London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
|London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham|
Hammersmith and Fulham shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Admin HQ||King Street, Hammersmith|
|Incorporated||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• Mayor||Ms Frances Stainton (Con)|
|• MPs||Greg Hands (Con) Andrew Slaughter (Lab)|
|• London Assembly||Kit Malthouse (Con) AM for West Central|
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||6.33 sq mi (16.40 km2)|
|Area rank||322nd (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||95th (of 326)|
|• Density||29,000/sq mi (11,000/km2)|
44.9% White British
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Police force||Metropolitan Police|
The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough in West London, and forms part of Inner London. Traversed by the east-west main roads of the A4 Great West Road and the A40 Westway, many international corporations have offices in the borough. The local council is Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council.
The borough was formed in 1965 by merging the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith and the Metropolitan Borough of Fulham. It was known as the 'London Borough of Hammersmith' until its name was changed on 1 January 1979 by the borough council. The two had been joined together previously as the Fulham District from 1855 to 1886.
In 1908, the Franco-British Exhibition and Olympic Games were hosted in the borough, at White City, but the site then took many decades to be redeveloped. In 1960, the BBC opened the BBC Television Centre, and in 2008, Westfield London, a large development with new transport links and a shopping centre, finally completed the redevelopment after one hundred years.
The borough includes the areas:
- Brook Green
- College Park
- East Acton
- Old Oak Common
- Parsons Green
- Sands End
- Shepherd's Bush
- Walham Green
- West Kensington
- White City
Since 1964 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:
|Party in control||Years|
|No Overall Control||1982–1986|
|No Overall Control||1978–1982|
According to the 2001 census Hammersmith and Fulham has a population of 165,242. 60% of the borough's population is White British, 20% white non-British (among which are large Polish and Irish communities), 5% black Caribbean, 5% black African with various other ethnicities (including Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese) making up the remaining 11 percent.
The borough has the second-highest proportion of single adults of any borough in England and Wales (55%), and a higher than average proportion for the London area of young adults aged 20–29 (24%).
Around 50% of households are owner–occupiers, and 22% of households were listed as "other" – that is, not single persons living alone or families. These are generally two or more unrelated adults living together, such as students or cohabiting couples.
The borough comprises a patchwork of extremely affluent as well as some less affluent neighbourhoods; The areas of Fulham, Parsons Green, Brackenbury Village, Brook Green, Ravenscourt Park and the Riverside compose of highly expensive Victorian and Edwardian houses, contrasting to the areas of White City and Shepherd's Bush. The unemployment rate is well below average at under 5%, although of these, 29% were listed as long-term unemployed. The borough also has the 4th highest house prices in the country.
See external links below for more census information from the borough.
Iberia operates the Iberia House in the borough. All Nippon Airways operates the London Office on the fourth floor of Hythe House. South African Airways has its United Kingdom office in the South African Airways House. CE Europe, a subsidiary of Capcom, has its head office in the George House in Hammersmith in the borough. As of May 2011 it will be relocating to the Metro Building in Hammersmith. Iran Air's London offices are also located in the borough. The airline moved there by Wednesday 4 January 2012. Coca-Cola, Disney and L'Oréal also all have UK headquarters in Hammersmith, as well as a number of other major businesses.
Hammersmith & Fulham is administered by 46 councillors. At the 2010 council elections held on 6 May, the Conservative Party lost 2 seats but won a majority by taking a total of 31 seats. The present administration was first elected at the 2006 council election. The Council leader is Cllr. Nicholas Botterill(Con) who took over from Stephen Greenhalgh in May 2012. The Labour Party forms the opposition on the Council, with 15 seats, led by Cllr. Stephen Cowan.
On 7 March 2013 a by-election was held in the Wormholt and White City ward following the death of Councillor Jean Campbell (Labour). In the 2010 election, when the turn out had been 61.02% of the electorate, Councillor Campbell had received the largest number of votes (3052) of any candidate in the ward. In the March 2013 by-election the seat was retained for Labour by Max Schmid a 29-year-old environmental charity worker who received 1,419 votes (67% of the vote on a turn out of 24.77%). Other candidates were Jamie McKittrick (Conservative) 251 votes, Chris Whittaker (Liberal Democrat) 209 votes, Andrew Elston (UKIP) 122 votes, Jeffrey Boateng (independent) 75 votes and Andrew Donald (British National Party) 45 votes.
The borough is divided into 16 electoral wards, all bar two electing three councillors apiece. These are:
- Avonmore & Brook Green
- College Park & Old Oak
- Fulham Broadway
- Fulham Reach
- Hammersmith Broadway
- North End
- Palace Riverside
- Parson's Green & Walham
- Ravenscourt Park
- Sands End
- Shepherd's Bush Green
- Wormholt & White City
The borough now shares a chief executive with the neighbouring Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea, and the two boroughs have also combined a number of services and departments with one another and also with Westminster City Council.
