Gatwick Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from London Gatwick Airport)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Gatwick" redirects here. For the village in Surrey, see Gatwick, Surrey.
"LGW" redirects here. For other uses, see LGW (disambiguation).
Gatwick Airport
Gatwick Airport logo.svg
Gatwick Airport, 10 Sept. 2008 - Phillip Capper.jpg
IATA: LGWICAO: EGKK
WMO: 03776
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Gatwick Airport Limited
Serves London, United Kingdom
Location Crawley, West Sussex
Hub for British Airways
Elevation AMSL 203 ft / 62 m
Coordinates 51°08′53″N 000°11′25″W / 51.14806°N 0.19028°W / 51.14806; -0.19028Coordinates: 51°08′53″N 000°11′25″W / 51.14806°N 0.19028°W / 51.14806; -0.19028
Website www.gatwickairport.com
Map
LGW is located in West Sussex
LGW
LGW
Location in West Sussex, England
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 2,565 8,415 Asphalt
08R/26L 3,316 10,879 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 35,444,206
Passenger change 12-13 Increase3.5%
Aircraft Movements 250,520
Movements change 12-13 Increase1.4%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Gatwick Airport[nb 1] (IATA: LGWICAO: EGKK) is 2.7 nautical miles (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) north of the centre of Crawley,[1] West Sussex, and 29.5 miles (47.5 km) south of Central London.[4] Also known as London Gatwick,[1] it is London's second-largest international airport and the second-busiest (by total passenger traffic) in the United Kingdom (after Heathrow).[5] Gatwick is Europe's leading airport for point-to-point flights[nb 2][6] and has the world's busiest single-use runway, with a maximum of 55 aircraft movements per hour.[7] Its two terminals (North and South) cover an area of 98,000 m2 (1,050,000 sq ft) and 160,000 m2 (1,700,000 sq ft), respectively.[8] In 2014, 38.1 million passengers passed through the airport, a 7.6 per cent increase on 2013.[9]

From 1978 to 2008, many flights to and from the United States used Gatwick because of restrictions on the use of Heathrow implemented in the Bermuda II agreement between the UK and the US.[10] US Airways, Gatwick's last remaining US carrier, ended service from Gatwick on 30 March 2013.[11] This leaves Gatwick without a scheduled US airline for the first time in over 35 years.[12] The airport is a base for scheduled airlines Aer Lingus, British Airways (BA), EasyJet, Monarch Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Virgin Atlantic and charter operators such as Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways. Gatwick is unique amongst London's airports in its representation of the three main airline business models: full service, low-no frills and charter.[13] During Gatwick's 2011–12 financial year,[nb 3] these accounted for 33 percent, 55 percent and 11 percent of total passenger traffic respectively.[14]

BAA Limited and its predecessors, BAA plc and the British Airports Authority, owned and operated Gatwick from 1 April 1966 to 2 December 2009.[15][16] On 17 September 2008, BAA announced it would sell Gatwick after the Competition Commission published a report about BAA's market dominance in London and the South East. On 21 October 2009 it was announced that an agreement had been reached to sell Gatwick to a consortium led by Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP), who also have a controlling interest in London City and Edinburgh[nb 4] airports, for £1.51 billion. The sale was completed on 3 December.[17]

History[edit]

The land on which Gatwick Airport stands was first developed as an aerodrome in the late 1920s. The Air Ministry approved commercial flights from the site in 1933, and the first terminal, "The Beehive" was built in 1935. Major development work at the airport took place during the 1950s.

Ownership[edit]

Since 2009, the airport has been owned and operated by Gatwick Airport Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Ivy Holdco Limited. Ivy Holdco is owned by a consortium of companies, with the following holdings as of March 2014:

Owner Shares [18]
Global Infrastructure Partners 41.95%
Future Fund Board of Guardians 17.23%
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority 15.9%
The California Public Employees' Retirement System 12.78%
National Pension Service of Korea 12.14%

In February 2010, GIP sold minority stakes of 12 percent and 15 percent to the South Korean National Pension Service and the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) for £100 million and £125 million, respectively, in Gatwick's (rather than GIP's) name. The sales were part of GIP's strategy to syndicate the equity portion of the original acquisition by issuing bonds to refinance bank debt. Although this entails bringing additional investors into the airport, GIP aims to retain management control.[19][20] The Californian state pension fund CalPERS acquired a 12.7- percent stake in Gatwick Airport for about $155 million (£104.8 million) in June 2010.[21]

On 21 December 2010, the A$69 billion (£44 billion) Future Fund, a sovereign wealth fund established by the Australian government in 2006, agreed to purchase a 17.2-percent stake in Gatwick Airport from GIP for £145 million. This transaction completed GIP's syndication process for the airport, reducing its stake to 42 percent (although the firm's extra voting rights mean it still controls the airport's board).[22]

Operations[edit]

Blue-and-grey terminal building and parking lot
Gatwick's North Terminal building and transit station

Facilities[edit]

The airport has two terminals, North and South. Both have shops and restaurants landside and airside, and all areas are accessible to disabled passengers. There are facilities for baby changing and feeding, and play areas and video games for children; business travellers have specialised lounges. On 31 May 2008, Virgin Holidays opened the V Room, Gatwick's first lounge dedicated to leisure travellers, for use by Virgin Holidays customers flying to Orlando, Las Vegas and the Caribbean on sister airline Virgin Atlantic.[23]

On 9 April 2009, an independent pay-for-access lounge, No.1 Traveller, opened in the South Terminal. Gatwick has a conference and business centre, and several on- and off-site hotels ranging in class from executive to economy. The airport has Anglican, Catholic and Free Church chaplains, and there are multi-faith prayer and counselling rooms in each terminal. A daily service is led by one of the chaplains.[24]

Passengers with luggage looking at arriving-flights board
South Terminal international arrivals concourse

The Civil Aviation Authority Safety Regulation Group is in Aviation House.[25] WesternGeco, a geophysical services company, has its head office and Europe-Africa-Russia offices in Schlumberger House,[26][27] a 124,000 sq ft (11,500 m2) building on the airport grounds[28] near the South Terminal. The company had a 15-year lease on the building, scheduled to expire in June 2008. In 2007, WesternGeco reached an agreement with its landlord, BAA Lynton, extending its lease to 2016 at an initial rent of £2.1 million.[28] Fastjet has its registered and head offices at Suite 2C in First Point at the airport.[29]

Before the sale, BAA planned an £874 million investment at Gatwick over five years, including increased capacity for both terminals, improvements to transport interchange and a new baggage system for the South Terminal.[30] Passengers passing through the airport are informed about the redevelopment programme with large mobile barcodes on top of construction hoardings. Scanning these transfers information on the construction to the user's smartphone.[31]

In summer 2013, Gatwick introduced Gatwick Connect, a free flight-connection service to assist passengers changing flights at Gatwick whose airlines do not provide full flight-connection service. At a Gatwick Connect desk in the baggage reclaim hall in each terminal, passengers can confirm their details or leave their bags for onward flights if already checked in online. As of August 2014, the service is available to EasyJet, Flybe, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Airlines, Virgin Atlantic and WOW air passengers.[32][33]

Flight movements[edit]

Tall, white control tower
The airport control tower opened in 1984.

