London Borough of Ealing

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London Borough of Ealing
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Ealing
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Ealing
Council logo
Motto: Progress with Unity
Ealing shown within Greater London
Ealing shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ Ealing Town Hall, Uxbridge Road, Ealing
Created 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Ealing London Borough Council
 • Leadership

Leader & Cabinet - Cllr Julian Bell
Chief Executive -

Martin Smith (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr Teg Bagha
 • MPs Stephen Pound
Angie Bray
Virendra Sharma
 • London Assembly Onkar Sahota AM for Ealing and Hillingdon
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 21.44 sq mi (55.53 km2)
Area rank 265th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 339,300
 • Rank 15th (of 326)
 • Density 16,000/sq mi (6,100/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]

30.4% White British
3.1% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
15.4% Other White
1.2% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
1.3% Other Mixed
14.3% Indian
4.3% Pakistani
0.5% Bangladeshi
1.2% Chinese
9.3% Other Asian
5.1% Black African
3.9% Black Caribbean
1.9% Other Black
2.9% Arab

3.1% Other
 • ONS code 00AJ
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website www.ealing.gov.uk

The London Borough of Ealing Listeni/ˈlɪŋ/ is a London Borough in west London, England, and forms part of Outer London. Its administrative centre is Ealing Broadway. The local authority is Ealing London Borough Council.

Location[edit]

The London Borough of Ealing borders the London Borough of Hillingdon to the west, the London Borough of Harrow and the London Borough of Brent to the north, the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham to the east and the London Borough of Hounslow to the south.

The London borough was formed in 1965 by the merging the area of the Municipal Borough of Ealing, the Municipal Borough of Southall and the Municipal Borough of Acton from Middlesex.

Along with Brentford, the London Borough of Ealing is the setting for much of the action in Robert Rankin's series of comedic novels, The Brentford Trilogy, which currently consists of six volumes.[citation needed] Ealing is also the primary setting for The Sarah Jane Adventures, being the location of Sarah Jane Smith's home.

Within the borough are two garden suburbs, Brentham Garden Suburb and Bedford Park.

330 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Districts[edit]

Parliamentary constituencies in Ealing[edit]

London Fire Brigade[edit]

There are four fire stations within the London Borough of Ealing. Southall and Northolt have similar-sized station grounds and both house two pumping appliances. Southall attended some 700 incidents more than their Northolt counterparts in 2006/07. Ealing, with two pumping appliances, and Acton, one pump and two fire investigation units, are the other two appliances in the area. Interestingly, the ward of Northfield had over forty malicious calls made from it -more than twice as any other ward within Ealing.[2]

Education[edit]

Ealing has a total of 91 state-run schools and nurseries. There are 13 high schools under the domain of the local education authority, 12 of which are either comprehensive, foundation or voluntary-aided, and one city academy.

A number of successful independent schools, including Avenue House School (co-ed, ages 3 – 11), St Benedict's School (co-ed), the Barbara Speake Stage School (co-ed, ages 4 – 16), St Augustine's Priory (girls) and Notting Hill & Ealing High School (girls), are also located within the borough. The King Fahd Academy is an independent Saudi funded school within the borough.

The Japanese School in London is a Japanese international school in Acton.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The borough of Ealing is ethnically diverse. In 2001, those who claimed a non-white ethnic heritage made up 40% of the borough's population, comprising particularly South Asian heritage (about 20%), African and Caribbean ancestry (about 10%), Chinese and other Asian backgrounds (about 5%).[4]

Various religions have substantial devotees, higher than the typical London average. Christianity makes up the largest religious group with 50%, Islam forms 10%, Sikhism 8.5%, Hinduism 7.8%. 24% in the 2001 census either responding that they were of no religion or did not state a religion.

There seems to be a west–east ethnic split. Much of the west of the borough (including Southall, to an extreme degree) is very diverse, whereas much of the east is not.

At the 2011 census, the Southall Broadway ward had a White British population proportion of just 3.5% - the lowest figure for any ward in the capital. This was followed by neighbouring Southall Green at 4.6%, which is the capital's second lowest. Southall has an extremely high population of South Asians, mainly Punjabs and people following the Sikh religion. Lady Margaret came third with 9.2% of its population white British, closely followed by Dormers Wells (10.3%), and Norwood Green.[5] All of these wards are situated in the borough's west and south-west. Other wards with somewhat large foreign ethnicity included Greenford Broadway, North Greenford, Northolt West End, Perivale and Northolt Mandeville.

Whites formed 79.2% of the Southfield ward. This was followed by Northfield, Walpole, Ealing Broadway, and Ealing Common at 68.5%. Elthorne, Cleveland, Hobbayne and Acton Central were the remaining wards with over 60% White. The lowest White population was Southall Broadway, at 6.3%.

