London Southend Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the airport in Southend, Saskatchewan, Canada, see Southend Aerodrome.
London Southend Airport
London Southend.png
Southend Airport terminal building 02.jpg
IATA: SENICAO: EGMC
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Stobart Group
Operator London Southend Airport Company Ltd- Stobart Group
Serves Southend, Essex and east London areas
Location Rochford, Essex
Elevation AMSL 55 ft / 17 m
Coordinates 51°34′13″N 000°41′36″E / 51.57028°N 0.69333°E / 51.57028; 0.69333Coordinates: 51°34′13″N 000°41′36″E / 51.57028°N 0.69333°E / 51.57028; 0.69333
Website www.southendairport.com
Map
EGMC is located in Essex
EGMC
EGMC
Location in Essex
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 1,856 6,089 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 969,912
Passenger change 12-13 Increase57.2%
Aircraft Movements 29,443
Movements change 12–13 Increase6.2%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

London Southend Airport (IATA: SENICAO: EGMC) is an international airport in the district of Rochford within Essex, England, approximately 42 miles from the centre of London.[3]

During the 1960s, Southend was the third-busiest airport in the United Kingdom.[4] It remained London's third-busiest airport in terms of passengers handled until the end of the 1970s, when the role of "London's third airport" passed to Stansted.[5] Following its purchase by Stobart Group in 2008,[5] there has been an ongoing programme of development,[6][7][8] with a newly built terminal[9] and control tower,[10] an extended runway,[citation needed] and a regular rail service running from Southend Airport Station to Liverpool Street Station[10] in central London.

EasyJet began operating services by opening a base at Southend in April 2012.[11][12] Irish carrier Aer Lingus Regional began regular flights to Dublin in May.[13] As a result, the airport has seen a rapid increase in passenger numbers. Around 617,000 passengers used the airport during 2012;[2] with 721,661 passengers in the 12 months following the commencement of these services.[14] Passenger numbers grew to around 970,000 in 2013.[15] The airport operator hopes to increase passenger numbers to two million per year by 2020.[4][7]

Description[edit]

The airport is located between Rochford and Southend town centres, 1.5 NM (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) north of Southend,[1] in the county of Essex, 36 miles (58 km) to the east of central London. It has a single 1,856 metres (6,089 ft) long asphalt runway on a south-west/north-east axis[16] and is capable of handling aircraft of up to Boeing 757 size. The airport is not capable of handling wide-body aircraft.[17]

Construction of the current terminal was completed in February 2012, and hosts two cafés, a bar, duty-free shopping, a W H Smith newsagent, ATMs (dispensing euros and sterling), a Moneycorp bureau de change, taxi hire, car hire from Europcar and Hertz, and an airport lounge.[18] The terminal has since been extended by 90m, almost tripling the facility in size.

The former terminal now houses facilities for business passengers flying executive aircraft, with lounges and conference rooms,[19] plus flight briefing facilities for pilots and a security checkpoint.

A four-star Holiday Inn hotel located adjacent to the airport entrance opened on 1 October 2012; it is owned by the Stobart Group and boasts the only rooftop restaurant in Essex, and is also open to the public.[20]

The airport is served by buses operated by Arriva Southend from the airport entrance to Southend (7, 8 and 9), Rochford (7 and 8), Ashingdon (7), Hawkwell (8), Hockley (7 and 8), Eastwood (9) and Rayleigh (7, 8 and 9).[21] Routes 7, 8 and 9 are normally operated by modern, low-floor easy-access buses. First Group operates route X30 from the terminal to Chelmsford and Stansted Airport.[22]

A frequent rail service to London Liverpool Street, with a journey time of about 53 minutes, runs via Stratford from Southend Airport railway station located about 200 m (660 ft) from the main terminal.

Southend was voted the best airport in Britain by the consumer group Which? in August 2013.[23]

Operations[edit]

A Flightline MD-83 at Southend Airport, Flightline was a based charter airline.

Southend Airport handles mainly scheduled passenger, charter and business flights, cargo flights, pilot training (in both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters), and recreational flying. The airport is run by London Southend Airport Co Ltd, which employs over 150 people directly. Due to expansion, there were over 500 more people working at the airport in summer 2012 compared with summer 2011.[24]

Southend Airport has a Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) Ordinary Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee (London Southend Airport Company Limited).[25]

The airport provides RFF Cat 6 between 06:00 – 00:00, RFF Cat 1 between 00:00 – 06:00.