Gatwick operates as a single-runway airport although it has two runways; the northern runway (08L/26R) can only be used when the main runway (08R/26L) is out of use for any reason. Documentation published by the airport in April 2014 indicates that the usable length of its main runway (08R/26L) is 11,178 ft (3,407 m) when aircraft take off in a westerly direction (26) and 10,863 ft (3,311 m) when takeoffs occur in an easterly direction (08). The documentation lists the respective usable runway lengths for the northern runway (08L/26R) as 9,974 ft (3,040 m) (direction 08) and 8,858 ft (2,700 m) (direction 26), and states that nearly three-quarters of takeoffs are towards the west (74 percent, over a 12-month period). Both runways are 148 ft (45 m) wide; they are 656 ft (200 m) apart,[34] which is insufficient for the simultaneous use of both runways. During normal operations the northern runway is used as a taxiway,[35][36] consistent with its original construction (although it was gradually widened).[37]

The main runway uses a Category III Instrument Landing System (ILS). The northern runway does not have an ILS; when it is in use, arriving aircraft use a combination of distance measuring equipment and assistance from the approach controller (using surveillance radar) or (where equipped, and subject to operator approval) an RNAV (GNSS) approach (also available for the main runway).[38] On both runways, a continuous descent approach is used to minimise the environmental effects of incoming aircraft, particularly at night.[39]

Night flights are subject to restrictions;[40] between 11 pm and 7 am, noisier aircraft (rated QC/8 and QC/16) may not operate. From 11.30 pm to 6 am (the night quota period) there are three limits:

Security[edit]

The airport is policed by the Gatwick District of Sussex Police. The district is responsible for the entire airport (including aircraft) and, in certain circumstances, aircraft in flight. The 150 officers attached to this district include armed and unarmed officers, and community support officers for minor offences. The airport district counters man-portable surface-to-air missiles (MANPADS) by patrolling in and around the airport, and a separate sub-unit has vehicle checks around the airport.[42]

Gatwick is one of three UK airports with body scanners, located in the main search areas of both terminals. Access to airside portions of the airport is controlled and maintained by the airport's team of security officers, regulated by the Department for Transport. Brook House, an immigration-removal centre of the UK Border Agency, was opened near the airport on 18 March 2009 by Home Secretary Jacqui Smith.[43]

Major airlines[edit]

British Airways aircraft on stand at the North Terminal, with other aircraft in the background

By late 2014, EasyJet flew 109 routes from Gatwick with a fleet of 57 aircraft.[44][45] The airport is the carrier's largest base, and its 16 million passengers per year accounted for 45 percent of Gatwick's 2013 total[46] (ahead of Gatwick's second-largest passenger airline: British Airways (BA), whose 4.5 million passengers comprised 14 percent of total passenger traffic in 2011–12).[nb 3][47][48]

The airport is a hub for British Airways; BA and EasyJet are Gatwick's dominant resident airlines. In terms of passengers carried, both airlines were among the five largest airlines operating at Gatwick in 2010 (which also included Thomson Airways, Monarch Airlines and Thomas Cook Airlines at the time).[49] In terms of total scheduled airline seats at Gatwick in 2014, EasyJet accounted for 18.36 million, more than two-and-a-half times as many as second-placed BA (seven million) and nearly five times the number offered by third-placed Norwegian (3.74 million).[50]

EasyJet's acquisition of BA franchise carrier GB Airways in March 2008 increased its share of airport slots to 24 percent (from 17 percent in late 2007); the airline became the largest short-haul operator at the airport, accounting for 29 percent of short-haul passengers.[51] By 2009, BA's share of Gatwick slots had fallen to 20 percent from its peak of 40 percent in 2001.[52] By 2010, this had declined to 16 percent.[53][54] By mid-2012, EasyJet had 45 percent of Gatwick's early-morning peak time slots (6 am to 8:55 am).[nb 5][55]

Gatwick Airport ramp view from the Bloc Hotel
Ramp view of the airport, taken from the Bloc Hotel on the 7th Floor of the South Terminal (looking towards the North Terminal)

By 2008, Flybe was Gatwick's third-largest airline (accounting for nine percent of its slots) and its fastest-growing airline.[52][56] It became the airport's largest domestic operator, carrying 1.2 million passengers in its 2011–12 financial year on eight routes to destinations in the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.[nb 3][57] In March 2013, the airline announced that it would end operations at Gatwick, citing unsustainably high airport charges and increases in UK Air Passenger Duty. Flybe sold its 25 pairs of daily slots[nb 6] at the airport to EasyJet for £20 million.[58][59] The latter's share of Gatwick slots increased to 44 percent in summer 2014; second-placed BA has held about 16 percent of the airport's slots since 2010.[53][54][60] Following the sale of its Gatwick slots to EasyJet, Flybe continues to provide the scheduled service between Gatwick and Newquay, as a result of being awarded the contract to fly this route under a four-year Public Service Obligation (PSO).[61]

The EU–US Open Skies Agreement, which became effective on 30 March 2008, led a number of airlines to downsize their transatlantic operations at Gatwick in favour of Heathrow. Continental Airlines was the second transatlantic carrier (after American Airlines)[62] to leave Gatwick after its decision to transfer the seasonal Cleveland service to Heathrow on 3 May 2009.[63][64]

Slots left by the US carriers (and the collapse of Zoom, XL Airways UK and Sterling) were taken by EasyJet, Flybe, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Ryanair. A number of new, full-service airlines have established operations at the airport, including Caribbean Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Swiss International Air Lines, Turkish Airlines and Vietnam Airlines. This is part of the airport's strategy to attract higher-spending business travellers (countering its dependence on European low-cost and charter markets), increasing year-round capacity utilisation by smoothing peaks and troughs in traffic. Gatwick's success in persuading these airlines to launch (or re-launch) routes to overseas destinations important for business and leisure travel was aided by a lack of comparable slots at Heathrow.[65][66][67]

City Place Gatwick[edit]

Main article: City Place Gatwick

Gatwick's original terminal, the Beehive, is included within the City Place Gatwick office complex together with 1, 2 and 3 City Place.[68][69][70][71][72] The complex was developed by BAA Lynton.[73]