Asians formed 80.7% of Southall Broadway, and 71.8% of Southall Green, followed by Lady Margaret, Dormers Wells and Norwood Green, at 52.7%. The lowest was in Southfield, with 8.2%.

The largest Black community was in Northolt West End, at 19.4%, followed by South Acton with 16.1%. The lowest was in Northfield, at 4.3%. Unlike the White and Asian community, there were no predominantely Black wards.

Hanger Hill had, at 13%, the largest proportion of people aged 65 and over. The lowest were East Acton and Southall Green, at 8% each.[6]

Northfield ward had the highest number of UK-born residents, at a 63.8% proportion, closely followed by Southfield (63.7%). Walpole's figure was 62% and Cleveland's was 60.4%. The lowest was in Southall Broadway, at 35.9%.

According to the 2011 census the borough had the highest proportion of Polish speakers at 6% of the population.[7] The Polish community is largest in the Perivale and Greenford districts.

The borough has a large Irish community which are mostly found around Hanwell and West Ealing

Ethnic-based Cultures and Community[edit]

The borough has a long-standing Irish community which is particularly visible through the number of established Irish pubs in the borough and the popularity of Gaelic games in the community. Country flags for example can be seen flown on the outside or hung inside of various pubs in the area, especially on St Patrick's Day. St Benedict's School has also had a long term afilliation with the Irish community in Ealing, as it is a Catholic school.Many Irish members of the Ealing borough attend Ealing Abbey which is linked to St Benedict's School.

Ealing and Acton have a large British-Polish community that owes its origins to the World War II refugees and Free Polish Army finding both cheap accommodation and work in the Acton area, which then had a high proportion of London's light engineering companies involved with government war contracts. This community has grown considerably including more shops with authentic Polish food since Poland joined the EU and its migrant workers have been able to come to the UK freely. This has also led to an increase in Polish social centres in the borough. In Southall which lies in the west the borough of Ealing and across to Hayes is one of the largest South Asian communities in the UK often which visitors often describe as "Little India".[8][9][10][11][12] This community developed in 1950s.

There are also churches and centres for London's Hungarian[13] and Assyrian communities in South Ealing.

Sport and leisure[edit]

The borough has four Non-League football clubs Hanwell Town F.C. and Southall F.C. which both play at Reynolds Field in Perivale. the other two clubs are London Tigers F.C., which plays at the Avenue Park Stadium in Greenford and North Greenford United F.C., which plays at Berkeley Fields.

Transport[edit]

Rail and London Underground[edit]

The numerous National Rail and London Underground stations in the borough are:

Buses[edit]

London Buses routes 7, 65, 70, 72, 83, 90, 92, 94, 95, 105, 112, 120, 140, 187, 195, 207, 224, 226, 228, 260, 266, 272, 282, 283, 297, 395, 398, 427, 440, 482, 487, 607, E1, E2, E3, E5, E6, E7, E8, E9, E10, E11, H17, H32, other routes 895, Night route N7, N11 and N207.

Travel to work[edit]

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 21.8% of all residents aged 16-74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 9.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.2%; on foot, 4.7%; train, 4.0%; work mainly at or from home, 3.0%; bicycle, 2.0%.[14]

Transport development[edit]

In April 2009 the council voted to call on Transport for London to look into the proposal for a North and West London Light Railway. [15]

Town twinning[edit]

Ealing is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ London-fire.gov.uk
  3. ^ "Home." Japanese School in London. Retrieved on 1 January 2014. "所在地:87 CREFFIELD ROAD, ACTON, LONDON, W3 9PU, U.K."
  4. ^ Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
  5. ^ http://britishdemocraticparty.org/the-ethnic-cleansing-of-london-part-2/
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ England's second language is Polish | UK | Express.co.uk - Home of the Daily and Sunday Express
  8. ^ Harcourt, Gordon (4 May 2005). "British Asians' immigration fears". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  9. ^ Philipose, Pamela (13 July 2003). "Voice from Little India". Indian Express. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  10. ^ Dhaliwal, Nirpal (22 July 2007). "Cameron is given a black eye by the real Southall". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  11. ^ Bhamra, Kuljit (6 April 2009). "The (untold) Southall Story". Asians in Media Magazine. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  12. ^ Rappeport, Alan (29 January 2006). "A Real Taste of South Asia? Take the Tube to Southall". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  13. ^ "Magyarok Nagyasszonya Főlélkeszség" (in Hungarian). magyarkatolikusok.co.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  15. ^ "Notes Of Council Meeting - 21st April 2009". Ealing Council. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Ealing Council.Twinning. Accessed 2008-09-19

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′N 0°20′W / 51.500°N 0.333°W / 51.500; -0.333