Southend Airport has an excellent weather record and is used by airlines as a diversion alternative when adverse weather or incidents close other London airports.

Aircraft ground handling at the airport is provided by the airport-owned Southend Handling, who also assist companies, groups or individuals in chartering aircraft to or from the airport.

Companies located at and around the airport employ over 1,000 skilled workers, providing services such as engineering and maintenance work on airliners, including re-spraying, refurbishment, upgrades to avionics, manufacture of aircraft seats and the installation of new or hush-kitted engines.

Heavy maintenance services and hangars for aircraft up to Boeing 757 and Airbus A321 size are available. ATC Lasham is the major engineering company at the airport, and can trace its roots to Aviation Traders Engineering Limited (ATEL) – founded by the late Sir Freddie Laker – and Heavylift Engineering. Other companies include ACL Aviation Support (ACLAS), Aero Partners, Aircare Ltd (a subsidiary of Avionicare), Air Livery (aircraft re-finishing), Avionicare, IAVNA (airport visual aids), Inflite Engineering (previously World Aviation Support and BAF Engineering), IPECO/Benson-Lund, Isenburg Engineering and JRB Aviation.

History[edit]

1914: Aviation beginnings[edit]

The airfield was established by the Royal Flying Corps during World War I. It was the largest flying ground in Essex, with the greatest number of units. In May 1915 the RNAS took over, until 4 June 1916, when it became RFC Rochford. It was designated as night fighter station and many sorties were flown against Zeppelin airship raiders, including LZ38 on 31 May 1915. In 1920, the station closed and reverted to farmland for a while.

1935: Civil airport opening[edit]

The airport was officially opened as a municipal airport on 18 September 1935 by the Under-Secretary of State for Air, Sir Philip Sassoon, who arrived in his de Havilland Leopard Moth.[26] There used to be an aviation museum on the western boundary of the airport.

However in 1939, the Air Ministry requisitioned the airfield and it was known as RAF Rochford during World War II. It became a satellite base. During World War II, it became a base for fighter squadrons comprising Supermarine Spitfires and Hawker Hurricanes as well as Bristol Blenheims. Many of the 50 pillboxes that were designed to protect the airport from paratroop landings still survive, as does the underground defence control room, which is near to Southend Flying Club. A further 20 or so pillboxes also remain in the surrounding countryside. Canewdon, 2 miles north-east of the airport, was the location of one of the World War II Chain Home radar stations. The 360-foot (110 m) high transmitter tower at Canewdon was relocated to the Marconi works at Great Baddow in the 1950s.

1946: Post War[edit]

In 1946, the airfield was decommissioned from military use and civil aviation returned in 1947, as did the Southend Municipal Airport name.

Southend Airport is often remembered for the car ferry flights operated by the piston-engined Bristol Freighter and the Aviation Traders Carvair, and the following airlines have had often long associations with the airport:

Freddie Laker's Air Charter Limited operated flights from Southend from 1949. Other Southend-headquartered companies Laker owned included Aviation Traders and Aviation Traders (Engineering). Sold in 1958, they became part of Airwork in January 1959.

BKS[nb 1] commenced airline operations from Southend Airport in October 1951 as BKS Aero Charter[nb 2] with a Douglas DC-3. Further DC-3s were bought in 1952. Flying charters initially, in 1953, it was granted a licence to operate scheduled services between Newcastle, the Isle of Man and Jersey.

Vickers Viscount at Southend airport in 1961.

East Anglian Flying Services moved to Southend on 5 January 1947, their first scheduled service being a Southend—Rochester feeder service. In 1948, East Anglian operated its first inclusive tour (IT) charter from Southend to Ostend, and by winter 1948 had acquired seven additional aircraft (five de Havilland Dragon Rapides, a Miles Aerovan and an Auster Airspeed Courier). After a year of operating the Southend—Ostend charter run, a scheduled service licence was obtained for the route, as well as for Southend—Jersey. Further scheduled services launched from Southend to Paris and Rotterdam as well as additional stops on some Jersey services at Rochester, Shoreham and Guernsey. During the mid to late 1950s, three de Havilland Doves were introduced, and two Bristol 170s had joined the fleet by late 1957. The name Channel Airways officially replaced East Anglian Flying Services on 29 October 1962, although the Channel Airways name had already been in use for several years and painted on aircraft fuselages. By then, Channel Airways had become one of the UK's five leading independent airlines of the 1960s. The administrative headquarters and main engineering base continued at Southend until the airline ceased all operations at the end of February 1972.

