Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the modern constituency covering the city, see Foyle (UK Parliament constituency).
Londonderry City
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922
Number of members One
Replaced by Londonderry

Londonderry City was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system .

Boundaries and Boundary Changes[edit]

This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Derry in County Londonderry.

It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801. In 1922 it was combined with North Londonderry and South Londonderry, to form the Londonderry county constituency.

Politics[edit]

After the extension of the franchise in 1885, the constituency was one of the most marginal seats in Ireland. There were many close elections.

Sinn Féin won in 1918. The MP (best known in Irish history as Professor Eoin MacNeill) was also returned by National University of Ireland. As MacNeill did not take his seat in the United Kingdom House of Commons he could not choose which constituency he would represent and arrange a by-election in the other. He played an active role in the First Dáil and in the government it set up.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1801 Henry Alexander
1802 Sir George Fitzgerald Hill, Bt Tory
1830 Sir Robert Alexander Ferguson, Bt Liberal
1860 by-election William McCormick Conservative
1865 Lord Claud John Hamilton Conservative
1868 Richard Dowse Liberal Party
1872 by-election Charles Edward Lewis Conservative
1886 Justin McCarthy[1] Irish Parliamentary Party
1892 John Ross Conservative
1895 Edmund Francis Vesey Knox Irish Parliamentary Party
1899 by-election Arthur John Moore Irish Parliamentary Party
1900 Marquess of Hamilton Unionist
1913 by-election David Cleghorn Hogg Liberal Party
1914 by-election James Brown Dougherty Liberal Party
1918 Eoin MacNeill Sinn Féin
1922 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.

General Election 14 December 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Sinn Féin Eoin MacNeill 7,335 N/A
Irish Unionist Sir Robert Newton Anderson 7,020 N/A
Irish Parliamentary William Hamilton Davey 120 N/A
Majority 315 N/A
Turnout 16,736 N/A
Sinn Féin gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-Election 30 November 1914: Londonderry City

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir James Brown Dougherty unopposed[2]
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Londonderry City by-election, 1913

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal David Cleghorn Hogg 2,699 50.5 +50.5
Irish Unionist Hercules Arthur Pakenham 2,642 49.5 -1.6
Majority 57 1.0 n/a
Turnout
Liberal gain from Irish Unionist Swing n/a


General Election December 1910

Electorate 5,068

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Marquis of Hamilton 2,415 51.1
Irish Parliamentary John Randolph Leslie 2,310 48.9
Majority 1.2
Turnout
Irish Unionist hold Swing


Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis was declared elected at the 1886 general election, but the result was overturned on petition, and the seat awarded to McCarthy
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons 1918 p 249

References[edit]

  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), 2nd edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4 )[self-published source][better source needed]

See also[edit]