London Buses route 111

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111
Au Morandarte Flickr DSC01318 (9614925461).jpg
Overview
Operator London United
Garage Hounslow (AV)
Vehicle Scania OmniCity 10.8m
Peak vehicle requirement 23
Night-time 24-hour service
Route
Start Heathrow Airport Central bus station
Via Cranford
Heston
Hounslow
Hanworth
Hampton
End Kingston
Length 15 miles (24 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency 8-9 minutes
Journey time 54-89 minutes
Operates 24-hour service

London Buses route 111 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Heathrow Airport Central bus station and Kingston, it is operated by London United.

History[edit]

Route 111 commenced operating on 16 February 1944, as part of a restructuring and simplification of routes 110, 110A and 110B, running from Hounslow garage to Hounslow West, Heston and Lampton, back to Hounslow garage and then to Hanworth. It was extended via Twickenham, Richmond and Chiswick to Hammersmith on Sundays. The route was operated with ST buses from Hounslow garage. The Hammersmith extension was extended to run on Saturday afternoons and evenings in the late 1940s. Operation was by Regent III RT]]s from Hounslow garage with Mortlake working on the route at weekends. Riverside buses replaced the Mortlake ones on Saturdays from 3 May 1950.

On 27 June 1951, the section between Richmond and Hammersmith was withdrawn, being replaced by an extension of route 71. On 24 February 1952, the route was cut back to terminate at Twickenham station on Sundays. On 7 October 1953 it was further cut back on Sundays to terminate at Hanworth.

On 12 October 1955, the part of the circular section from Hounslow to Heston via Hounslow West was withdrawn and replaced by new route 232. Route 111 was extended from Heston to Heathrow Airport Central bus station via Cranford. On 2 May 1956, the section between London Airport Central and Cranford was withdrawn on weekdays except peak hours. On 17 October 1956, the Sunday service was also cut back at Cranford, while the Saturday service was similarly truncated on 28 July 1957.

On 11 January 1958, the Saturday evening service between Hanworth and Richmond was withdrawn. The Saturday afternoon extension to Richmond was cut back to Twickenham on 23 July 1958, and the Saturday and Sunday service extended to Cranford. From 12 October 1960 the remaining journeys between London Airport Central and Cranford were withdrawn, and on 8 May 1963 the Saturday journeys between Hanworth and Twickenham were withdrawn. Route 111 now ran just between Hanworth and Cranford every day.

On 1 July 1964, route 111 was extended to Hampton station on weekday daytimes and Saturdays, and on to Kingston via Hampton Court (Saturday shopping hours), although the route was withdrawn between Hounslow and Cranford except during weekday peaks. The Sunday service was withdrawn in January 1966. On 21 February 1966, the weekday evening service was extended to Cranford, but this was reversed on 7 September 1968.

Route 111 was converted to driver-only single-deck operation with AEC Swifts on 23 August 1969. It initially operated only between Cranford (weekday peaks and Sundays) or Hounslow (weekday off-peaks and Saturdays) and Hanworth. In the late 1960s, a self-service system was introduced on routes 110 and 111 where a passenger could buy tickets from a machine instead of the driver.[1] In January 1971, the weekday daytime service was reinstated between Hanworth and Hampton station.

On 19 July 1975, the Saturday evening and weekday service was extended to Cranford, and the Saturday evening and Sunday service was extended to Hampton station. The AEC Swifts were replaced by Leyland Nationals in 1976. On 28 January 1978, route 111 was extended from Hounslow to Cranford and from Hampton to Kingston at all times.

In April 1981, the route was extended from Cranford to Heathrow Airport Central. A year later it was converted to double-deck operation using MCW Metrobuses. On 31 August 1996, the Kingston terminus was moved from Wood Street to the Cromwell Road bus station.

In 2000, low-floor Alexander ALX400 bodied Volvo B7TL double deckers were bought to convert the route to low-floor and brand new Alexander ALX400 bodied Dennis Trident 2s were bought to help increase the frequency.

On 1 December 2007, route 111 was converted into a 24-hour service.[2] The plan was initially opposed by residents in Hampton, who had instead wanted an improved service on route 481.[3]

Upon being re-tendered, the route was retained by London United with a new contract commencing on 1 May 2010 with new Scania OmniCitys. Weekday peak hours service increased to every 8-9 minutes.[4]

Current route[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graeme Bruce, J; Curtis, Colin (1977). The London Motor Bus: Its Origins and Development. London Transport. p. 116. ISBN 0853290830. 
  2. ^ 24 hour service for 111 bus route Transport for London
  3. ^ 24-hour bus scheme fury Richmond & Twickenham Times 24 October 2007
  4. ^ Councillors' Details - London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

External links[edit]