British World Airlines (BWA) was based at Southend, previously they operated as British Air Ferries (BAF), and before that, as British United Air Ferries (BUAF) – formed from the merger of Channel Air Bridge (based at Southend, and famous for operating the Carvair) and Silver City Airways. BAF/BWA owned many Vickers Viscount turboprop airliners, fitted out for passenger and cargo operations. These aircraft, dating from the mid/late 1950s to the early 1960s, were originally owned and operated by British European Airways (BEA), one of the two main predecessors of the present-day British Airways. BWA retired and sold these aircraft in the late 1990s. From the 1970s to the early 1990s, the airline also owned and operated several Handley Page Herald turboprops. In the 1990s, BWA operated many different aircraft types including BAC One-Elevens, British Aerospace 146s, British Aerospace ATPs, Boeing 737-300s and a Boeing 757. The airline ceased operations late in 2001, affected by the downturn caused by the 11 September attacks and bringing to an end an airline with over 50 years association with the airport.

Dan-Air began its life at Southend with a Douglas DC-3, registration G-AMSU, (originally owned by Meredith Air Transport, a small Southend-based ad hoc charter operator formed in 1952), fulfilling a six-month contract to operate a series of charter flights between Southend and West Berlin's Tempelhof Airport. The airline's first commercial operation – an ad hoc charter flight from Southend via Manchester to Shannon – occurred in June 1953. In 1955 Dan-Air moved its base to Blackbushe.

Holland Aero Lines operated a Rotterdam to Southend service with a GAF Nomad aircraft between 4 February 1985 and December 1986. It flew up to three times daily on weekdays, with one flight on Saturday.

National Commuter Airways operated passenger services during the 1980s, to Brussels (in association with Sabena) and Jersey from Southend.[27]

Regionair was a small commuter airline based at Southend in the late 1980s and early 1990s that provided services to Rotterdam and Paris using Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante and Jetstream 31 aircraft.[28]

Annual passenger traffic first peaked in 1967, at 692,000.[29] Southend continued to handle more traffic than Stansted until well into the 1970s, making it London's de facto third airport.[30] It took 45 years to surpass the previous annual passenger traffic record: in the year ending February 2013, the airport handled 721,661 passengers, an increase of almost 30,000 compared with the previous peak.[31]

In 1967 the first steps to establish an aviation museum at the airport were taken, resulting in the official opening 26 May 1972 of the Southend Historic Aircraft Museum on the western boundary of the airport. However by May 1983 it had closed and all exhibits were sold at auction.[32]

Britain's first airliner flight flown by an all-female crew took place from Southend on 31 October 1979 when BAF Herald G-BDFE operated the airline's inaugural scheduled passenger flight from Southend to Düsseldorf under the command of Captain Caroline Frost and First OfficerLesley Hardy.[33]

Since 1986, Southend Airport has been home to Avro Vulcan XL426 (one of three remaining in running condition). It is owned by the Vulcan Restoration Trust, a registered charity, that keeps the systems and engines of XL426 serviceable, allowing it to be occasionally taxied – it is not airworthy.

The first seafront Airshow took place on 26 May 1986, and was the first of 27 successive annual displays, the last being in 2012. The airshow resulted in the temporary basing of many participant aircraft at the airport for the duration of the displays.

1993: Regional Airports Ltd[edit]

Aerial view looking north-east, prior to the construction of the runway extension.

In 1993, after the airport had been making losses for many years, Southend Borough Council sold the airport to Regional Airports Ltd (RAL), operator of Biggin Hill Airport. London Southend Airport Co Ltd was formed to operate the airport which was re-branded as "London Southend Airport" with the term "Municipal" dropping from the title. The previous losses were turned into small profits for majority of tenure by RAL.

The largest aircraft ever to land at the Airport was in November 1998 when a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar of Irish airline Aer Turas arrived for scrapping at the airport.

