London Buses route 34

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34
London Bus route 34.jpg
Overview
Operator Arriva London
Garage Palmers Green (AD)
Vehicle DAF DB250LF 10.2m / Alexander ALX400
Alexander Dennis Enviro400 10.2m
DAF DB250LF 10.2m / Plaxton President
Peak vehicle requirement 22
Night-time No night service
Route
Start Barnet
Via Whetstone
Arnos Grove
Palmers Green
Edmonton
End Walthamstow Central station
Length 12 miles (19 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency 8-12 minutes
Journey time 38-71 minutes
Operates 04:30 until 01:30

London Buses route 34 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Barnet and Walthamstow Central station, it is operated by Arriva London.

History[edit]

Route 34 commenced operation on 3 October 1934, when the London Passenger Transport Board, which had been responsible for London's buses since 1 July 1933, revised its route numbering system. Route 34, which was actually a re-numbering of route 604, ran daily between Whetstone and Stratford via Palmers Green, Walthamstow and Leyton. This was the second time that the route number 34 had been used on a London bus route.

Also introduced on 3 October 1934, was a 34A, a daily service which ran between Stratford and Chingford Mount with an irregular Monday - Saturday extension to Chingford. This route was a re-numbering of route 511.

Lastly the 34B, also introduced on 3 October 1934 was a Monday - Saturday peak hours route between Lower Edmonton station and Walthamstow via Lea Valley Viaduct and the North Circular Road. This route was previously numbered 167 and was historically part of the 76 group of routes. It remained closely linked to the 76 throughout its lifetime.

In 1936, the route ran from Whetstone through to Walthamstow and Stratford at an impressive 5 minute frequency most of the way (every 3¾ minutes on Saturdays). On 17 February 1937, route 34 was withdrawn between Leyton Green and Stratford. The route 34B journeys to Stratford, which had been introduced in 1936, were also withdrawn at this time.

As a wartime economy measure, the 34A was withdrawn after service on 31 October 1939. At the same time, the 34B was extended from Lower Edmonton station to Brimsdown via Ponders End, replacing journeys on route 69.

After the war, buses were running from New Barnet via what is now route 326 to Whetstone, and the section between the Crooked Billet and Stratford had been given over to the trolleybuses. Later, the route was extended into Barnet and to Chesterfield Road (present 184 routeing) and by the 1970s the present direct route into Barnet via Barnet Hill had been adopted, the route via New Barnet then covered by part of the 260. At the other end, buses had been restored to Walthamstow and Leyton, reaching Leytonstone from 16 June 1973. Later the route was curtailed to Walthamstow Central station.

Major rebuilding of the North Circular Road in the mid 1990s had quite an effect on route 34. As well as the building of the Woodford-Barking link, most of the road between Hanger Lane and north Walthamstow has now been upgraded. Just a few bottlenecks around Neasden, Finchley (Henly's Corner, where it crosses the A1) and New Southgate-Palmers Green remain to be done. The result is a very good road, with lots of new flyovers and underpasses constructed. Route 34 does not stick to the fast road, but, as buses do, dives off onto every possible service road and access way.

However, during the construction, traffic congestion was very heavy, and it was decided to split the route into sections. It had been every 15 minutes Barnet to Walthamstow, but the new sections were Barnet to Edmonton and Arnos Grove to Walthamstow, every 20 minutes each giving a 10 minute service on the overlap. Some of the worst congestion was around Edmonton, where a huge underpass under Silver Street station and Fore Street was built. Once the North Circular works were completed, the 34 was retendered, with quite a big improvement in that buses would run every 10 minutes throughout - i.e. the overlap frequency throughout the route.

On 24 March 2012, route 34 was transferred to Lee Valley and Palmers Green garages. On 1 March 2014, the Lee Valley allocation was transferred to Palmers Green.

Upon being re-tendered, the route was awarded to Metroline's Potters Bar garage with the transfer to occur on 8 November 2014.[1]

Current route[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Latest news London Omnibus Traction Society

External links[edit]