A number of airlines have had offices at the Beehive, including BEA/British Airways Helicopters,[74][75] Jersey Airlines, Caledonian Airways, Virgin Atlantic and GB Airways.[76][77][78][79] Other airlines which had headquarters on airport property (including office buildings on the site of, or adjacent to, the original 1930s airport) include British Caledonian,[80][81] British United Airways,[82] CityFlyer Express,[83] Laker Airways[84] and Tradewinds Airways.[85][86]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Scheduled services[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Seasonal: Ljubljana North
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens, Heraklion (begins 21 June 2015) South
Aer Lingus Belfast-City, Dublin, Knock South
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli South
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Tangier South
airBaltic Riga South
Air Europa Madrid South
Air Malta Malta South
Air Transat Calgary, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax, Montreal-Trudeau, St. John's (begins 18 June 2015),[87] Vancouver
South
Aurigny Air Services Guernsey South
Belavia Minsk-National South
British Airways Algiers, Alicante, Amsterdam, Antigua, Barbados, Barcelona, Bermuda, Bordeaux, Cancún, Colombo (ends 28 March 2015), Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal (begins 11 May 2015),[88] Genoa, Glasgow-International, Gran Canaria (begins 29 March 2015),[88] Grenada, Jersey, Kingston, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Vegas, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Mauritius, Naples, Nice, Orlando, Port of Spain, Providenciales (begins 29 March 2015),[89] Punta Cana, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Salzburg, Seville,[88] Sharm el-Sheikh (begins 14 September 2015),[90] Tampa, Tenerife-South, Tirana, Tobago, Turin, Venice, Verona
Seasonal: Bari, Bodrum (begins 26 April 2015), Cagliari (begins 26 April 2015), Catania, Dalaman (begins 26 April 2015), Friedrichshafen, Geneva, Grenoble, Heraklion (begins 26 April 2015), Ibiza, Innsbruck, Malé,[91] Paphos, Pisa, Rhodes (begins 29 April 2015),[92] Thessaloniki
North
Caribbean Airlines Port of Spain North
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Split South
easyJet Aberdeen, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari,[93] Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast-International, Bologna, Brindisi (begins 1 April 2015),[94] Brussels, Bucharest (ends 27 March 2015),[95] Budapest, Catania, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Faro, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gibraltar, Glasgow, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey, Kraków, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lisbon, Lyon, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Moscow-Domodedovo, Murcia, Nantes,[96] Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne (ends 27 March 2015),[95] Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Santiago de Compostela, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sofia, Strasbourg, Stuttgart (begins 29 March 2015),[94] Tallinn, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya,[97] Bastia, Bodrum, Brest, Cephalonia, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Figari (begins 14 June 2015),[94] Grenoble, Ibiza, Izmir,[98] Kos, La Rochelle, Preveza (begins 17 May 2015), Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Turin, Zakynthos
North
easyJet Agadir, Almería, Athens, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Funchal, Hamburg, Innsbruck, Luxembourg, Madrid, Marseille, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montpellier, Munich, Palermo, Paphos, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Biarritz, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Kalamata, Mahón, Mykonos, Olbia,[99] Pula (begins 23 June 2015),[100] Santorini
South
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva North
Emirates Dubai-International North
Flybe Newquay South
Garuda Indonesia Amsterdam, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta North
Germania Erfurt (resumes 2 March 2015),[101] Pristina South
Iberia Express Madrid (begins 29 March 2015)[102] TBA
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík North
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Sulaimaniyah
Meridiana Naples, Cagliari, Olbia North
Monarch Airlines Alicante, Barcelona, Enfidha, Faro, Funchal, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Menorca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Tobago (ends 28 April 2015)
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Friedrichshafen, Grenoble, Ibiza, Larnaca, Paphos, Venice, Verona
South
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Ålesund, Alicante, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Copenhagen, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Madrid, Málaga, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Sandefjord, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tenerife-South, Tromsø, Trondheim, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Catania, Cephalonia (begins 18 April 2015), Corfu, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Ibiza, Salzburg, Santa Cruz de la Palma,[103] Split
South
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul[nb 7]
Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Orlando (begins 4 April 2015)[104] South
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman North
Qatar Airways Doha (resumes 1 May 2015)[105] TBA
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Marrakech North
Ryanair Cork, Dublin, Kaunas, Shannon
Seasonal: Seville
South
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines[106]
Seasonal: Prague (begins 2 April 2015)[107] South
SunExpress İzmir South
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva South
Syphax Airlines Enfidha South
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto South
Thomson Airways Agadir, Alicante, Antalya, Aswan, Banjul, Boa Vista, Cancún, Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Girona, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, La Romana, Lanzarote, Luxor, Málaga, Malta, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Mauritius, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Sal, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Varadero North
Tunisair Tunis North
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen North
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil South
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi (ends 27 March 2015), Ho Chi Minh City (ends 28 March 2015) North
Virgin Atlantic Antigua, Barbados, Cancún, Grenada, Havana, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Orlando, Saint Lucia, Tobago (resumes 29 March 2015)[108] South
Vueling Barcelona, Bilbao (resumes 29 March 2015), Florence, Rome-Fiumicino (begins 29 March 2015) North
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík South

Charters[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aer Lingus Seasonal charter: Friedrichshafen South
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas, Sofia, Varna South
Monarch Airlines Seasonal charter: Cephalonia, Chania, Corfu, Goa (ends 18 April 2015), Heraklion, Kos, Rhodes, Skiathos, Volos, Zakynthos South
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir South
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Athens, Corfu, Chania, Gran Canaria, Kalamata, Larnaca, Kefalonia, Kos, Malta, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Tirana, Zakynthos South
Germania Seasonal charter: Corfu, Heraklion, Larnaca, Rhodes, Skiathos, Zakynthos South
Thomas Cook Airlines Charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Dalaman, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Holguín, Hurghada, Izmir, Lanzarote, Montego Bay, Paphos, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal charter: Acapulco, Agadir, Almería, Banjul, Barbados, Brescia, Burgas, Corfu, Djerba, Fagernes, Faro, Geneva, Goa, Genoa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Lleida-Alguaire, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Lemnos, Luxor, Malta, Menorca, Naples, Olbia, Orlando, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Reno/Tahoe (begins 19 December 2015),[109] Reus, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Turin, Varadero, Zakynthos
South
Thomson Airways Seasonal charter: Acapulco, Alghero, Araxos Patras, Aruba, Barbados, Bodrum, Burgas, Catania, Chambéry, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Geneva, Grenoble, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Ivalo, İzmir, Jerez, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kittilä, Kos, Kuusamo, Larnaca, Menorca, Mykonos, Naples, Plovdiv, Preveza, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Sofia, Split (begins 1 May 2015), Thessaloniki, Tivat, Toulouse, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Zakynthos North

Terminal moves[edit]

As part of a recently agreed, seven-year strategic commercial partnership between Gatwick and EasyJet, the airport proposes a number of changes to individual airlines' terminal locations. If agreed by all parties, the proposed changes will see EasyJet consolidate all Gatwick operations in the North Terminal while British Airways and Virgin Atlantic will swap their current terminals. Gatwick believes that these terminal moves will improve the airport's operational efficiency and resilience as the use of different terminals by EasyJet and British Airways would reduce pressure on the North Terminal's check-in, security, boarding and ramp areas at peak times. In addition, a terminal swap by Virgin would free up lounge and gate space for BA long-haul passengers in the South Terminal and, unlike BA's current short-haul schedules, Virgin's long-haul schedules would not clash with EasyJet's busy schedule in the North Terminal due to the airlines' differing peak times.[46]

It was confirmed in January 2015 that British Airways will move all its flights to the South Terminal in November 2016 while all EasyJet flights will be consolidated in the North Terminal at the same time.[110][45]

Busiest routes[edit]

In 2012, passenger numbers declined for some busy Spanish destinations, although there was an increase in for Barcelona, Milan, Nice and the long-haul destination Cancun, Mexico. The greatest 2012 increase in domestic passengers was for Aberdeen and other airports in Scotland and Northern Ireland, while short-haul traffic within England declined.