In 2001, a debate centred on the possible relocation of Grade 1 listed St Laurence and All Saints Church further away from the side of the main runway. The proposal was dropped after the planning application was rejected by Southend Council in 2003,[34] and a compromise scheme was implemented resulting in slightly shorter licensed runway lengths. This change allowed passenger flights to be restarted, however the resulting runway length curtails the potential range and payloads for passenger flights, and the airport has not been greatly utilised by airlines in recent years.

Flightline was an airline formed in 1989 headquartered at Southend, where they also had a maintenance/engineering base for their own and third party aircraft. They mainly operated British Aerospace 146 aircraft on ad-hoc charters, and an Avro RJ100 regional jet with which they operated a regular service between Southend and Cologne from 7 June 2006 to 1 December 2008 on behalf of Ford Motor Company as a corporate shuttle.[35] Flightline went into administration on 3 December 2008.[36]

Flybe operated a once weekly summer-only service to Jersey using Dash 8 aircraft, ending in 2011.

In January 2008, Regional Airports Ltd put the airport up for sale.

2008: Stobart Group[edit]

Pre-extension terminal building seen from railway station, illustrating proximity.
Interior of terminal building, seen from cafe by arrivals, and showing check-in area and escalator to departures.
View of airport from station, with walkway to terminal in foreground. Beyond that, work has commenced on extending the terminal.

The airport was bought on 2 December 2008 by the Stobart Group for £21 million, becoming part of the Stobart Air division of the Stobart Group, which also operates Carlisle Airport.

Following council consultation with the local population, a planning application extending the usable runway length by 300 m (984 ft) to 1,799 m (5,902 ft), and providing upgraded navigational and lighting aids, was submitted to Southend Borough Council 13 October 2009. Planning permission was granted by Southend Borough Council 20 January 2010. Initially subject to an Article 14 Direction, after due consideration by the Government this was withdrawn 19 March 2010, meaning it would not be subject to a Public Inquiry.[37] A Section 106 agreement is required to be entered into between the airport and local councils.

On 1 June 2010, Stobart Group took a £100 million loan from M & G Investments, partly in order to fund the airport construction.[38] In July 2010, an application for a judicial review of the planning application was filed,[39] which was dismissed on 2 February 2011.[40]

On 23 September 2010, the airport received the Airport Achievement Award 2010/11 from the European Regions Airline Association.[41]

A replacement air traffic control tower became operational on 21 March 2011.

The return of year round daily passenger services came in March 2011, when Aer Arann commenced services to Galway and Waterford in Ireland.[42][43]

EasyJet announced a ten-year agreement with Stobart Group in June 2011, and in April 2012 commenced around 70 flights per week from Southend, using three Airbus A319 aircraft based at the airport,[44][45] flying to eight European destinations — Alicante, Amsterdam, Belfast, Barcelona, Faro, Ibiza, Majorca and Malaga; Belfast was subsequently dropped in January 2014.

A new on-site rail station opened 18 July 2011, (the official opening by Minister for Transport Theresa Villiers MP was on 21 September 2011),[46] and a new road opened 1 September 2011, replacing Eastwoodbury Lane that lay in the path required for the runway extension.

2012: Expansion of passenger flights[edit]

A new terminal was built by Buckingham Group Contracting Ltd during 2011 and opened 28 February 2012 (the official opening was by The Right Honourable Justine Greening MP, Secretary of State for Transport on 5 March 2012).[47] This old terminal has been subsequently redeveloped for use by private jets, with Stobart Air having invested half a million pounds turning it into an executive business lounge.[48]

The extended runway opened 8 March 2012, with Category I ILS on both ends of the runway.

Easyjet announced further new routes on 26 March 2012; a seasonal winter route to Geneva which commenced 14 December 2012,[49] and to Venice commencing 8 February 2013.[50] Also in March 2012, a three times daily service to Dublin was announced, and commenced 10 May 2012 under the brand of Aer Lingus Regional, offering onward connections from Dublin to New York, Boston, Chicago and Orlando.[51]

On 26 October 2012, EasyJet announced that it was to base a 4th Airbus 319 at Southend with new routes to Berlin and Kraków, these commenced on 17 June 2013.[52] On 6 December 2012 they announced that seasonal flights to Newquay Airport would start, these commenced 20 June 2013, 3 times a week.[53] The Kraków service ended on 13 September 2014.

