London Buses route 143
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2009)|
|Vehicle||Alexander Dennis Enviro200 Dart 10.2m
Volvo B9TL 10.4m / Wright Eclipse Gemini 2
|Peak vehicle requirement||12|
|Night-time||No night service|
|Length||8 miles (13 km)|
|Frequency||About every 12-20 minutes|
|Journey time||34-58 minutes|
|Operates||05:17 until 00:12|
Today's 143 route commenced operation on 5 December 1924 as a Sunday only service between Hendon (Church End) and Addiscombe(Black Horse) via Church Road, Finchley Lane, Hendon Lane, Regents Park Road, East End Road, East Finchley, Great North Road, Archway Road, Holloway Road, Upper Street, Angel, Islington, City Road, Finsbury Pavement, Bank, London Bridge, Borough, Elephant & Castle, Kennington, Brixton Road, Streatham Hill, Streatham, West Croydon and Croydon.
The Monday to Saturday service was provided by a 143A which ran between Hendon (Church End) and London Bridge Station which had commenced operation four days earlier than the 143 on 1 December 1924. There were also two supplementary suffixed operations for shortworking buses: 143B Hendon (Church End) - Streatham Common (Greyhound) and 143C Highgate (Archway Tavern) - Addiscombe. The 143 group of routes was closely connected to the 43 group of routes and was in fact a renumbering of the 43A route.
The daily route was standardised as the 143 by 1934 on the frormation of the London Passenger Transport Board. By 1940 the route was shortened to run from Hendon Central to Highgate (Archway). The 143 then remained stable until 1958 when the Sunday service was withdrawn and replaced by Route 133 (Hendon Central -South Croydon Garrage). On 1 February 1961, the route was extended from Archway to Farringdon Street as part of the Trolley Bus Replacement Program. This extension was modified in November of that year to run to Farringdon Street on Monday to Friday and Saturday Mornings, to Kings Cross Saturday afternoons and to Archway Saturday evenings. This arrangement lasted until 31 December 1966 when the Saturday service between Farringdon Street and Kings Cross was withdrawn. From February 1961 the route was transferred from Holloway Garrage (J) to Highgate (HT) and received Routemaster (RM) busses.
1968, saw the conversion of the route to one person operated single deck, (MB class AEC swifts, referred to as "Merlins" by London Transport) and the route was withdrawn between Farringdon Street and Archway at all times on 30 November. A Sunday service was added at this time to cover the withdrawn section of route 133. The single deck buses were replaced by double deck Daimler Fleetlines (DMSs) during April 1975. The route received an extension from Hendon to Brent Cross Shopping Centre during shopping hours on 31 January 1976.
The route transferred garages on 28 October 1978 to Hendon (AE), and the DMSs were replaced by MCW Metrobuses during February 1980. The Sunday service was withdrawn on 4 September 1982 and reintroduced for a brief period between 4 February 1984 and 6 June 1987 but only running between Hendon Central and East Finchley, when it was replaced by route 271. The closure of Hendon Garage saw the route pass to Holloway Garage during June 1987, and to Edgware garage in November.
During February 1991, the route was diverted to serve narrow roads in Finchley and so the Metrobuses were replaced by Optare StarRider minibuses and the Sunday service was also reintroduced. Some Schoolday journeys followed the old routing using the number 143A.
The allocation was transferred to Cricklewood in January 1994, and double deck schoolday journeys using Metroline's Metrobuses were added between Archway and East Finchley on 2 September 1996. The school journeys were transferred in June 1998 to London Traveller, later Metropolitan Omnibus, but returned to Metroline in 2003.
A garage reshuffle took place in November 2002, when the 143 was moved back to Cricklewood (W).
On 28 June 2003, the route was extended to Brent Cross at all times. on 21 May 2005, tendering saw the route pass to Thorpes and operated from West Perivale (PA). Metroline subsequently bought out Thorpes, and so Metroline once again operate the route. On 9 June 2012, route 143's allocation was transferred to Cricklewood (W).
- Brent Cross Shopping Centre Bus Station
- Hendon Central Station
- Hendon The Quadrant
- Finchley Central Station
- East Finchley Station
- Highgate Village
- Archway Station Macdonald Road