proportion in Brent is the largest in the capital. Most Irish reside around the Willesden, Dollis Hill, Brondesbury and Kilburn areas, and there are several traditional Irish pubs in those districts. There is also a small Brazilian/Portuguese community between Harlesden and Kensal Green.

Education[edit]

Brent Street Dancers[edit]

Brent won the country's Street Dance Award held in the spring of 2009.

Compulsory recycling[edit]

Recycling has been compulsory in the borough of Brent since 2008.Through a green box collection scheme the borough aims to improve on the 25 per cent recycled waste it already achieves.

London Fire Brigade[edit]

The London Borough of Brent has three fire stations within the borough: Park Royal, Wembley and Willesden. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Most notably, Wembley National Stadium is within the area - on match days the safety of over 90,000 people is the responsibility of the London Fire Brigade. Wembley covers the largest area in the borough, 19.1 kmsq.[14] Two pumping appliances, a fire rescue unit and an aerial ladder platform are based there. Willesden, for its relatively small, in comparison to Wembley, station ground (10.5 kmsq), responded to over a thousand incidents in 2006/2007.[14] Two pumping appliances reside there. Park Royal, with its one pumping appliance and an incident response unit, has one of the smallest station grounds; just 8.1 kmsq.

Within the borough, 4,105 incidents occurred in 2006/2007.[14]

Transport[edit]

The numerous National Rail, London Underground and London Overground stations in the borough are:

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.3% of all residents aged 16-74; driving a car or van, 11.5%; bus, minibus or coach, 11.5%; on foot, 4.6%; train, 4.5%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; bicycle, 1.7%.[15]

Landmarks[edit]

Parks and open spaces[edit]

Sport and leisure[edit]

The Borough has three Non-League football clubs:

References[edit]

  1. ^ London Borough of Brent Councillors, accessed 15 August 2011
  2. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  3. ^ http://www.brent.gov.uk/elections
  4. ^ Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics: Brent accessed 25 February 2009
  5. ^ 2011 Census data accessed 4th November 2013
  6. ^ http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6275032&c=Brent&d=13&e=62&g=6320108&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1392854602975&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2479
  7. ^ Climate Summary
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on June 14, 2013.
  9. ^ "Diageo Contacts." Diageo. Retrieved on 1 September 2011. "Diageo plc Lakeside Drive Park Royal London NW107HQ"
  10. ^ "Brent Boundary (approximate)." London Borough of Brent. Retrieved on 1 September 2011.
  11. ^ a b Dunkley, Jamie. "Drinks maker Diageo to close London office." The Daily Telegraph. 20 March 2009. Retrieved on 1 September 2011.
  12. ^ Innes, John. "Guinness closes UK brewery." The Scotsman. 16 April 2004. Retrieved on 1 September 2011.
  13. ^ http://www.harrowobserver.co.uk/west-london-news/local-harrow-news/2011/03/17/thousands-of-brent-children-in-severe-poverty-116451-28354694/
  14. ^ a b c http://www.london-fire.gov.uk/about_us/media/Brent.pdf London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile
  15. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°33′58″N 0°16′26″W / 51.56611°N 0.27389°W / 51.56611; -0.27389