Long-bearded melidectes

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Long-bearded Melidectes
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Melidectes
Species: M. princeps
Binomial name
Melidectes princeps
Mayr & Gilliard, 1951.[2]

The Long-bearded Melidectes (Melidectes princeps), also known as the Long-bearded Honeyeater, is a bird in the Honeyeater family.

Description[edit]

The Long-bearded Melidectes is 27 cm long.[3] It has a long, slender black bill and orange skin behind its eye. Its plumage is soot-black. It is distinguished from the similar sooty honeyeaters by its wispy white beard, which reaches the bend of its wing.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The honeyeater is endemic to Papua New Guinea, and is found only on Mt Giluwe, Mt Hagen, the Kubor Range, Mt Wilhelm, Mt Michael and in the Kaijende Highlands of Enga Province, 70 km NW of Mt Hagen.[3] Its range is about 19,000 km2. It lives at high altitudes in shrubland, grassland or moist forest.[3]

Behaviour[edit]

The honeyeaters inhabit the tree canopies, eating nectar, fruit and insects. They feed in pairs or small groups. They nest in June and July. The voice is unrecorded.[3]

Threats and conservation[edit]

The honeyeater is classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.[4] Where once it was thought that it was threatened by habitat loss, it is now believed that it’s ability to live on edges of fragmented land may mean that it is less at risk. Climate change remains a potential threat. It was estimated in 2000 that there were fewer than 10,000 mature individuals remaining.[3] No conservation measures are in place; however, there is a proposal to undertake a survey of forest blocks at suitable altitudes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Melidectes princeps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Mayr & Gillard. (1951).
  3. ^ a b c d e f BirdLife International (2010).
  4. ^ IUCN Red List. (June, 2010).