In November 2012, Thomson Airways and First Choice announced they would operate package holidays from Southend to Palma de Mallorca, flying on Saturdays. Operated by the Spanish airline Volotea, the first flight was on 25 May 2013.[54]

Thomas Cook also offers package holidays from the airport, utlilising seats on scheduled EasyJet flights.[55]

On 27 January 2014, Flybe announced it was to return to Southend with a summer seasonal service to Newquay in Cornwall.[56]

On 25 March 2014 Stobart Air announced that it had agreed a 5 year franchise agreement with Flybe which will see two Flybe branded aircraft based at Southend operating five routes to Antwerp, Caen, Groningen, Münster/Osnabrück and Rennes starting in June and July 2014;[57] on 24 April 2014 a sixth route to Maastricht/Aachen was announced, commencing 10 July 2014 [58]

On 7 April 2014, the extension to the passenger terminal was formally opened by Patrick McLoughlin, the Secretary of State for Transport.[59]

On the 27 June 2014, Sky Work Airlines announced they were moving their Bern connection from London City to London Southend from late October.[60]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Dublin (ends 25 October 2014)[61]
easyJet Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Faro, Málaga, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Geneva, Ibiza, Jersey, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Flybe Dublin (begins 26 October 2014)[62]
Seasonal: Newquay
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
Antwerp, Caen, Dublin (begins 27 October 2014),[63] Groningen, Maastricht/Aachen, Münster/Osnabrück, Rennes
Sky Work Airlines Bern (begins 27 October 2014)[60]
Volotea Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca

Statistics[edit]

10 Busiest routes to and from London Southend Airport (2013)
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change 2012 / 13
1  Netherlands - Amsterdam 149,348 Increase41.8
2  Spain - Barcelona 106,921 Increase60.6
3  Spain - Alicante 100,832 Increase57.3
4  Portugal - Faro 86,136 Increase20.2
5  United Kingdom - Belfast-International 85,604 Decrease07.5
6  Spain - Malaga 80,896 Increase36.7
7  Ireland - Dublin 60,477 Increase70.2
8  Jersey - Jersey 52,768 Increase50.0
9  Italy - Venice 46,137 -
10  Spain - Palma de Mallorca 45,938 Increase65.7
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority [2]

Incidents[edit]

  • On 11 February 1944, Boeing B-17 42-31694 of the USAAF (511th BS) crash-landed and burned out at Southend, after receiving battle damage on a raid on Frankfurt.[64]
  • On 28 July 1959, an East Anglian Flying Services Vickers 614 Viking 1 (registration: G-AHPH) was written off in a landing accident. On approach the aircraft's right-hand main gear indicator showed that the gear was unsafe. An emergency landing was made on the grass parallel to the runway. The right gear collapsed and the aircraft swung to the right, damaging it beyond repair. None of the 39 occupants were injured.[67]
  • On 3 May 1967, a Vickers Viscount of Channel Airways (registration: G-AVJZ) was written off when a propeller was feathered on take-off. Two people on the ground were killed.[69]
  • On 3 June 1971, a Douglas DC-3 of Moormanair (registration: PH-MOA) returned for an emergency landing with one engine partially failed, shortly after departure to the Netherlands carrying supporters of Ajax Football Club. It overran on landing, colliding with an earth bank at the end of the runway and slightly injuring 2 of the 32 passengers on board.[71][72]
  • On 4 October 1974 at 20:01 local time, the flight engineer of a DAT Douglas DC-6 (registered OO-VGB) decided to retract the nose gear during take-off even though the aircraft had not yet lifted off, which happened due to a communication error with the pilots. The airplane slid along the runway, during which it was damaged beyond repair. 99 passengers had been on board the flight to Antwerp, one of which was severely injured (another four received minor injuries from evacuating the aircraft). The six crew members remained uninjured.[73][74]
  • On 12 September 1988, an aircraft carrying newspapers made a crash landing one night into Mac’s Garage on the Eastwood Road. It is suspected that the pilot, who took off from Southend Airport was attempting to crash land on the straight road, but failed and so piloted the plane onto the only uninhabited building. The pilot was 33 year old Hugh Forrester Brown from nearby Canewdon.[75]

Film appearances[edit]

A British United Air Ferries Carvair is seen transporting Auric Goldfinger and his car in the 1964 James Bond film Goldfinger from Southend Airport to Geneva. In the scene, filmed in 1963, Sean Connery as Bond drives his Aston Martin DB5 into Southend Airport (having tracked Goldfinger's Rolls Royce to the airport), and takes it to Switzerland in pursuit of Goldfinger via the Carvair service. The airport also appears in the 2001 film Mike Bassett: England Manager. It is shown when the team emerge to joyous crowds upon their arrival from the FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

