London Borough of Islington
|London Borough of Islington|
Islington shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Admin HQ||Upper Street, Islington|
|Incorporated||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Islington London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Labour)|
|• Mayor||Cllr Jilani Chowdhury|
|• MPs||Jeremy Corbyn
|• London Assembly||Jennette Arnold AM for North East|
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||5.74 sq mi (14.86 km2)|
|Area rank||324th (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||77th (of 326)|
|• Density||36,000/sq mi (14,000/km2)|
47.7% White British
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Postcodes||EC, N, WC|
|Police force||Metropolitan Police|
The London Borough of Islington i// is a London borough in Inner London. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies, Islington North and Islington South & Finsbury. The local authority is Islington Council.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Districts of Islington
- 3 Wards
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Transport
- 6 Major public and private bodies in Islington
- 7 Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Education
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose. In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury - names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.
Districts of Islington
The borough includes the areas:
- Finsbury Park
- Kings Cross
- Lower Holloway
- Nag's Head
- Newington Green
- Old Street
- St Luke's
- Tufnell Park
- Upper Holloway
- East Canonbury
- Newington Green
- Finsbury Park
- Highbury East
- Highbury West
- Saint Georges
- Saint Marys
- Saint Peters
Government and infrastructure
Islington Council is the borough's local authority. The mayor is cllr Twariq Chowdhury, the first Bangladeshi mayor of Islington. It is a London borough council, one of 32 in the United Kingdom capital. Islington is divided into 16 wards, each electing three councillors. Following the May 2010 election, Islington Council comprises 35 Labour Party councillors and 13 Liberal Democrat councillors. The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced two local authorities: Finsbury Metropolitan Borough Council and Islington Metropolitan Borough Council.
Islington has a wide variety of transportation services, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End. Islington also has ten tube stations within its boundaries, with connections by the tube to all around London.
There are ten Underground stations in the borough:
- Caledonian Road
- Finsbury Park
- Highbury and Islington
- Holloway Road
- Old Street
- Tufnell Park
London Overground stations
There are also several London Overground stations in the borough. They are as follows:
There are several railway stations in the borough. They are as follows:
Travel to work
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 19.4% of all residents aged 16–74; bus, minibus or coach, 10.3%; on foot, 10.3%; bicycle, 6.2%; driving a car or van, 6.0%; train, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 3.6%.
Major public and private bodies in Islington
There are two prisons in Islington, a men's prison, HM Prison Pentonville and a women's prison HM Prison Holloway, which in the early 20th century was used to hold many suffragettes. Some of the notable former inmates of Pentonville prison have been as follows.
- Hawley Harvey Crippen (Dr Crippen) was hanged in the prison in 1910 after being found guilty of murdering his wife.
- Frederick Seddon the poisoner, who was hanged in the prison in 1912.
- John Christie who was hanged in the prison in 1953 after having been convicted of murdering his wife.
- Charles Peace, notorious burglar and murderer.
- Timothy Evans, wrongfully accused co-tenant of John Christie.
- Neville Heath who was hanged in the prison in 1946 after having been convicted of murdering two women.
- Simon Dee, a radio/television personality, who served 28 days for non-payment of council tax on his former Chelsea home that he had not shared with his first wife since 1971/2
- Taki Theodoracopulos, gossip columnist for The Spectator, who was imprisoned in Pentonville for three months in 1984 on a cocaine possession charge. He wrote a book about the experience titled Nothing to Declare.
- David Irving, historian and holocaust denier.
- John Alford who spent six weeks in Pentonville in 1999 after selling illegal drugs to a reporter.
- Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers who served a sentence for drug possession
- Pete Doherty of The Libertines and Babyshambles who spent four nights in Pentonville in February 2005 while unable to make bail on charges which were later dropped. He subsequently wrote a song about the prison, named "Pentonville", which is on the Babyshambles album Down In Albion.
- Blake Fielder-Civil, husband of Amy Winehouse, who was held at Pentonville for grievous bodily harm and attempting to pervert the course of justice in 2008.
- Boy George, in 2009, for the assault and false imprisonment of a male escort.
Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington
- Almeida Theatre
- Artillery Ground
- Pleasance Theatre Islington
- Courtyard Theatre
- Emirates Stadium (and the former Arsenal Stadium at Highbury)
- Islington N1 Centre
- The Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art in Canonbury Square
- Hen and Chickens Theatre
- Islington Arts Factory, in Parkhurst Road,
- London Canal Museum, located in New Wharf Road, King's Cross
- Islington Museum, located at Finsbury Library
- Islington Local History Centre, located at Finsbury Library
- The King's Head Theatre
- Sadler's Wells Theatre
- Technology Mile - wireless access throughout Upper Street and Holloway Road.
- Union Chapel
- Peter Benenson House, headquarters of Amnesty International
- Little Angel Theatre a puppet theatre and producer of the Suspense Puppetry Festival of London.
- VUE Cinema, located inside the N1 center
- Odeon Cinema, located on Holloway Road
- St John's Gate, Clerkenwell (Islington's badge for London2012)
- The Screen On The Green, a single screen cinema on Upper Street
- Holloway in Islington is home to Freightliners City Farm which is one of the many city farms throughout London. The farm contains a wide range of animals from rabbits to cows to chickens and pigs all free for the public to view.
|Source: A Vision of Britain through time|
In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 65,721. This rose steadily throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; exceeding 200,000 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased — reaching nearly 400,000 by the turn of the century; with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury particularly suffering deprivation, poverty and severe overcrowding. The increase in population peaked before World War I, falling slowly in the aftermath until World War II began an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). The decline in population reversed in the 1980s, but it remains below its 1971 level.
According to the 2001 census Islington had a population of 175,797. It was 75% White, including 5% White Irish, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents were owner–occupiers.
The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:
- City University, London at Northampton Square, formerly the Northampton Institute, founded in 1894; and
- London Metropolitan University, North Campus on the Holloway Road, formed from the merger of the University of North London and London Guildhall University in 2002. The University of North London was founded on this site in 1896 as the Northern Polytechnic Institute.
The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:
- City and Islington College; and
- Westminster Kingsway College (while major improvement works are carried out at King's Cross).
The Musical Theatre Academy is a private performing arts college located in Islington.
The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Churches in Islington.|
- 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
- 'Islington: Growth', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 8: Islington and Stoke Newington parishes (1985), pp. 9-19 accessed: 13 March 2007
- "London Head Office." Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 9 September 2010.
- "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
- Technology Mile (Internet access) accessed 15 March 2007
- BBC education
- Islington Links
- Islington Council
- Weather forecast for Islington
- Islington Museum and Local History Centre