The Conservative administration introduced a number of changes to the running of the council following their election in 2006, including a 3% per year cut in Council Tax in each year between 2007/8 and 2010/1. This worked out at an average reduction of £26.30 per year for that period. The Conservative administration privatised many front line services including refuse collection and parks maintenance. It provided funding for a 24-hour police team in Shepherds Bush Green ward. The Council received the Local Government Chronicle award for "Council of the Year" in 2010. The authority has repeatedly been described as a "flagship" Conservative borough and a favourite of Tory Prime Minister David Cameron. Between 2005 and 2008, the Audit Commission found that services improved from an overall rating of three stars and "improving well" to four stars and "improving strongly". According to the government 2009 Place Survey, the Council was rated as the sixth most popular major authority in the country.
On 21 January 2010 the Borough was found guilty of maladministration by the Local Government Ombudsman. The Ombudsman concluded that a woman was due compensation after Hammersmith and Fulham had refused to provide accommodation for her despite being pregnant and seeking escape from domestic violence. The woman who was later discovered seeking shelter in a local park. Prior to this incident the Council had sold off twelve homeless hostels, tightened homeless acceptance criteria and banned the BBC and Crisis from running a Christmas homeless shelter. In June 2010 the Borough removed all funding from Threshold Housing Advice who are the homeless charity that reported the council to the Local Government Ombudsman and brought about the Maladministration ruling. This forced Threshold Housing Advice to close down in November 2010.
The opposition Labour Party and media critics, such as Johann Hari in the Independent 5 May 2010, have criticised the Council for cuts to front line services and the introduction of new or increased stealth taxes. These include the new £12.40 per hour home care charge for the elderly, sick and disabled, a nearly £600 increase (over the four-year period) in fees for meals on wheels; a 50% increase in parking fines and 55% increase in parking tickets. The Conservative Administration are also criticised for initially cutting police numbers in 3 of the 16 wards; renting out parks for exclusive private events and selling off the borough's buildings such as librarys, schools, council homes, community centres, Sure Start centres, early learning centres and youth clubs.
During the 2010 general and local elections the Conservative administration was accused by Labour opponents, the media and residents of intending to demolish 3,300 Council homes leaving many people with no option but to move out of the borough – an allegation described by the Prime Minister as "appalling Labour lies" in the Daily Telegraph, 22 May 2010. Stephen Cowan (Lab), the Council's Leader of the Opposition strongly disputed this allegation and wrote to the Prime Minister challenging his comments and detailing why he was wrong to make them.
Hammersmith and Fulham's alleged housing plans have been covered by the UK media notably in this video made by the Guardian Newspaper, 9 October 2009. Housing issues in Hammersmith and Fulham gained greater publicity after Cllr Greenhalgh co-authored the Localism policy paper Principles of Social Housing Reform in 2009 which called for a move to "near market rents" and an end to lifelong secure tenancies for council housing tenants. The Coalition Government has now begun to consult on these policies and has released Local Decisions: A Fairer Future for Social Housing for consultation and following this they will most likely soon be presented to Parliament in a housing bill.
Former councillors for Hammersmith and Fulham who are current members of parliament include Dominic Grieve MP (Con), Aidan Burley MP (Con), Greg Hands MP (Con), Lisa Nandy MP (Lab), Andrew Robotham MP (Con) and Andrew Slaughter MP (Lab).
The borough is home to a number of sports teams and athletes.
Fulham Football Club and Chelsea Football Club are both based in the borough and play Premier League football. The borough can therefore claim to be home to two of the top twenty teams in English football. Queens Park Rangers is also within the borough, currently playing in the Championship.
- Ex-Nottingham Forest, Newcastle United, West Ham United, Manchester City and England international defender Stuart Pearce was born in Shepherd's Bush.
- Much-travelled former Queens Park Rangers striker Marcus Bent was born in Hammersmith.
- Sean Davis plays currently for Bolton Wanderers and was capped for England under-21s, he is one of the few players in history to play for the same club in all 4 divisions of the English football league whilst at Fulham.
- Tony Bedeau of Torquay United and Walsall was born in Hammersmith in 1979.
- Former Queens Park Rangers midfielder Lee Cook was born in Hammersmith in 1984.
Hammersmith & Fulham RFC have been playing in the borough at Hurlingham Park for over 30 years. They boast four senior men's sides and one Ladies XV. The men's 1st XV currently compete in London's NE2 League with the remainder of the sides participating in the Middlesex Merit Tables.
Lower Mall was home to a large number of rowing clubs at the end of the 19th Century, of which there are now only a few survivors. The headquarters of the national governing body, the Amateur Rowing Association, is also on Lower Mall, in a building, The Priory, which used to be occupied by rowing clubs.
- Barons Court tube station
- East Acton tube station
- Fulham Broadway tube station
- Goldhawk Road tube station
- Hammersmith tube station
- Imperial Wharf railway station
- Parsons Green tube station
- Putney Bridge tube station
- Ravenscourt Park tube station
- Shepherd's Bush tube station
- Shepherd's Bush Market tube station
- West Kensington tube station
- White City tube station
- Wood Lane tube station
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 26.8% of all residents aged 16-74; bus, minibus or coach, 8.8%; on foot, 8.8%; driving a car or van, 8.2%; bicycle, 5.1%; work mainly at or from home, 4.2%; train, 3.1%.
