Lone Grove, Oklahoma

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Lone Grove, Oklahoma
City
Location of Lone Grove, Oklahoma
Location of Lone Grove, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°10′39″N 97°14′55″W / 34.17750°N 97.24861°W / 34.17750; -97.24861Coordinates: 34°10′39″N 97°14′55″W / 34.17750°N 97.24861°W / 34.17750; -97.24861
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Carter
Area
 • Total 28.1 sq mi (72.8 km2)
 • Land 28.1 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 948 ft (289 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,631
 • Density 165.0/sq mi (63.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73443
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-43750[1]
GNIS feature ID 1094903[2]

Lone Grove is a city in Carter County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 4,631 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Micropolitan Statistical Area of Ardmore.

The city, located seven miles west of Ardmore on U.S. Route 70, is effectively a bedroom community of Ardmore, with many residents employed in Ardmore.

History[edit]

A former village located in the Chickasaw Nation of the Indian Territory near a stand of cedar trees.[3] The town was founded and a post office was established in Lone Grove on February 4, 1885.[4][5] Prior to that the community was named "Price's Store", after local general mercantile owner T. C. "Tom Cat" Price.

During the early 1900s local businesses included three grocery stores, a barbershop, a drugstore, a movie theater, a blacksmith shop, and three doctors. Numerous oil pools, including the Healdton and Hewitt fields, were discovered nearby during the 1910s and 1920s, and the Oklahoma, New Mexico and Pacific Railway reached town in 1913. (Popularly called the Ringling Railroad, the line was later acquired by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and was abandoned in 1976.) During the 1920s the community grew with the addition of a two-story Masonic lodge building, a wagonyard, a restaurant, a grist mill, a cleaning and press shop, and an automobile garage and gasoline filling station.

A fire destroyed many of the Lone Grove businesses and some homes on November 15, 1899.[4] The city's population was reported at 215 in a 1905 geological survey of the territory.[3] The Oklahoma, New Mexico and Pacific Railway (aka Ringling Railroad for financial backer John Nicholas Ringling; and was later absorbed into the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) reached Lone Grove in 1913, and was active until 1976.[4]

In the 1910s and 1920s oil pools were discovered in nearby oilfields of Healdton and Hewitt.[4]

After stopping a car for speeding, Oklahoma Highway Patrol Trooper Howard M. Crumley was murdered with his own revolver with two shots to the head, by brothers, Ray and Hubert Wilkinson, on June 28, 1970, three miles west of Lone Grove on U.S. Highway 70.[6]

February 2009 Tornado[edit]

On February 10, 2009 a tornado killed eight people in Lone Grove.[7] The National Weather Service classified the tornado an EF-4 with winds up to 165 mph.[8] According to the Lone Grove city manager 114 mobile homes were destroyed, and 46 people were injured.[9]

Some news organizations were reporting that nine people had died, but this was denied by Michelann Ooten of the Oklahoma state emergency management department.[10]

The tornado occurred at 7:30 p.m. (CST) killing 8 and leaving 14 seriously injured. Seven were killed in Lone Grove and the other was a truck driver passing through the area. Although tornadoes are not new to the area, they are very unusual in February, and many residents were caught off guard, despite the tornado sirens. According to the National Weather Service since 1950, the state has been struck by 44 tornadoes in the month of February.[11]

Geography[edit]

Lone Grove is located at 34°10′39″N 97°14′55″W / 34.17750°N 97.24861°W / 34.17750; -97.24861 (34.177474, -97.248666).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.1 square miles (73 km2), of which 28.1 square miles (73 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.11%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[1] there were 4,631 people, 1,673 households, and 1,345 families residing in the city. The population density was 165.0 people per square mile (63.7/km²). There were 1,873 housing units at an average density of 66.7 per square mile (25.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.50% White, 1.86% African American, 7.90% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 4.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.97% of the population.

There were 1,673 households out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,846, and the median income for a family was $38,800. Males had a median income of $30,365 versus $17,598 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,125. About 14.0% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Gannett, Henry; USGS; U.S. Dept. of the Interior, (1905, 2005). - A Gazetteer of the Indian Territory. - Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, U.S. Gov't Printing Office. - p.43. - ISBN 978-0-8063-5261-9.
  4. ^ a b c d "LONE GROVE". - Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. - Oklahoma Historical Society.
  5. ^ Shirk, George H., (1987). - Oklahoma Place Names. - Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. - p.144. - ISBN 978-0-8061-2028-7.
  6. ^ Trooper Howard M. Crumley. - Officer Down Memorial Page.
    —Owens, Ron, (2000). - Oklahoma Heroes: The Oklahoma Peace Officers Memorial. - Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing. - p.80-81. - ISBN 978-1-56311-571-4.
  7. ^ Jackson, Ron, James Tyree and Johnny Johnson. - "Oklahoma tornado leaves 9 confirmed dead; three found alive, but trapped". - The Oklahoman. - NewsOK.com. - February 11, 2009. - Retrieved: 2009-02-11.
  8. ^ Painter, Bryan - "Lone Grove tornado topped 165 mph". - The Oklahoman. - NewsOK.com. - February 11, 2009. - Retrieved: 2009-02-11.
  9. ^ Johnson, Johnny. - "114 residences destroyed in Lone Grove". - The Oklahoman. - NewsOK.com. - February 12, 2009. - Retrieved: 2009-02-12.
  10. ^ Jackson, Ron. - "Survivors of Lone Grove tornado express shock, thanks". - The Oklahoman. - NewsOK.com. - February 12, 2009. - Retrieved: 2009-02-12.
  11. ^ "Twisters kill 8 people in Oklahoma, others injured". Associated Press. 2009-02-11. Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.