Lone Star Geyser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lone Star Geyser
Lone Star Geyser Basin with Lone Star erupting 20080812.jpg
Lone Star Geyser
Location Lone Star Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Teton County, Wyoming
Coordinates 44°25′06″N 110°48′24″W / 44.4183461°N 110.8067286°W / 44.4183461; -110.8067286Coordinates: 44°25′06″N 110°48′24″W / 44.4183461°N 110.8067286°W / 44.4183461; -110.8067286[1]
Elevation 7,644 feet (2,330 m) [2]
Type Cone type geyser
Eruption height 35-40 feet
Frequency 3 hours
Duration 30 minutes

Lone Star Geyser is a cone type geyser located in the Lone Star Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park. The basin is a backcountry geyser basin located 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Old Faithful Geyser and the Upper Geyser Basin. The geyser is reached via an old service road open to hikers and biking with the trailhead near Kepler Cascades on the Grand Loop Road.[3]

Lone Star erupts about every 3 hours and last about 30 minutes and reaches a heights of 35 to 40 feet (11 to 12 m).[4]

History[edit]

Aubrey L. Haines, the Yellowstone park historian from 1960 to 1969, relates three stories as to how this geyser was named:[5]

  • In 1882, two Northern Pacific Railroad surveyors working in the Upper Geyser Basin region came upon the geyser and assumed because of its remote location that they were the first to discover it. They named it Lone Star Geyser in their notes.
  • In 1879, Colonel W. D. Pickett and J.M.V. Cochran, two hunters who had camped near Old Faithful, referred to the geyser as Lone Star during a discussion they had with Henry Bird Calfee, a noted Yellowstone photographer, during a later part of their hunting trip.
  • The Hayden Geological Survey of 1872 named this geyser Solitary Geyser but that name was later given to another geyser northeast of Old Faithful.
Images of Lone Star Geyser
Lone Star Geyser, 1878 William Henry Jackson 
Lone Star Geyser, ca1900 Frank Jay Haynes 
Pre-eruption phase, 2008 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lone Star Geyser". Yellowstone Geothermal Features Database. Montana State University. 
  2. ^ "Lone Star Geyser". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  3. ^ Schneider, Bill (2003). Hiking Yellowstone National Park. Guilford, CT: Falcon Press. pp. 246–47. ISBN 0-7627-2539-7. 
  4. ^ "Geysers – Upper Geyser Basin". YellowstoneNationalPark.com. 
  5. ^ Haines, Aubrey L. Yellowstone Place Names-Mirrors of History. Niwot, Co: University of Colorado Press. pp. 114–15. ISBN 0-87081-382-X.