The borough has four theatres (Riverside Studios, Bush Theatre, the Lyric Hammersmith and Curtains Up). LAMDA is based in the borough. There are several cinema complexes. Studio 106 Art Gallery holds regular exhibitions and workshops.
The Lyric Hammersmith, on Lyric Square off King Street, is considered one of the most notable theatres outside the West End in London.
The borough is also home to the Hammersmith Apollo, which plays host to major concerts and stand up comedy performances.
The borough is the home of Lady Margaret School (LMS) on Parsons Green, a school that welcomes girls of all academic abilities aged 11–17 years. It has been at the forefront of girls' education for over 95 years and has its origins in Whitelands College School which was founded in 1842. When that school was threatened with closure Lady Margaret was established in September 1917 by the redoubtable Miss Enid Moberly Bell."The borough is also home to two prestigious independent girls' schools – St Paul's Girls' School in Brook Green (often ranked in first place in the country in league tables, with nearly 50% of each year group gaining entry to Oxbridge), and the Godolphin and Latymer School, situated a few minutes' walk from Hammersmith Broadway.
The exclusive independent girls' preparatory school Bute House is also in Brook Green.
- Hammersmith and Fulham parks and open spaces
- The "Hammersmith Apollo"
- Hammersmith and Fulham (UK Parliament constituency)
- History of Shepherd's Bush
- Tri-borough shared services
The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham has formal twinning arrangements with:
- Anderlecht, Belgium
- Boulogne-Billancourt, France
- Neukölln, Germany. The twinning is commemorated by a former German street lamp from West Berlin that now stands on Hammersmith Riverside, and was given by Willy Brandt when he was Mayor of West Berlin in 1963.
Below it is a plaque which reads:
The lamp above this plaque was formerly used to light a street in West Berlin
It was presented by Herr Willi Brandt, Mayor of West Berlin to Councillor Stanley Atkins, L. P. The Worshipful the Mayor of Hammersmith As a token of friendship between the two communities On the occasion of the Jumelage held in this Borough
1st June 1963
- 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
- "Local elections: Hammersmith & Fulham". BBC News Online. Retrieved 16 October 2009.
- "Our company information." Virgin Group. Retrieved on 14 January 2009. "The School House 50 Brook Green London, W6 7RR England"
- "Sony Ericsson at a glance.(Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson)(Sony Corp.)(Brief Article)." Employee Benefits. 2 March 2005. Retrieved on 18 November 2009.
- "Iberia Airlines." Latin American Travel Association. Retrieved on 6 September 2011. "Contacto Iberia House 10 Hammersmith Broadway London W6 7AL Reino Unido"
- "ANA City Offices/Ticketing Offices Europe." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 22 December 2008. "London Office 4th floor, Hythe House 200 Shepherds Bush Road London W6 7NY"
- "Ward Boundaries." London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. Retrieved 22 December 2008.
- "Legal Information – (EU)." South African Airways. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
- "Contact." Capcom. Retrieved on 12 August 2011. "UK: CE Europe Ltd 26–28 Hammersmith Grove, 9th Floor London W6 7HA" and "Germany: CEG Interactive Entertainment GmbH Barmbeker Strasse 4 b 22303 Hamburg, Germany" and "France: Capcom Entertainment France 30 bis, rue du Viel Abreuvoir FR.78100 Saint Germain En Laye"
- "Office Relocation for CE Europe to the Metro Building." Maris Interiors. May 2011. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Maris are pleased to announce the commencement of the office fit-out for CE Europe Ltd, who are relocating offices to the Metro Building, Hammersmith, London, W6." and "Maris are relocating CE Europe's London operations from their present offices in George House, 26–28 Hammersmith Grove to Hammersmith's Metro Building."
- "IranAir moves to new offices." (Archive) Iran Air. Retrieved on 29 February 2012. "177–179 Hammersmith Road, London, W6 8BS"
- "News from Iran Air." (Archive) Iran Air UK. Retrieved on 29 February 2012.
- "AIR FRANCE and KLM celebrate official inauguration of new office in London." Air France. 6 July 2006. Retrieved on 13 February 2010.
- "What is maladministration?". ADRnow. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
- "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
- "Libraries." London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. Retrieved on 22 December 2008.
- "A Is For Anderlecht - Dinners in Brussels". wordpress.com. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "West Berlin Street Lamp". londonremembers.com. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
London/Hammersmith and Fulham travel guide from Wikivoyage
- London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham official website
- Local Conservative Party
- Local Labour Party
- Greg Hands MP (Con) – for Chelsea and Fulham
- Andy Slaughter MP (Lab) for Hammersmith
- Local Listings Magazine
- Open data about Hammersmith & Fulham from OpenlyLocal