|Londrina, Paraná, Brazil|
|The Municipality of Londrina|
|Nickname(s): Pequena Londres ("Little London")|
|Mesoregion||Norte Central Paranaense|
|Founded||December 10, 1934|
|• Mayor||Gerson Araújo (PSDB) (acting mayor)|
|• Total||1,650.809 km2 (637 sq mi)|
|Elevation||610 m (2,000 ft)|
|• Density||310/km2 (800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||BRST (UTC-2)|
|Area code(s)||+55 43|
Londrina (Portuguese pronunciation: [lõˈdɾĩnɐ], literally Londoner) is a city located in the north of the state of Paraná, South Region, Brazil, and is 369 km away from the capital, Curitiba. Londrina was originally founded by British settlers. The city exerts great influence on Paraná and Brazil's south region. Londrina has approximately 500,000 inhabitants, being the second largest city in Paraná and the fourth largest city in the Southern Region of Brazil (after Curitiba, Porto Alegre and Joinville).
The city has a population of 506,645 (IBGE Census 2010) and 1,087,815 in its metropolitan area. It is a regional centre and is made up of commerce, services, agro-industries, and universities, including the State University of Londrina and the Federal Technological University of Paraná.
The city was named after British entrepreneurs who launched railroad stations in the region to ease the transportation of coffee grains from northern Paraná and southern São Paulo states to the port of Santos. The word Londrina, literally meaning "Londoner" or perhaps "Little London", pays homage to the British capital (Londres in Portuguese), since a Londoner cotton company, Paraná Plantations Limited, made the original investment to settle in this area. The city's population consists of descendants of those settlers, mainly from England and Scotland, plus Portuguese, Japanese, Italian, German, Polish, African, Spanish, Native, Lebanese, Ukrainian and Bulgarian Brazilians, as well as some Brazilians from other cities or states.
|Pardo (Brown/Mixed race)||18.3%|
|Indian (Native American)||0.3%|
Fonte: Censo 2000
Located in the Southern Region of Brazil, Londrina is a somewhat humid city in the subtropical zone. Average annual precipitation is 1,622.6 mm (63.9 in). Mean average annual temperature is 20.62 °C (69 °F).
|Climate data for Londrina|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.1
|Average low °C (°F)||18.7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||216.4
|Source #1: Climate Charts|
|Source #2: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 603m|
Agriculture continues to be Londrina's major economic activity, although its importance has diminished in recent years. Agricultural activity was diversified beyond coffee, and today corn, wheat, cotton, horticulture, beans, peanuts, rice, sugar cane, soy bean, and fruit plantations thrive due to the rich Northern Paraná/South Western São Paulo State "terra roxa" crimson soil. Although the city has increased its industrial park by adding weaving, textiles and agricultural factories, Londrina's main wealth continues to be agricultural production. Today, Londrina is also known for its commerce and service sectors. Moreover, real estate is another growing sector that has generated jobs and boosted even more the size of this city in Paraná.
The city is served by Londrina – Governador José Richa Airport.
The fertile land of the region, "terra roxa" ("purple soil"), has this name due to a corruption and attempt to translate into Portuguese the term "terra rossa" ("red soil", in Italian), which Italian immigrants used to call it. The inhabitants of Northern Paraná state are often called "pé vermelho" ("red foot") because of their dust bowl-like region. The fertility of the soil is said to have originated in the biggest volcanic lava spill of the planet, known as The Spill of Trapp, that to a large extent occurred in the Center-South region of Brazil. During its golden era, (1920 to 1970), Londrina region accounted for 60% of all the coffee produced in the world, together with the west bank of the Paraná River,
Colleges and universities
- Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL)
- Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (UTFPR)
- Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUC-PR)
- Universidade Norte do Paraná (UNOPAR)
- Centro Universitário Filadéfia (UniFil)
- Faculdade Pitágoras
- and many others.
Metropolitan region of Londrina
Instituted by State Complementary Law 81 on 17 June 1998, the Metropolitan Region of Londrina includes the cities of Londrina, Cambé, Ibiporã, Sertanópolis, Bela Vista do Paraíso, Jataizinho, Rolândia, and Tamarana, totaling 750 thousand inhabitants.
The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Londrina.
- Everson Maciel, footballer
- Flavia de Oliveira, model
- Giovane Élber, footballer
- Rafinha, footballer
- Jádson, footballer
- Naldo, footballer
- Fernandinho, footballer
- Michelle Alves, model
- Victor Lazzarini, composer
- Gilberto Godoy (Giba), volleyball player
- Rogério Romero, swimmer
- "Climate: Londrina - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- "Londrina, Brazil Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 2 September 2013.