London Heathrow Terminal 1

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Lineup of British Airways aircraft at T1 in the early 1980s.

London Heathrow Terminal 1 is an airport terminal at London Heathrow Airport, serving the capital city of London, used primarily by British Airways and Star Alliance airlines. Destinations from Terminal 1 include domestic airports, all Irish routes along with a wide range of European and long haul destinations.

Terminal 1 was opened in 1968 and was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in May 1969. At the time Terminal 1 was the biggest short-haul terminal of its kind in Western Europe.[1] In 2005, a substantial redesign and redevelopment of Terminal 1 was completed, which saw the opening of the new Eastern Extension, doubling the departure lounge in size and creating additional seating and retail space. Following the opening of the redeveloped Terminal 2 in June 2014, Terminal 1 will be closed in 2016 and later demolished. Terminal 2 will then be expanded onto the Terminal 1 site.[2]

Domestic and Irish flights[edit]

Unlike Terminal 5, Terminal 1 Domestic flights and Irish flights have a completely separate departure/arrival area from other (International) flights. This was originally used for all domestic flights at Heathrow, and this area of the terminal was occupied by British Airways, Aer Lingus and British Midland (BMI), until British Airways moved all its domestic flights to Terminal 5 when it opened in 2008. It is still used by Aer Lingus, whilst BMI's takeover by the International Airlines Group, and the subsequent sale of some of its domestic slots to Virgin Atlantic has seen Virgin's "Little Red" operation now occupy BMI's old domestic departure lounge at Gate 8, alongside British Airways.

Following the initial departure of British Airways from the terminal in 2009, the area was redesigned so that all passengers pass through the international departure lounge. Domestic and Republic of Ireland passengers pass through an ID check where a photo taken of them at security control is checked to ensure that the correct person is entering the domestic and Irish departure area.

Since the buyout of British Midland International, British Airways service some Short-Haul and Medium-Haul destinations from this terminal, marking its return to the terminal since it moved out in 2009.

International flights[edit]

British European Airways aircraft at Terminal 1 in 1971.

There is separation between arriving and departing passengers within the International section, although the terminal was not originally built to cater for this separation.[citation needed] A new pier (the Europier) was added in the 1990s which increased the capacity of the terminal.

Terminal reorganisation[edit]

oneworld[edit]

Due to the construction of Terminal 5, most British Airways flights moved out of Terminal 1 to Terminal 5 during 2008. The remaining British Airways flights moved to Terminal 3 on 25 February 2009, later than originally planned. Finnair, a member of the oneworld alliance, moved to Terminal 3 in January 2009, to join other oneworld carriers.

Since the buyout of British Midland International, British Airways service some Short-Haul and Medium-Haul destinations from this terminal, marking its return to the terminal since it moved out in 2008.

Star Alliance[edit]

Twelve members of the Star Alliance are based in Terminal 1 after the reorganization. Eight of them remain in Terminal 3, however, because of lack of space in Terminal 1 and because there are no stands in Terminal 1 for the A380 used by Singapore Airlines. TAM moved into Terminal 1 in March 2010. Until 4 June 2014, United Airlines flights to Houston and Newark used Terminal 4 until Terminal 2 was completed. These were formerly operated by Continental Airlines, which was part of the SkyTeam airline alliance when the 2009 reorganization was planned.

On 25 October 2009, Aegean Airlines moved its twice-daily Athens to London flights from London Stansted Airport to Heathrow Airport, using Terminal 1. Aegean Airlines joined Star Alliance in May 2010.

Other airlines[edit]

Most non-allied[clarification needed] airlines will move to London Heathrow Terminal 4, with the exception of Aer Lingus and Virgin Atlantic Little Red, who are due to move to Terminal 2 in 2014 (due to the requirement for domestic/Irish segregation currently not possible in Terminals 3 and 4)[3]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

In 2011 Terminal 1 handled 13.8 million passengers on 122,992 flights.[4]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air New Zealand Auckland, Los Angeles
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
British Airways Amman-Queen Alia, Baku, Beirut, Belfast-City, Cairo, Dublin, Hanover, Marseilles, Rotterdam
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Rijeka, Split
Cyprus Airways Athens, Larnaca
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavik
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich
South African Airways Johannesburg
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAM Airlines Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos
TAP Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Funchal
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Virgin Atlantic Little Red
operated by Aer Lingus
Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Manchester

Ground transport[edit]

Road links[edit]

As part of the three central terminals at Heathrow, it is well linked to the M4 motorway via the M4 spur road and through a tunnel under the north runway. There is a short stay car park directly opposite the terminal and there is also a long stay car park on the Northern Perimeter Road by the northern entrance to the tunnel accessed by a shuttle bus service.

Rail links[edit]

Terminal 1 is accessed by the London Underground from Heathrow Terminals 1,2,3 tube station, with trains towards Cockfosters station via Central London. The Terminal is also accessed by Heathrow Connect and Express from Heathrow Central were services go to London Paddington. Heathrow Connect services are due to be replaced by Crossrail when it finally opens at some point in the future and services would be increased from 2 trains per hour (about every 30 minutes) to 4 trains per hour (about every 15 minutes).

Bus links[edit]

Terminal 1 is accessible to both bus and coach services from Heathrow central bus station. Current services are:[5]

  • 724 – Heathrow - Uxbridge - Watford - Hatfield - Welwyn Garden City - Hertford - Harlow
  • A40 – Heathrow - Uxbridge - Beaconsfield - High Wycombe

* - Buses marked with an asterisk run as part of the London bus network on behalf of TfL

There are also several coach services operated by National Express

Shopping[edit]

There are a large number of shops in the terminal including Bally, Best of the Best Supercars, Boots, Burberry, Caviar House & Prunier, Chocolate Box, Clarks, Cocoon, Collection, Dixons Travel, Fat Face, French Connection (clothing), Goldsmiths, Hamley's, Harrod's, Hugo Boss, LK Bennett, Mulberry, Omega, Sunglass Hut, Swarovski, Tie Rack, Timberland and WH Smith.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Above Us The Skies: The Story Of BAA - 1991 (Michael Donne - BAA plc), p. 40
  2. ^ "Heathrow to open new £2.5bn terminal next year". The Telegraph. 2013-06-04. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  3. ^ "Aer Lingus in Heathrow talks". Irish Times. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Heathrow facts and figures". BAA Plc. Retrieved 2012-05-27. 
  5. ^ "tfl Bus Maps - Heathrow Terminals 1,2,3". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°28′23″N 0°27′04″W / 51.473°N 0.451°W / 51.473; -0.451