Gallery[edit]

The barriers which were closed for large aircraft movements are located behind the camera; the church is to the east side of the old routing of Eastwoodbury Lane, which is now re-routed to the south-west of the runway extension. 
Temporary closing of barriers across Eastwoodbury Lane was required for large aircraft movements until the road was diverted to enable the construction of the runway extension in August 2012. 
Southend Airport station, opened on 18 July 2011 for Greater Anglia services (ex National Express East Anglia). 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ the abbreviation BKS was derived from the founders' initials – ie, James Barnby, Thomas Keegan and Cyril Stevens
  2. ^ the name changed to BKS Air Transport at the end of 1953; it changed again to Northeast Airlines on 1 November 1970 and in July 1973, became part of the British Airways group

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nats | Ais - Home". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  2. ^ a b c "CAA: Annual UK Airport Statistics". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  3. ^ https://www.google.co.uk/maps/dir/Charing+Cross+Rd,+London,+UK/London+Southend+Airport,+Southend-on-Sea,+Essex+SS2+6YF,+United+Kingdom/
  4. ^ a b EasyJet Helps Make Southend London's Sixth Major Airport London.net, published 2011-06-16. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  5. ^ a b EasyJet to offer flights from Southend Financial Times, published 2011-06-16. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  6. ^ Airport sold to Eddie Stobart Echo, published 2008-12-03. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  7. ^ a b London Southend Airport's new control tower operational BBC, published 2011-04-04. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  8. ^ Minister gives Southend airport the go-ahead BBC, published 2010-03-19. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  9. ^ "Southend Airport runs first flight from new terminal". BBC News. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "London Southend Airport opens station and control tower". BBC News. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Stobart Group strikes deal with easyJet at Southend Airport rail.co, published 2011-06-17. Retrieved 17 June 2011
  12. ^ Stephen Hackwell (3 April 2012). "Dawn of a new era as first easyJet flight soars from Southend Airport". Southend Standard. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "New Ireland & USA Gateway Opens with Aer Lingus Regional, operated by Aer Arann Route Launch". Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  14. ^ "London Southend Airport enjoys its busiest year EVER". Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  15. ^ "London Southend Airport enjoys its busiest ever year ever and looks forward to 2014". Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Southend - Google Maps". Maps.google.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  17. ^ "Aircraft Noise Restriction and Maximum Size". Southendairport.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  18. ^ "Facilities". Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "New Business Lounge for high flyers opens at London Southend Airport | Latest News | Community Relations & News | London Southend Airport". Southendairport.com. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  20. ^ "new-london-southend-airport-holiday-inn-opens". London Southend Airport. Retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "ARRIVA - Arriva's routes in Southend". Arrivabus.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  22. ^ "First Group Welcome Page". Firstgroup.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  23. ^ "Which? reveals the best and worst UK airports - August - 2013 - Which? News". Which.co.uk. 2013-08-17. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  24. ^ "LSA Annual Report Page 10". Southendairport.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  25. ^ Civil Aviation Authority Aerodrome Ordinary Licences
  26. ^ "1935 | 2- 0371 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 1935-09-26. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  27. ^ "National Commuter Airways - NCA". Timetableimages.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  28. ^ "Region Airways - Regionair". Timetableimages.com. 2003-06-09. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  29. ^ Going for Olympic Gold – London's Southend Airport: The Booming 1960s, Airliner World, Key Publishing, Stamford, UK, September 2010, p. 45
  30. ^ Done, Kevin (2008-01-28). "Southend airport up for sale". FT.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  31. ^ News – Latest Updates: Southend's Record Year, Airports of the World, Key Publishing, Stamford, UK, May/June 2013, Iss. 47, p. 6
  32. ^ "AIrcraft Museum". Southend Timeline. 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  33. ^ A Sociology of Commercial Flight Crew, Bennett, S.A., Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, 2006, p. 52
  34. ^ "Committee meeting minutes" (PDF). Historic Built Environment Advisory Committee meeting minutes. 20 February 2003. Retrieved 1 November 2007. 
  35. ^ [1][dead link]