Busiest international routes, 2012[111]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change 2011 / 12
1  Spain, Malaga 979,005 Decrease 13
2  Ireland, Dublin 936,552 Increase 2
3  Spain, Barcelona 796,541 Increase 44
4   Switzerland, Geneva 735,766 Increase 4
5  Spain, Madrid 702,875 Decrease 12
6  Netherlands, Amsterdam 677,216 Increase 8
7  USA, Orlando 674,436 Increase 7
8  Portugal, Faro 659,107 Decrease 4
9  Spain, Palma de Mallorca 625,034 Increase 2
10  UAE, Dubai 620,853 Increase 1
11  Spain, Alicante 578,894 Decrease 22
12  Spain, Tenerife South 551,136 Decrease 9
13  Italy, Venice Marco Polo 545,937 Increase 24
14  Italy, Milan Malpensa 541,674 Increase 51
15  Denmark, Copenhagen 490,081 Increase 18
16  France, Nice 483,292 Increase 49
17  Italy, Rome Fiumicino 465,103 Decrease 3
18  Turkey, Dalaman 442,275 Decrease 6
19  Egypt, Sharm el-Sheikh 403,525 Increase 6
20  Barbados, Bridgetown 371,357 Decrease 13
21  Cyprus, Paphos 370,783 Increase 1
22  Italy, Naples 361,749 Increase 3
23  Germany, Berlin Schönefeld 323,812 Increase 20
24  Spain, Arrecife de Lanzarote 308,801 Decrease 3
25  Mexico, Cancun 299,836 Increase 31
26  France, Marseille 286,115 Decrease 3
27  Sweden, Stockholm Arlanda 281,114 Increase 15
28  Turkey, Antalya 276,009 Increase 7
29  France, Toulouse 274,499 Increase 1
30  Norway, Oslo Gardermoen 273,477 Increase 6
31  Italy, Bologna 270,049 Decrease 8
32  USA, Las Vegas 268,104 Decrease 2
33  Morocco, Marrakesh 260,318 Increase 7
34  Malta, Malta 258,978 Decrease 9
35  Canada, Toronto Pearson 257,665 Decrease 1
36  Italy, Pisa 257,635 Increase 20
37  Italy, Verona 256,845 Increase 23
38  France, Bordeaux 251,119 Increase 9
39  Germany, Munich 244,103 Increase 5
40  Greece, Heraklion 231,106 Increase 7
41  Portugal, Porto 224151 Decrease 11
42  Spain, Ibiza 222,622 Increase 2
43  Cyprus, Larnaca 220,852 Decrease 18
44   Switzerland, Basle Mulhouse 218,843 Increase 22
45  Greece, Corfu 207,274 Increase 2
46  Spain, Mahon de Minorca 204,784 Increase 2
47  Spain, Valencia 194,294 Increase 13
48  France, Lyon 186,821 Decrease 2
49  Czech Republic, Prague 186,097 Increase 3
50  Greece, Athens 183,287 Decrease 1
Busiest domestic and British overseas routes, 2012[111]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change 2011 / 12
1  UK, Edinburgh 696,791 Increase 4
2  UK, Glasgow-International 607,417 Increase 7
3  Jersey, Jersey 553,962 Decrease 4
4  UK, Belfast-International 353,248 Increase 3
5  Guernsey, Guernsey 356,368 Decrease 3
6  UK, Belfast-City 280,503 Increase 13
7  UK, Aberdeen 233,921 Increase 32
8  UK, Inverness 230,442 Increase 4
9  UK, Manchester 194,568 Decrease 16
10  Isle of Man, Isle of Man 143,466 Increase 13
11  Gibraltar, Gibraltar 131,232 Increase 28
12  UK, Newquay Cornwall 96,181 Decrease 5
13  Bermuda, Bermuda 89,037 Decrease 4
14  UK, Newcastle 84,319 Decrease 11

Traffic[edit]

1958–2000[edit]

Gatwick handled 186,172 passengers during its first seven months of operation after the 1956–58 reconstruction; the annual number of passengers passing through the airport was 368,000 in 1959 and 470,000 in 1960.[112][113] Passenger numbers reached one million for the first time during the early 1960s, with a record 1.4 million passing through the airport during the 1965–66 fiscal year.[nb 8][113][114] Gatwick accommodated two million passengers for the first time during the 1967–68 fiscal year[nb 9] and three million in the 1969–70 fiscal year,[nb 10] with British United Airways accounting for nearly half.[115][116]

By the early 1970s, 5 million passengers used Gatwick each year, with a record 5.7 million during the 1973–74 fiscal year.[nb 11] During that period, British Caledonian accounted for approximately half of all charter passengers and three-fourths of scheduled passengers.[117] Within a decade annual passenger numbers doubled, to 10 million; they doubled again, to over 20 million, by the late 1980s.[112][118][119][120] By the turn of the millennium, Gatwick handled more than 30 million passengers annually.[112]

Since 2000[edit]

Gatwick passenger totals, 2000–2014 (millions)
Updated: 13 January 2015.[2][9]
Number of passengers[nb 12] Percentage change Number of movements[nb 13] Freight (tonnes)
2000 32,068,540 260,859 318,905
2001 31,181,770 Decrease02.8% 252,543 280,098
2002 29,627,420 Decrease05.0% 242,379 242,519
2003 30,005,260 Increase01.3% 242,731 222,916
2004 31,466,770 Increase04.9% 251,195 218,204
2005 32,775,695 Increase04.2% 261,292 222,778
2006 34,163,579 Increase04.2% 263,363 211,857
2007 35,216,113 Increase03.1% 266,550 171,078
2008 34,205,887 Decrease02.9% 263,653 107,702
2009 32,392,520 Decrease05.3% 251,879 74,680
2010 31,375,290 Decrease03.1% 240,500 104,032
2011 33,674,264 Increase07.3% 251,067 88,085
2012 34,235,982 Increase01.7% 246,987 97,567
2013 35,444,206 Increase03.5% 250,520 96,724
2014 38,122,800 Increase07.6% 256,350 88,737
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2] 2014 figures only: Gatwick Airport Limited[9]

38.1 million passengers passed through Gatwick in 2014, an increase of 7.6 percent over the previous year.[9] Long-haul,[nb 14] European scheduled, North Atlantic and Irish passenger traffic recorded increases over the previous year of 12.1 percent, 12 percent, 2.8 percent and 1.3 percent to 5.69 million, 22 million, 1.69 million and 1.28 million, respectively. European charter[nb 15] and UK[nb 16] traffic saw decreases over the corresponding figures for 2013 of 5.6 percent and 3.2 percent to 3.8 million and 3.66 million passengers, respectively. Air transport movements increased by 4 percent to 256,350. Cargo volume decreased by 8.5 percent to 88,737 metric tonnes.[9]

