Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment
The Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) is a proposed neutrino detector at the Homestake Mine which would observe neutrinos produced at Fermilab. It would fire an intense beam of trillions of neutrinos from a production facility near Fermilab (in Illinois) over a distance of 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) to an instrumented multi-kiloton volume of liquid argon located at Sanford Lab in South Dakota. The proposed detector is to be about 12 metres (39 ft) across. Its goal would be to study neutrino oscillation and perhaps determine whether neutrinos are their own anti-particle, that is whether they are Majorana particles. Part of the path of the neutrinos would take them 30 kilometres (19 mi) underground (the beam itself will start 1.5 kilometres (4,900 ft) under the surface).
Funding and construction
The US has committed $1 billion to its development. The UK has announced that they will help fund the project and nine British universities will be involved. These include Manchester, Sheffield, Cambridge, Oxford, and University College London.
It is planned to be operational in 2022.
- Ghosh, Pallab (15 February 2014). "UK backs huge US neutrino plan". BBC News. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
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