  36. ^ Tait, Jim (5 December 2008). "Eastern takes over early as Flightline goes bust". The Shetland Times. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  37. ^ "Expansion gets go-ahead". Southend Echo. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  38. ^ "Widnes NEW Brochure:Layout 1" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  39. ^ "Southend Council taken to court over runway extension planning permission". airportwatch. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  40. ^ "Legal_challenge_to_Southend_Airport_plan_dismissed". Southend Echo. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011. 
  41. ^ "London Southend Airport Runs Away With Airport Award". Eraa.org. 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  42. ^ Stobart agrees to invest in Aer Arann, Business, IRISHTIMES.com, 12 October 2010
  43. ^ "First Aer Arann scheduled flights from Ireland arrive at Southend Airport". Echo News. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  44. ^ "London Southend Airport Agrees 10 Year Contract with easyJet" (Press release). Stobart Group. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  45. ^ "easyJet to Launch Services from London Southend Airport" (Press release). Stobart Group. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  46. ^ "New London Southend Airport Railway Station Officially Opens". London Southend Airport. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  47. ^ "New London Southend Airport Passenger Terminal Officially Opened By Secretary of State For Transport". London Southend Airport. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  48. ^ name=London Southend Airport"New Business Lounge for high flyers opens at London Southend Airport". London Southend Airport. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  49. ^ "easyJet takes Southend on Ski with new Geneva flight | Latest News | Community Relations & News | London Southend Airport". Southendairport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  50. ^ 4-traders (2012-03-26). "easyJet plc : easyJet's inaugural flight celebrates the launch of the first new airport in the south east for decades". 4-Traders. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  51. ^ name=London Southend Airport"New Ireland & USA Gateway opens with Aer Lingus Regional operated by Aer Arann Route Launch". London Southend Airport. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  52. ^ http://www.anna.aero/2013/06/19/easyjet-adds-two-central-european-destinations-from-london-southend/
  53. ^ "easyJet launches new route to Newquay from London Southend Airport | Latest News | Community Relations & News | London Southend Airport". Southendairport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  54. ^ "More choice for Essex sun seekers | Latest News | Community Relations & News | London Southend Airport". Southendairport.com. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  55. ^ http://www.e-tid.com/easyjet-takes-thomas-cook-to-southend/55942/
  56. ^ name=London Southend Airport"Flybe launches London Southend to Newquay service". London Southend Airport date=2014-01-28. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  57. ^ http://www.southendairport.com/news/stobart-group-and-flybe-announce-5-year-agreement/
  58. ^ http://www.southendairport.com/news/new-route-to-london-southend-from-maastricht-aachen |title=new route to London Southend from Maastricht Aachen |publisher=London Southend Airport date=2014-04-24|accessdate=2014-04-26
  59. ^ http://www.echo-news.co.uk/news/11119905.Look_who_is_coming_to_Southend_Airport/
  60. ^ a b https://www.flyskywork.com/en/company/press/press-releases/winter-schedule-2015
  61. ^ http://www.aerlingus.com/en-IE/home/index.jsp
  62. ^ http://www.echo-news.co.uk/news/11277866.New_flights_from_Southend_Airport_announced/?ref=mry
  63. ^ http://www.flybe.com
  64. ^ "Plane details 2 – planes 42-29847 to 42-31879". Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  65. ^ "Sweet Melody 42-107147 Crash". 
  66. ^ "30 Escape burning plane at London". Southeast Missourian. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  67. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Vickers 614 Viking 1 G-AHPH Southend Municipal Airport (SEN)". Aviation-safety.net. 1959-07-28. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  68. ^ "G-ALDC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  69. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  70. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  71. ^ "PH-MOA Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  72. ^ "Douglas DC-3 PH-MOA, Report on the accident at Southend Airport, 3 June 1971". Accidents Investigation Branch. 22 November 1972. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  73. ^ "DAT 1974 accident at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1974-10-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  74. ^ "Official report of the 1974 DAT accident at Southend Airport" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  75. ^ http://www.aaib.gov.uk/publications/bulletins/september_1988/beechcraft_super_king_air_200__g_wsje.cfm
  76. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Airliner World – Going for Olympic Gold: London's Southend Airport, pp. 42–48". Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. September 2010. ISSN 1465-6337.  (Airliner World online)

External links[edit]

Media related to London Southend Airport at Wikimedia Commons