Compared with a year earlier, January 2015 passenger numbers increased by 5.5 percent to 2.359 million (an increase of 124,000 over January 2014), the busiest January in the airport's history. All passenger traffic categories other than UK[nb 16] traffic recorded increases. The following changes were recorded amongst individual passenger traffic categories: North Atlantic +11.4 percent (93,000 passengers); other long-haul[nb 14] traffic +7.6 percent (495,100 passengers); European scheduled traffic +7.1 percent (1.28 million passengers); European charter[nb 15] traffic +6.7  percent (158,100 passengers); Irish traffic +3.9 percent (96,000 passengers); UK[nb 16] traffic -7.4  percent (236,700 passengers). Air transport movements increased by 0.8 percent to 17,417. Cargo volume decreased by 10.1 percent to 5,796 metric tonnes. The increase in scheduled passenger traffic to and from destinations in Europe was driven by additional passengers on popular business and leisure routes, led by a 19.8 percent traffic increase (5,000 passengers) to and from Turkey and notable increases to and from Paris, Amsterdam and Copenhagen. The increase in North Atlantic passenger traffic resulted from the introduction of new transatlantic no-frills flights to New York, Los Angeles and Fort Lauderdale by Norwegian Air Shuttle. The increase in passenger traffic to and from other long-haul[nb 14] destinations mainly resulted from continuing growth on routes serving popular business and leisure destinations, led by a 12.3 percent increase in passengers travelling to and from Dubai, as a result of the introduction of the A380 by Emirates on one of its three daily flights.[121]

Ground transport[edit]

Grassy median, with billboard and road sign
North Terminal A23 roundabout

Gatwick has set goals of 40- percent public-transport use by the time annual passenger traffic reaches 40 million (estimated in 2015) and 45 percent by the time it reaches 45 million.[122]

Road[edit]

The airport is accessible from a motorway spur road at junction 9A of the M23, which links to the main M23 motorway 1 mile (1.6 km) east at junction 9. The M23 connects with London's orbital motorway, the M25, 9 miles (14 km) north; this provides access to much of Greater London, the South East and beyond, and the M23 is the main route for traffic to the airport. Gatwick is also accessible from the A23, which serves Horley and Redhill to the north and Crawley and Brighton to the south. The A217 provides access northwards to the town of Reigate. The airport has long and short-stay car parks at the airport and off-site, although these are often full in summer. Local restrictions limit parking at (and near) Gatwick.

Rail[edit]

Gatwick Express Route Map
London Victoria London Underground
non-stop
Gatwick Airport
Peak times only:
Haywards Heath
Wivelsfield (northbound only)
Burgess Hill
Hassocks
Preston Park
Brighton
Outdoor station with enclosed, overhead walkway
Airport railway station

The airport railway station, next to South Terminal, provides connections along the Brighton Main Line to Victoria Station and London Bridge and Brighton, Worthing, Eastbourne, Portsmouth and Bognor Regis to the south. Although the Gatwick Express to Victoria (operated by Southern) is the best-known service from the station, other companies (including Thameslink and First Great Western) also use the station and Southern services Victoria and London Bridge under its own name. Thameslink provide direct trains to Luton Airport; First Great Western trains directly link Reading and connect to Bristol, Plymouth and South Wales. Pedestrians may reach Heathrow by a X26 Express Bus outside East Croydon station, an intermediate stop for rail service to London.

Bus[edit]

National Express Coaches operates coaches to Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and cities and towns throughout the region and country. Oxford Bus Company operate direct services to Oxford, and EasyBus operates mini-coaches from both terminals to Earls Court and West Brompton.

Local buses connect North and South Terminals with Crawley, Horley, Redhill, Horsham and Caterham. Services are offered by Metrobus and Fastway, a guided bus rapid transit system which was the first of its kind to be built outside a major city. There are two sets of stairs for pedestrians to leave South Terminal at ground level (near the cycle route) from Zone L and the train-station area (labelled Exit Q and Exit P on the ground), which access local bus stops.

Bicycle[edit]

Route 21 of the National Cycle Network passes under South Terminal, allowing virtually traffic-free cycling northwards to Horley and southwards to Three Bridges and Crawley. A goods-style lift runs between the terminal and ground level (labelled "Lift to Cycle Route"), near Zone L.

Terminal transfer[edit]

Gatwick Airport Shuttle
North Terminal 
to London
South Terminal 
National Rail Gatwick Airport
to Brighton
Blue, three-car train approaching a station
Airport inter-terminal transit

The airport's North and South Terminals are connected by a 0.75 miles (1.21 km), elevated, two-way automated people mover track. The shuttle normally consists of two automatic, three-car, driver-less trains. Although colloquially known as a "monorail",[123] the shuttle runs on a dual, concrete track with rubber tyres and is not (technically) a monorail.

The Gatwick transit system opened in 1983 when the circular satellite pier was built (connecting the pier to the main terminal), and was the UK's first automated people-moving system. A second track was built in 1987, linking to the North Terminal.[123] Although the original satellite transit line was replaced with a walkway-and-moving walkway link, the inter-terminal shuttle remains in operation.

Gatwick began upgrading its shuttle service in April 2008. The original Adtranz C-100 people-mover cars remained in operation until 2009, when they had travelled a total of 2.5 million miles (4 million km). In September 2009 the vehicles were withdrawn from service to allow the transit system to be upgraded, and the terminals were connected by bus. A new operating system and shuttle cars (six Bombardier CX-100 vehicles)[124] was installed, and the guideway and transit stations were refurbished at a total cost of £45 million. The system opened on 1 July 2010, two months ahead of schedule;[125][126] it featured live journey information and sensory technology to count the number of passengers at stations.

Expansion proposals[edit]

Three doorways, with gate numbers and large flight screen
Gate area in the North Terminal, with flight-information screen

Gatwick has been included in a number of reviews of airport capacity in southeastern England. Expansion options have included a third terminal and a second runway, although a 40-year agreement not to build a second runway was made in 1979 with West Sussex County Council.[35][36][127] Expanded operations would allow Gatwick to handle more passengers than Heathrow does today, with a new terminal between two wide-spaced runways. This would complement or replace the South Terminal, depending on expected future traffic.[128]

Airport management's proposal for a second runway (south of the existing runway and the airport boundary) were unveiled in July 2013. This was shortlisted for further consideration by the Airports Commission in December 2013, and the commission's final report is due to be published by summer 2015.[129][130] Another proposal would extend the North Terminal south, with a passenger bridge in the area currently occupied by aircraft stands without jet bridges.[128] Gatwick's draft master plan (released for consultation on 13 October 2011) apparently dropped the passenger-bridge plan in favour of a mid-field satellite (next to the control tower) linking to the North Terminal as part of an expanded 2030 single-runway, two-terminal airport.[131]

