London Buses route 118

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
118
Morden Station - geograph.org.uk - 1989435.jpg
Overview
Operator London General
Garage Merton (AL)
Vehicle Alexander Dennis Enviro400 10.1m
Peak vehicle requirement 12
Night-time Night bus N133
Route
Start Morden station
Via Mitcham
Streatham Vale
Streatham
End Brixton
Length 9 miles (14 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency 12-20 minutes
Journey time 34-63 minutes
Operates 03:55 until 02:01

London Buses route 118 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Morden station and Brixton, it is operated by London General.

History[edit]

Route 118 commenced operating on 18 November 1936 as a daily service between Mitcham Common and Clapham Common. It was introduced to partly replace route 5.

By 1950, the route had been extended at the southern end beyond Mitcham Common to Raynes Park, via Mitcham Cricket Green, Morden and Lower Morden, at that time being jointly operated seven days a week by Streatham and Merton garages using STL and D class vehicles respectively. By 1953, AEC Regent III RTs had taken over and for the next 15 years the route essentially continued unaltered.

On 22 March 1969, the route was withdrawn between Raynes Park and Morden Station as part of a policy of route shortening to improve efficiency and the gradual introduction of driver-only operation. (This withdrawn section formed the western end of new driver-only route M1 between Raynes Park and Hackbridge, operated by Merton Garage whose involvement in Route 118 ceased at this point, leaving Streatham Garage as the sole operator).

From 17 June 1972, the Sunday operation was transferred from Streatham to Brixton garage using AEC Regent III RTs. By this time, Streatham were able to convert the Saturday service to AEC Routemaster operation using vehicles spare from the weekday allocations on routes 49 and 159. From May 1973, Brixton gained a Monday to Saturday allocation as well and by May 1976 the route was fully converted to Routemaster operation, having been subject to a gradual changeover in the interim.

From 28 October 1978, Brixton Garage took over the route entirely, by which time it was the only service from that depot using Routemasters, the other crew (driver/conductor) operations on routes 109 and 133 both using Daimler Fleetlines (DM class). Even if Daimler Fleetlines were available for route 118, they were never used as their larger size made them inappropriate for use along the narrow Commonside East in Mitcham, a likely factor in the route not succumbing sooner to driver-only operation.

On 27 April 1985, the 118 was converted to one person operation (OPO) under the second of four major OPO conversion programmes implemented across London that year. Sixteen new MCW Metrobus (M class) vehicles were provided for this purpose. The issue of tight clearance along Commonside East was addressed by introducing 'passing points' with appropriate road signage for the drivers and the replacement of one of the existing road-side bus stops with a bay stop. By the end of 1985, Daimler Fleetlines (D/DMS class vehicles) started to appear alongside Metrobuses for various logistical reasons and continued to do so in increasing quantity until the end of Brixton Garage's involvement.

On 7 February 1987, the route was transferred from Brixton Garage to the newly reopened Streatham Garage. A batch of brand new Leyland Olympians (L class) were provided for Streatham's double-deck OPO services, operating Route 118, as well as the 50 and 249. From the same date, the 118 exchanged routing with the 137 between Streatham Hill Station and the Kings Avenue/South Circular Road junction.

From June 1987, the OPO conversion of Route 49 lead to an influx of mostly earlier examples of Metrobuses into Streatham Garage, resulting in mixed L and M class operation across all their OPO services, including the 118. By 1989, the L class vehicles were required elsewhere to cover tendered routes and were replaced at Streatham Garage by D/DMS class vehicles, resulting in their return to the 118.

On 6 January 1990, the 118 was withdrawn between Streatham Hill Station and Clapham Common, with this section passing to route 60. The 118 was re-routed to terminate at Brixton Garage off-peak, extending Monday-Friday peak hours to Brixton Station, basically just mirroring the trunk routes 109,133 and 159 along this path.

On 10 August 1991, the Sunday service was transferred to Norwood garage and converted to single-deck operation using Dennis Darts.

On 14 March 1992, tendering losses elsewhere in South London forced the closure of Streatham Garage after only five years of renewed operation, resulting in the 118 reallocating back to Brixton Garage and converting to Leyland Titan (T class) operation in the process. (Leyland Titans, made spare by tendering losses in Walthamstow, had transferred to Brixton and other South London garages from late 1991, ousting almost all remaining D/DMS class vehicles).

On 3 February 1993, the entire evening service was converted to single-deck Midibus operation from Norwood garage. Around this time, Leyland Titans began to be replaced at Brixton Garage by Metrobuses, reverting the 118 in the process. On 29 January 1994, the 118 was extended to run to Brixton Station at all times rather than just Monday-Friday rush hours. On 23 March 1996, the weekday evening service reverted to double-deck operation from Brixton Garage. On 31 September 1997, the Sunday service reverted to double-deck operation from Brixton. In April 2000, single-deckers of a longer variation were introduced on Sunday using vehicles spare on that day from Brixton's route 319.

Upon being re-tendered the route passed to London General's Merton garage in February 2001 with Plaxton President bodided Volvo B7TLs (PVL class) introduced. London General commenced further contracts on 4 February 2006[1] and 5 February 2011 with new Alexander Dennis Enviro 400s (E class) as part of the current contract. In practice however, operation tends to be a mix of E class, WVL class (Wright Eclipse Gemini) and the small number of the PVL class still remaining at Merton.

[2][3]

Current route[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bus tender results Route 118 Transport for London 22 June 2005
  2. ^ Bus tender results Route 118 Transport for London 14 May 2010
  3. ^ Excellent! BusTalk (Go-Ahead London) issue 4 June 2010

External links[edit]