London Buses route 1
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (March 2010)|
|Garage||Mandela Way (MW)|
|Vehicle||Volvo B7TL 10.6m / Wright Eclipse Gemini|
|Peak vehicle requirement||Monday to Friday: 16
|Night-time||Night Bus N1|
|Start||Tottenham Court Road Station|
|Via||Elephant & Castle
|End||Canada Water Station|
|Length||6 miles (9 km)|
|Frequency||About every 8 minutes|
|Journey time||28-50 minutes|
|Operates||6:00am until 1:00am|
|London Transport portal|
Route 1 was one of the first motorbus routes to be introduced in London. It was in operation by November 1908. Despite subsequent route changes, it continues to serve part of its original route, between Aldwych and Elephant & Castle.
Route 1 once ran from Willesden to Lewisham, and more recently part provided a service between Lewisham and Bromley. It has since been curtailed at both ends of the route. At one point, the terminus was the now-closed County Terrace Tavern pub on the New Kent Road, until an accident in which a bus fell into the collapsed cellar of the pub. The night bus equivalent, route N1, terminated at Thamesmead.
The contract for the service was won in late 1998 by First Capital, a company based in North East London, and it was operated from distant Dagenham depot. Later, the route was re-allocted nearer to Hackney depot.
The Jubilee Line Extension in 1999 saw route 199 withdrawn between Surrey Quays and Elephant & Castle, causing route 1 to become the only route to serve South Bermondsey from East to West. The route suffered severe overcrowding at peak times on this section of the route, requiring extra buses to be drafted in to cover. These vehicles were provided by a various operators, including Blue Triangle. The extra workings were later absorbed by First.
A few years later, East Thames Buses (owned by London Buses) found themself needing to re-locate from its Ash Grove depot to make way for new articulated buses on route 38. A suitable base was found in Southwark, but most of the Ash Grove routes were a long way from Southwark. This caused a swap of routes to occur with various other companies, with East Thames Buses taking over the 1/N1. The changes were introduced from 15 October 2005, with East Thames Buses using a new fleet of Wright Eclipse Gemini bodied-Volvo B7TLs.
On 3 October 2009, East Thames Buses was taken over by Go-Ahead London. Route 1 is now operated by Go-Ahead London, who have a 5 year contract to run the service using the existing buses.
Current route 
- Canada Water Station Bus Station
- Surrey Quays Shopping Centre
- Surrey Quays Station
- South Bermondsey
- Elephant & Castle Station
- Waterloo Station
- Holborn Station
- Tottenham Court Road Station
(The current route is not the same as the route of the first omnibus service in London, started in 1829 by George Shillibeer.)