In late 2011, the Department for Transport also began a feasibility study of a high-speed rail link between Gatwick and Heathrow as part of a plan combining the airports into a "collective" or "virtual hub", Heathwick. The scheme envisages a high-speed rail route parallel to the M25, covering 35 miles (56 km) in 15 minutes. Trains would reach speeds of 180 mph (290 km/h), and passengers would need to pass through immigration (or check in) only once.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • 15 September 1936 – A British Airways Ltd de Havilland DH 86 on a night mail flight to Germany crashed on takeoff, killing the airline's chief pilot and two crew members.[132][133]
  • November 1936 – A British Airways Ltd Fokker F 12 crashed in a wood 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south of Gatwick on its final approach to the airport under a low ceiling in poor visibility, killing both pilots and seriously injuring the flight engineer.[134]
  • 17 February 1959 – A Turkish Airlines Vickers Viscount 794D (registration: TC-SEV) on an international charter flight crashed in heavy fog at Newdigate, Surrey, on its approach to Gatwick after striking trees. Fourteen of the 24 on board died, and Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes was amongst the survivors.[135][136][137]
  • 2 September 1963 – An Iberia Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation (registration: EC-AMQ) leased by Aviaco on a charter flight from Barcelona, Spain, brushed trees on Russ Hill on its final approach to Gatwick. Although the aircraft sustained minor damage as a result of this incident (which occurred about 220 feet (67 m) above and 1.75 nautical miles (3.24 km; 2.01 mi) from the runway), it landed safely and none of the 75 passengers on board were injured.[138]
  • 5 January 1969 – A Boeing 727-113C (registration: YA-FAR) operating flight 701 of Ariana Afghan Airlines arriving from Frankfurt Rhein-Main Airport, Germany, crashed into a house in Fernhill (near Horley, Surrey) in low visibility. The flaps were not extended to maintain flight at final-approach speed. Forty-eight of the 62 on board died, in addition to two on the ground.[136][139][140][141]
  • 28 January 1972 – A British Caledonian Vickers VC10-1109 (registration: G-ARTA) with no passengers aboard sustained severe structural damage as a result of a hard landing at Gatwick at the end of a short ferry flight from Heathrow, where the aircraft had been diverted due to fog at Gatwick. A survey of the aircraft's damage revealed that its airframe was bent out of shape, requiring extensive repairs to be restored to airworthiness. Since the repairs were not cost-effective, the airline's management decided to scrap the aircraft at Gatwick in 1975.[142][143]
  • 20 July 1975 – A British Island Airways (BIA) Handley Page Dart Herald 201 (registration: G-APWF) was involved in a runway accident while departing on a scheduled flight to Guernsey. The aircraft lifted off from runway 26 after a ground run of 2,490 feet (760 m), and appeared airborne for 411 ft (125 m) (with its landing gear retracting), before the rear underside of the fuselage settled back onto the runway and brought the aircraft to a stop. An investigation concluded that the landing gear was retracted before the aircraft had become established in a climb and the flap setting and takeoff speed were incorrect. Although the aircraft incurred substantial damage, none of the 45 occupants were hurt.[144]

See also[edit]

Notes and citations[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Pronounced /ˈɡætwɨk/.[3]
  2. ^ accounting for 93 percent of all passenger traffic as of March 2012
  3. ^ a b c 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2012
  4. ^ as of May 2012
  5. ^ British Airways, 15%; Thomson Airways, 11%; Monarch Airlines, 7%; Flybe and Thomas Cook Airlines, 6% each
  6. ^ including eight early-morning peak-time slot pairs
  7. ^ temporarily operated by Norwegian Long Haul (pending approval of Norwegian Air International's US foreign air carrier permit application)
  8. ^ 1 April 1965 to 31 March 1966
  9. ^ 1 April 1967 to 31 March 1968
  10. ^ 1 April 1969 to 31 March 1970
  11. ^ 1 April 1973 to 31 March 1974
  12. ^ number of passengers including both domestic and international
  13. ^ number of movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year for 2000–2013; 2014 air transport movements only
  14. ^ a b c excluding North Atlantic
  15. ^ a b including North Africa
  16. ^ a b c including the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man
Citations
  1. ^ a b c "London Gatwick – EGKK". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "CAA: Annual UK Airport Statistics". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionaries (retrieved 5 September 2012)
  4. ^ "Just where are our airports?". Channel 4 News. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  5. ^ "At a glance". Gatwick Airport. 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "Low-cost carriers to play bigger long-haul role, says Gatwick boss". routesnews (> News). 3 December 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Steve (16 September 2013). "How Gatwick broke its own world record". NATS. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Facts and Stats". Gatwick Airport. 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Record-breaking 2014 for Gatwick fuelled by broad range of growth". London Gatwick Airport. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Bermuda 2 initialled, Air Transport". Flight International. 2 July 1977. p. 5. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "US Airways Announces Schedule for Charlotte to London Heathrow Service and Opens Flights for Sale". US Airways. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "Braniff History – Braniff History Time Line: 1978". clippedb.org (The Association of Former Braniff Flight Attendants). Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Our vision for Gatwick, 1.12, 1 Introduction, Gatwick Interim Master Plan" (PDF). October 2006. p. 7. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  14. ^ The Times (Business – Forget Heathrow because we can get bigger, says Gatwick), UK Edition, London, 16 July 2012
  15. ^ "British Airports Authority in Business, Air Transport ...". Flight International. 14 April 1966. p. 584. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  16. ^ "History". Gatwick Airport. 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "BAA agrees Gatwick airport sale". BBC News. 21 October 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 31 March 2014" (pdf). Gatwick Airport Limited. 31 March 2014. p. 29. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  19. ^ Fenton, Susan; Roumeliotis, Greg (5 February 2010). "Abu Dhabi wealth fund buys into Gatwick Airport". Reuters. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  20. ^ "Gatwick Airport News: GIP to replace bank debt with bonds". Gatwick-Airport-uk.info. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  21. ^ Christie, Jim (15 June 2010). "Calpers acquires 12.7 percent stake in Gatwick Airport". REUTERS—UK. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  22. ^ "Future Fund gets Gatwick go-ahead". Financial Times. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  23. ^ "V Room – The new Lounge at Gatwick". Virgin Atlantic. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  24. ^ "Chaplain's Corner — with Gatwick chaplain Sister Jo Threlfall", Skyport, Gatwick edition, Hammersmith, 29 April 2011, p. 9
  25. ^ "Bus Services to CAA Safety Regulation Group, Aviation House". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 9 September 2010. "Aviation House South Area Gatwick Airport RH6 0YR"
  26. ^ "Regions". WesternGeco. 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  27. ^ "Europe/Africa/Russia". WesternGeco. 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  28. ^ a b Eade, Christine. "The market in minutes – Sussex." Property Week. 8 June 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  29. ^ "Investor Contacts". (Archive) Fastjet. Retrieved 7 May 2013. "Registered Office and Head Office fastjet Plc Suite 2C First Point Buckingham Gate Gatwick Airport RH6 0NT"
  30. ^ "Gatwick Airport Consultative Committee" (PDF). Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  31. ^ "Giant barcodes at UK airport to lead visitors on "Discovery Tour"". The Next Web. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  32. ^ "GTMC: Gatwick no longer 'bucket-and-spade airport'". TTG Digital. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  33. ^ "Gatwick Connect FAQs". Gatwick Airport. 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  34. ^ "Gatwick Runway Options Consultation" (Section 2: Our runway options / 2.1 Features common to all options – The length of the runway), Gatwick Airport Limited, April 2014, p. 16
  35. ^ a b "Gatwick runway deal agreed, Air Transport". Flight International. 25 August 1979. p. 569. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  36. ^ a b "BAA reveals Gatwick expansion plans, Air Transport". Flight International. 8 September 1979. p. 757. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  37. ^ "History – 1958". Gatwick Aviation Society website. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  38. ^ "NATS – London Gatwick Aerodrome Approach Charts". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  39. ^ BAA Gatwick. "Flight Evaluation Report 2006/07" (PDF). Archived from the original on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  40. ^ "Tighter regulation". Gatwick Airport. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  41. ^ "Night noise". Gatwick Airport. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  42. ^ "Guarding Gatwick", Airports – September/October 2007 (Key Publishing), p. 17
  43. ^ "Illegal immigrant centre opened". BBC News. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "EasyJet and Gatwick Airport agree new seven-year growth and service improvement deal" (Press release). EasyJet. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  45. ^ a b "easyJet confirms move to single terminal at London Gatwick (> Media > News)". Gatwick Airport. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  46. ^ a b The Times (Business – EasyJet cleared for takeover at Gatwick Airport), UK Edition, London, 28 March 2014
  47. ^ "2011 easyJet launches first route to Seville" (Press release). EasyJet. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  48. ^ "Gatwick facts & stats – Destinations and airlines". Gatwick Airport. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  49. ^ Airways (Forward, D.C., London Gatwick Goes Global — GIP Gets the Goat Farm: Fast Facts — London Gatwick), Vol. 18, No. 5, p. 27, Airways International Inc., Sandpoint, July 2011
  50. ^ "Heathrow or Gatwick? The Battle of London: British Airways and easyJet dominate ... Top 15 airlines at Gatwick in 2014". anna.aero. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  51. ^ "EasyJet in £103m GB Airways move", Financial Times (London), UK Edition, 26 October 2007
  52. ^ a b "Aer Lingus to set up base at Gatwick". Financial Times. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  53. ^ a b "British Airways: the parental favourite gets new toys, but still has homework to do – BA's decline at Gatwick". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  54. ^ a b "EasyJet lassos London Gatwick and Luton airports with long-term deals: EasyJet's negotiating power at Gatwick is stronger than ever". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  55. ^ "Europe by EasyJet: 2012 Investor Day (Network Development and Optimisation: Strong slot position at key airports – Summer '12 Gatwick departures 0600-0855, p. 20)". easyjet. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  56. ^ "Flybe welcomes sale of London Gatwick". Easier.com. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  57. ^ "Flybe Group Annual Report 2011/12 – Business highlights: Airport policy, p. 9". flybe.com. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  58. ^ "Flybe Announces Departure From London Gatwick Airport ... Airline confirms it will maintain all Gatwick services until March 29, 2014". Flybe. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  59. ^ Strydom, Martin (23 May 2013). "Flybe sells Gatwick slots to EasyJet for £20m". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  60. ^ "EasyJet works the Gatwick slot machine as Flybe cashes out: Flybe has less than half the average number of passengers per ATM at Gatwick – Seats per ATM at London Gatwick". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  61. ^ "Gatwick welcomes funding deal for Cornwall to London air link (> Media Centre > News)". Flybe. 27 October 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  62. ^ "AA ends Gatwick operations". Institute of Commercial Management. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  63. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, Vol. 169 No. 10, 15 September 2008, "Goodbye Gatwick", p. 16
  64. ^ "TTG Digital – Continental severs last Gatwick link". Ttglive.com. 31 December 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  65. ^ "Small decline in passenger numbers at Gatwick in January". London Gatwick Airport. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  66. ^ "Gatwick goes after the business traveller". Business Traveller. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  67. ^ "Caribbean Airlines to launch flights from Gatwick to Trinidad". Gatwick Airport. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  68. ^ "Cityplacegatwick." City Place Gatwick. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  69. ^ "Master Plan." City Place Gatwick. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  70. ^ "Modern Airport – Features of Gatwick, London's Latest Terminal: Rational Building Layout: Ground and Air Traffic Control: Ancillary Services". Flight. 4 June 1936. p. 602. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  71. ^ "Modern Airport – Features of Gatwick, ...". Flight. 4 June 1936. p. 603. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  72. ^ "Modern Airport – Features of Gatwick, ...". Flight. 4 June 1936. p. 604. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  73. ^ "MEPC lands BT Workstyle pre-let at aerodrome." Property Week. 17 March 2000. Retrieved 12 February 2011. "Signing the pre-let caps a busy week for BT. It has also pre-let 14,000 sq m (150,000 sq ft) at BAA Lynton’s 46,500 sq m (500,000 sq ft) City Place scheme at Gatwick."
  74. ^ "BAH is moving ... to Aberdeen, Rotary Briefs, Business Aviation". Flight International. 2 March 1985. p. 12. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  75. ^ Classic Aircraft (Gone but not forgotten ... BEA and BA Helicopters), Vol. 44, No. 12, p. 69, Ian Allan Publishing, Hersham, December 2011
  76. ^ "The Beehive." GB Airways. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
  77. ^ "British Caledonian – A Tribute: The Crewroom Notices". www.british-caledonian.com. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  78. ^ "Air Commerce ..., Up to date with Caledonian". Flight International: 121. 25 January 1962. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  79. ^ "World Airline Directory, British Atlantic Airways". Flight International: 826. 31 March 1984. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  80. ^ "Caledonian Takes Over B.U.A. for £7m." Evening Times. Wednesday 21 October 1970. Page 14. Retrieved from Google News on 13 February 2011.
  81. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 18 May 1972. Supplement 18. "Head Office: Gatwick Airport, Horley, Surrey, England."
  82. ^ "Air Transport ..., BUA retrenches". Flight International: 1058. 28 December 1967. 
  83. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 24–30 March 1999. 64. "Iain Stewart Centre, Beehive Ring Road, Gatwick Airport, Gatwick, West Sussex, RH6 OPB, UK"
  84. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 16 May 1981. 1445. "Head Office: London Gatwick Airport, Horley, Surrey, UK."
  85. ^ "World Airline Survey ...". Flight International: 564. 10 April 1969.  "Head Office: Gatwick Airport, Horley. Surrey."
  86. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 20 March 1975. "505. "Head Office: Gatwick Airport, Horley, Surrey."
  87. ^ "airtransat Adds St. John’s – London Gatwick Service in S15". Airline Route. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  88. ^ a b c "New Routes Bring More Sunshine For British Airways Leisure Travellers (> Media Centre > News releases)". Business Traveller. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  89. ^ "British Airways Switch Providenciales to London Gatwick.". The BA Source. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  90. ^ "BA announces new Gatwick route to Sharm El Sheikh". flyertalk. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  91. ^ "British Airways to halt Colombo flights from end March (> Breaking News)". The Nation. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  92. ^ "British Airways Announce Summer London Gatwick – Rhodes Service.". The BA Source. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  93. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/bari
  94. ^ a b c "New routes for summer 2015". Easyjet. 
  95. ^ a b "New and dropped routes". Easyjet. 
  96. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/nantes
  97. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/antalya
  98. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/izmir
  99. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/olbia-sardinia
  100. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/london-gatwick/pula-istria
  101. ^ "Germania Flight Schedule / 30.12.2014 - 01.11.2015" (PDF). Germania. 
  102. ^ "IBERIA Express Adds London Gatwick Service in S15". Airline Route. 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  103. ^ http://www.norwegian.com/uk/flight/lowfare/?D_City=LGW&A_City=SPC&TripType=1&D_Day=01&D_Month=201504&R_Day=01&R_Month=201504&AgreementCodeFK=-1&CurrencyCode=GBP&rnd=79604
  104. ^ "Norwegian launches new US routes and more departures on existing connections between Europe and the US (United Kingdom > Press > Press Releases)" (Press release). Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  105. ^ "Qatar Airways to restart LGW to DOH services in May 2015 with 787". Business Traveller (> Discussion > All airlines). 7 November 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  106. ^ "SmartWings Contact". smartwings.com. 
  107. ^ "SmartWings starts a new regular connection between Prague and London (Gatwick)". SmartWings (> English > News). 26 November 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  108. ^ "Virgin confirms services to Tobago (> Media > Press releases > Tobago)". Virgin Atlantic Airways. 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  109. ^ "Reno lands first-ever regular airline service to Europe (> Travel)". USA Today. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  110. ^ "Airlines to operate out of single terminals at London Gatwick (> Media centre > Press releases)". Gatwick Airport. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  111. ^ a b "UK Annual Airport Statistics". CAA. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  112. ^ a b c "Gatwick Airport History", Business & Community Reference Guide for in and around Crawley 2008/09, Wealden Marketing, 2008, p. 85
  113. ^ a b Golden Gatwick—50 Years of Aviation, Chapter 9
  114. ^ The Gatwick Express, p. 40
  115. ^ "Airport Profile: Brief History". Ukaccs.info. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  116. ^ Golden Gatwick—50 Years of Aviation, Chapter 9 & 10
  117. ^ Golden Gatwick—50 Years of Aviation, Chapter 10
  118. ^ The Gatwick Express, p. 42
  119. ^ Iyengar, K., Bermuda Bloomers, Golden Gatwick, Skyport, Gatwick edition, Hounslow, 8 February 2008, p. 18
  120. ^ Iyengar, K., The only way is up, Golden Gatwick, Skyport, Gatwick edition, Hounslow, 11 April 2008, p. 14
  121. ^ "London Gatwick sees 23rd successive month of passenger growth". London Gatwick Airport. 10 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  122. ^ "Access Gatwick". Gatwick Airport. 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  123. ^ a b Hudson, Kenneth (1984). "Airports and Airfields". Industrial history from the air. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-25333-8. 
  124. ^ "Bombardier Signs 32 Million Euro Contract for Automated People Mover System at London Gatwick Airport, United Kingdom ; New APM Will Replace Existing Inter-Terminal Transit System Previously Supplied by Bombardier". Highbeam.com. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  125. ^ "Gatwick transit closed". UK Airport News. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  126. ^ "Press release 2010 – London Gatwick – we have lift on!" (Press release). Gatwick Airport. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  127. ^ "1979 Gatwick Airport runway agreement". Gatwick Airport. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  128. ^ a b "interim master plan (Gatwick Interim Master Plan – October 2006)" (PDF). Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  129. ^ "Gatwick Airport announces second runway plan". BBC News. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  130. ^ "Airports Commission report: Gatwick & Heathrow on shortlist for expansion". www.crawleynews.co.uk. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  131. ^ Draft Gatwick Master Plan (A single runway airport – 2030: 10.2.14 Aprons and piers and Figure A.12, p. 93 and Appendix A – Drawings), Gatwick Airport, West Sussex, 13 October 2011
  132. ^ "The Gatwick Accident, Commercial Aviation". Flight. 24 September 1936. p. 327. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  133. ^ "Gatwick and Mirabella, Commercial Aviation". Flight. 22 October 1936. p. 420. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  134. ^ "The Crawley Accident, Commercial Aviation". Flight. 20 November 1936. p. 590. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  135. ^ "1959: Turkish leader involved in fatal crash". BBC News. 17 February 1979. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  136. ^ a b "Major Incidents". Surrey Constabulary History. Robert Bartlett. Archived from the original on August 2010. 
  137. ^ "Ministry of Aviation – Civil Aircraft Accident: Report on the Accident to Vickers Viscount 794 TC-SEV at London (Gatwick) Airport on 17 February 1959". Gatwick Aviation Society. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  138. ^ "Ministry of Aviation – Civil Aircraft Accident: Report on the Accident to Lockheed 1049G (Super Constellation) EC-AMQ at London (Gatwick) Airport on 2 September 1963". Gatwick Aviation Society. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  139. ^ "Accident Database query – Ariana Afghan Airlines". Airdisaster.com. 5 January 1969. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  140. ^ "Ariana 727 Accident Cause, World News". Flight International. 3 September 1970. p. 329. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  141. ^ "Board of Trade – Civil Aircraft Accident: Report on the Accident to Boeing 727-113C YA-FAR 1.5 miles east of London (Gatwick) Airport on 5 January 1969". Gatwick Aviation Society. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  142. ^ "A little 'VC10'derness—Individual Histories: G-ARTA". Vc10.net. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  143. ^ "ASN Aircraft incident description Vickers VC-10-1109 G-ARTA—London Gatwick Airport (LGW)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  144. ^ "Report No: 4/1977. Report on the accident to Handley Page Herald Series 201, G-APWF at Gatwick Airport, 20 July 1975". UK AAIB. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 

References[edit]

  • Gwynne, Peter. (1990) A History of Crawley (2nd Edition) Philmore. ISBN 0-85033-718-6
  • King, John, with Tait, Geoff, (1980) Golden Gatwick – 50 Years of Aviation, British Airports Authority.
  • King, John, (1986) Gatwick – The Evolution of an Airport, Gatwick Airport Ltd. and Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society. ISBN 0-9512036-0-6
  • Bain, Gordon, (1994), Gatwick Airport, Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-468-X
  • Tait, Geoffrey, (1984), The Gatwick Express, G. Tait & Associates Ltd. ISBN 0-95088-020-5
  • Eglin, Roger, and Ritchie, Berry (1980). Fly me, I'm Freddie. London, UK: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-77746-7. 
  • Thomson, Adam (1999). High Risk: The Politics of the Air. London, UK: Sidgwick and Jackson. ISBN 0-283-99599-8. 
  • Simons, Graham M. (1993). The Spirit of Dan-Air. Peterborough, UK: GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1-870384-20-2. 
  • Simons, Graham M. (1999). It was nice to fly with friends! The story of Air Europe. Peterborough, UK: GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1-870384-69-5. 
  • Branson, Richard (2006). Losing my Virginity – The Autobiography (2nd reprint ed.). London, UK: Virgin Books Ltd. ISBN 0-7535-1020-0. 
  • Financial Times, 26 October 2007. London, UK: UK Edition. 
  • Skyport – Gatwick edition (Iyengar, K., "Bermuda Bloomers", "Golden Gatwick", p. 18). Hounslow, UK. 8 February 2008. 
  • Skyport – Gatwick edition (Iyengar, K., "The only way is up", "Golden Gatwick", p. 14). Hounslow, UK. 11 April 2008. 
  • Skyport – Gatwick edition (Iyengar, K., "Heading North", "Golden Gatwick", p. 16). Hounslow, UK. 9 May 2008. 
  • Skyport – Gatwick edition (Cooper, B., "Got your number", "Golden Gatwick", p. 12). Hounslow, UK. 6 June 2008. 
  • Skyport – Gatwick edition (Dixon, A., "Second runway plans to remain grounded", pp. 1, 3). Hounslow, UK. 26 February 2010. 
  • Financial Times, 10 February 2010. London, UK: UK Edition. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to London Gatwick Airport at Wikimedia Commons